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Digest of Education Statistics
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Table 311. Percentage distribution of enrollment and completion status of first-time postsecondary students starting during the 1995-96 academic year, by type of institution and other student characteristics: 2001

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |                         Students starting in 2-year institutions               |                Students starting in 4-year institutions
Student                            |________________________________________________________________________________|_________________________________________________________________
and institution                    |                  Highest degree attained             |          No|          No|              Highest degree attained       |       No|       No
characteristic                     |______________________________________________________|     degree,|     degree,|____________________________________________| degree, |   degree,
                                   |   Total, any|  Certificate| Associate's|Bachelor's\2\|       still|     not en-|Total, any|  Certifi-|Associate's|Bachelor's|    still|   not en-
                                   |    degree\1\|             |            |             |    enrolled|      rolled| degree\1\|      cate|           |      \2\ |enrolled |    rolled
___________________________________|_____________|_____________|____________|_____________|____________|____________|__________|__________|___________|__________|_________|__________
1                                  |           2 |           3 |           4|            5|           6|           7|         8|         9|         10|        11|       12|        13
___________________________________|_____________|_____________|____________|_____________|____________|____________|__________|__________|___________|__________|_________|__________
   Total ..........................|   38.4 (1.7)|   11.5 (1.2)|   17.3(1.3)|    9.7 (1.1)|   16.4(1.4)|   45.2(1.6)|65.1 (1.0)| 2.7 (0.3)|  4.0 (0.4)|58.4 (1.2)|14.4(0.6)|20.5 (0.8)
                                   |_____________|_____________|____________|_____________|____________|____________|__________|__________|___________|__________|_________|__________
Male ..............................|   39.2 (2.4)|   10.8 (1.6)|   18.7(1.9)|    9.7 (1.5)|   18.0(2.2)|   42.8(2.4)|60.6 (1.4)| 2.5 (0.4)|  3.6 (0.6)|54.6 (1.5)|16.2(0.9)|23.2 (1.1)
Female ............................|   37.7 (2.2)|   12.0 (1.6)|   15.9(1.7)|    9.8 (1.4)|   14.9(1.7)|   47.4(2.2)|68.7 (1.3)| 2.9 (0.3)|  4.3 (0.5)|61.6 (1.4)|12.9(0.8)|18.4 (1.0)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Age when first enrolled            |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  18 years or younger .............|   43.8 (2.3)|    7.3 (1.2)|   19.4(2.0)|   17.0 (1.9)|   17.8(2.1)|   38.4(2.1)|70.0 (1.0)| 1.8 (0.2)|  3.4 (0.4)|64.7 (1.1)|13.4(0.6)|16.6 (0.7)
  19 years ........................|   38.2 (4.1)|    8.2 (2.0)|   24.3(4.0)|    5.7 (2.2)|   20.9(3.6)|   40.9(4.0)|57.1 (2.8)| 3.3 (0.9)|  6.0 (1.3)|47.9 (2.9)|16.4(2.0)|26.6 (2.3)
  20 to 23 years ..................|   29.9 (4.2)|   13.1 (3.0)|   13.0(3.4)|    3.7 (1.6)|   20.1(4.2)|   50.0(4.8)|37.7 (3.8)| 8.7 (2.1)|  6.7 (2.1)|22.3 (3.0)|20.9(3.0)|41.4 (3.6)
