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Digest of Education Statistics
2004 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 346. Current-fund expenditures of public degree-granting institutions, by purpose: Selected years, 1980-81 to 2000-01

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                           |           |           |           |            |            |            |            |            |
Purpose                                    |   1980-81 |   1985-86 |   1990-91 |    1995-96 |    1996-97 |    1997-98 | 1998-99\1\ |  1999-2000 |    2000-01
___________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
1                                          |         2 |         3 |         4 |           5|          6 |          7 |          8 |          9 |         10
___________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
                                           |                                                      In thousands
                                           |_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Total current-fund expenditures ......|$42,279,806|$63,193,853|$92,961,093|$119,524,500|$125,428,736|$132,846,205|$140,538,586|$152,324,948|$170,344,840
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
   Educational and general expenditures ...| 34,173,013| 50,872,962| 74,395,428|  96,085,623| 101,026,553| 106,740,858| 113,594,381| 122,708,551| 136,612,739
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
Instruction ...............................| 14,849,822| 21,880,782| 31,371,394|  38,653,245|  40,272,894|  42,149,852|  44,300,187|  47,215,750|  51,824,409
Research ..................................|  3,813,350|  5,705,144|  9,364,213|  12,076,357|  12,708,360|  13,415,392|  14,308,155|  15,999,142|  18,031,825
Public service ............................|  1,718,924|  2,515,734|  3,990,232|   5,321,014|   5,697,527|   6,111,046|   6,764,341|   7,421,841|   8,381,261
Academic support ..........................|  3,029,284|  4,693,543|  6,933,847|   9,004,113|   9,587,779|  10,280,536|  11,188,644|  12,087,782|  13,328,044
  Libraries ...............................|  1,187,116|  1,685,052|  2,167,161|   2,690,547|   2,836,286|   2,929,549|   3,098,540|         ---|         ---
Student services ..........................|  1,950,566|  2,921,758|  4,398,365|   5,810,403|   6,177,234|   6,611,180|   7,053,197|   7,636,530|   8,377,026
Institutional support .....................|  3,563,194|  5,667,144|  8,030,642|  10,710,279|  11,213,870|  11,842,815|  12,730,698|  13,768,079|  15,344,522
Operation and maintenance of plant ........|  3,681,921|  5,177,254|  6,655,605|   8,005,101|   8,265,279|   8,572,699|   8,953,015|   9,710,370|  10,973,589
Scholarships and fellowships ..............|  1,064,864|  1,575,909|  2,688,532|   5,084,653|   5,554,360|   5,947,587|   6,417,812|   6,785,423|   7,766,208
  From unrestricted funds .................|    367,476|    696,973|  1,270,158|   2,457,139|   2,734,268|   2,944,138|   3,168,528|         ---|         ---
  From restricted funds\2\ ................|    697,388|    878,935|  1,418,374|   2,627,514|   2,820,091|   3,003,449|   3,249,284|         ---|         ---
Mandatory transfers .......................|    501,087|    735,695|    962,598|   1,420,459|   1,549,250|   1,809,751|   1,878,331|   2,083,634|   2,585,857
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
   Other expenditures .....................|  8,106,793| 12,320,891| 18,565,665|  23,438,877|  24,402,183|  26,105,347|  26,944,205|  29,616,397|  33,732,101
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
Auxiliary enterprises .....................|  4,658,140|  6,830,235|  9,049,935|  11,309,031|  12,031,612|  12,819,009|  13,566,912|  14,448,423|  16,377,079
  Mandatory transfers .....................|    344,043|    410,777|    623,146|     793,125|     842,635|     844,478|     862,449|         ---|         ---
Hospitals .................................|  3,377,972|  5,358,699|  9,315,902|  11,878,939|  12,111,616|  12,964,071|  13,058,104|  14,057,107|  16,146,401
  Mandatory transfers .....................|     26,613|     75,569|    195,961|     213,387|     293,030|     285,820|     251,306|         ---|         ---
Independent operations (FFRDC)\3\ .........|     70,681|    131,956|    199,827|     250,906|     258,955|     322,267|     319,188|     533,868|     779,242
  Mandatory transfers .....................|        322|        846|      1,201|       1,343|       1,172|       1,379|           #|         ---|         ---
Other current expenditures ................|          †|          †|          †|           †|           †|           †|           †|     576,999|     429,379
                                           |=================================================================================================================
                                           |                                               Percentage distribution
                                           |_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Total current-fund expenditures ......|      100.0|      100.0|      100.0|       100.0|       100.0|       100.0|       100.0|       100.0|       100.0
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
   Educational and general expenditures ...|       80.8|       80.5|       80.0|        80.4|        80.5|        80.3|        80.8|        80.6|        80.2
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
Instruction ...............................|       35.1|       34.6|       33.7|        32.3|        32.1|        31.7|        31.5|        31.0|        30.4
Research ..................................|        9.0|        9.0|       10.1|        10.1|        10.1|        10.1|        10.2|        10.5|        10.6
Public service ............................|        4.1|        4.0|        4.3|         4.5|         4.5|         4.6|         4.8|         4.9|         4.9
Academic support ..........................|        7.2|        7.4|        7.5|         7.5|         7.6|         7.7|         8.0|         7.9|         7.8
  Libraries ...............................|        2.8|        2.7|        2.3|         2.3|         2.3|         2.2|         2.2|        --- |        ---
Student services ..........................|        4.6|        4.6|        4.7|         4.9|         4.9|         5.0|         5.0|         5.0|         4.9
Institutional support .....................|        8.4|        9.0|        8.6|         9.0|         8.9|         8.9|         9.1|         9.0|         9.0
Operation and maintenance of plant ........|        8.7|        8.2|        7.2|         6.7|         6.6|         6.5|         6.4|         6.4|         6.4
Scholarships and fellowships ..............|        2.5|        2.5|        2.9|         4.3|         4.4|         4.5|         4.6|         4.5|         4.6
  From unrestricted funds .................|        0.9|        1.1|        1.4|         2.1|         2.2|         2.2|         2.3|        --- |        ---
  From restricted funds\2\ ................|        1.6|        1.4|        1.5|         2.2|         2.2|         2.3|         2.3|        --- |        ---
Mandatory transfers .......................|        1.2|        1.2|        1.0|         1.2|         1.2|         1.4|         1.3|         1.4|         1.5
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
   Other expenditures .....................|       19.2|       19.5|       20.0|        19.6|        19.5|        19.7|        19.2|        19.4|        19.8
                                           |___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
Auxiliary enterprises .....................|       11.0|       10.8|        9.7|         9.5|         9.6|         9.6|         9.7|         9.5|         9.6
  Mandatory transfers .....................|        0.8|        0.7|        0.7|         0.7|         0.7|         0.6|         0.6|        --- |        ---
Hospitals .................................|        8.0|        8.5|       10.0|         9.9|         9.7|         9.8|         9.3|         9.2|         9.5
  Mandatory transfers .....................|        0.1|        0.1|        0.2|         0.2|         0.2|         0.2|         0.2|        --- |        ---
Independent operations (FFRDC)\3\ .........|        0.2|        0.2|        0.2|         0.2|         0.2|         0.2|         0.2|         0.4|         0.5
  Mandatory transfers .....................|         # |         # |         # |          # |          # |          # |          # |        --- |        ---
Other current expenditures ................|          †|          †|          †|           †|           †|         †  |           †|         0.4|         0.3
___________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________

---Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
\1\Data imputed using alternative procedures.
\2\Excludes Pell Grants.
\3\Generally includes only those expenditures associated with major federally funded research and development centers (FFRDC).

NOTE: Data for 1980-81 to 1990-91 are for institutions of higher education. Institutions of higher education were accredited by an agency or association that was recognized by the U.S. Department of Education, or recognized directly by the Secretary of Education. The new degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, except that it includes some additional institutions, primarily 2-year colleges, and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not award associate's or higher degrees. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education," surveys, 1980-81 and 1985-86; and 1990-91 through 2000-01 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Finance Survey" (IPEDS-F:FY90-99), and Spring 2002. (This table was prepared October 2003.)