  24 to 29 years ..................|   36.5 (4.8)|   25.6 (4.6)|    8.4(2.2)|    2.5 (1.5)|   11.0(3.5)|   52.6(5.1)|34.4 (5.5)| 4.3 (1.8)|  7.2 (3.5)|23.0 (4.7)|22.7(5.8)|42.9 (6.3)
  30 years or over ................|   30.6 (5.5)|   14.1 (3.8)|   14.5(3.3)|    2.0 (1.5)|    8.7(2.4)'|  60.7(5.8)|26.1 (4.3)|11.5 (3.5)|  4.3 (1.6)|10.3 (2.8)|17.0(4.2)|56.9 (5.1)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Race/ethnicity                     |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  White, non-Hispanic .............|   40.5 (2.0)|   10.9 (1.3)|   18.2(1.5)|   11.4 (1.6)|   16.5(1.7)|   43.0(2.0)|68.1 (1.1)| 2.4 (0.3)|  3.8 (0.4)|61.9 (1.3)|12.5(0.7)|19.4 (0.9)
  Black, non-Hispanic .............|   28.4 (4.2)|   16.7 (4.0)|    8.5(2.3)|    3.2 (1.3)|   13.3(2.9)|   58.3(4.3)|51.3 (2.6)| 4.6 (1.0)|  3.2 (0.8)|43.4 (2.8)|20.6(2.3)|28.2 (2.2)
  Hispanic ........................|   34.3 (4.8)|   11.1 (3.2)|   17.8(3.2)|    5.5 (2.3)|   18.1(3.3)|   47.6(4.8)|53.9 (2.3)| 3.1 (0.7)|  6.8 (1.7)|44.0 (2.4)|20.4(1.8)|25.7 (2.1)
  Asian/Pacific Islander ..........|   41.9 (9.2)|   11.6 (6.4)|   23.0(8.2)|    7.4 (3.7)|   21.2(7.7)|   36.9(8.7)|71.3 (3.1)| 0.2 (0.2)|  2.0 (0.8)|69.1 (3.1)|13.9(2.3)|14.8 (2.4)
  American Indian/Alaska Native ...|     #   (†) |     #   (†) |     #  (†) |     #   (†) |     #  (†) |     #  (†) |55.4(10.6)|  #   (†) |  3.7 (3.7)|51.7(10.7)|26.1(8.4)|18.5 (6.8)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Highest education level of parents |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  High school diploma or less .....|   36.5 (2.3)|   13.5 (1.8)|   17.0(1.9)|    6.0 (1.2)|   12.4(1.6)|   51.1(2.4)|52.0 (1.6)| 4.1 (0.6)|  4.8 (0.6)|43.1 (1.6)|16.5(1.3)|31.5 (1.5)
  Some postsecondary ..............|   32.8 (3.3)|   10.1 (2.1)|   14.3(2.6)|    8.4 (2.0)|   19.0(2.8)|   48.2(2.9)|59.5 (1.9)| 3.1 (0.7)|  5.4 (1.1)|50.9 (2.1)|16.4(1.4)|24.2 (1.6)
  Bachelor's degree ...............|   47.7 (4.2)|    9.1 (2.3)|   22.4(3.7)|   16.2 (3.2)|   18.8(3.5)|   33.5(3.9)|72.1 (1.5)| 1.8 (0.4)|  4.0 (0.6)|66.3 (1.5)|13.4(1.1)|14.5 (1.1)
  Advanced degree .................|   45.4 (6.0)|    3.1 (2.0)|   17.2(4.4)|   25.2 (5.5)|   25.2(5.4)|   29.4(6.0)|76.5 (1.7)| 1.2 (0.3)|  1.4 (0.3)|73.9 (1.7)|11.7(1.2)|11.8 (1.2)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Dependency status when first       |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
   enrolled                        |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Dependent .......................|   42.1 (2.2)|    8.2 (1.2)|   20.1(1.8)|   13.8 (1.7)|   18.3(1.9)|   39.6(2.1)|68.0 (1.0)| 2.1 (0.2)|  3.6 (0.4)|62.1 (1.2)|14.0(0.6)|18.1 (0.7)
  Independent .....................|   32.9 (3.1)|   17.6 (2.4)|   12.3(1.9)|    3.0 (0.9)|   13.8(2.4)|   53.4(3.5)|35.9 (2.9)| 8.8 (1.7)|  6.4 (1.6)|20.6 (2.3)|19.1(2.5)|45.0 (3.2)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Dependent student family           |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
   income in 1994                  |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Less than $25,000 ...............|   43.0 (3.8)|   10.9 (2.6)|   24.5(3.4)|    7.6 (2.1)|   14.3(2.6)|   42.7(3.5)|58.8 (1.8)| 3.4 (0.7)|  5.1 (1.0)|50.3 (2.1)|18.6(1.5)|22.6 (1.5)
  $25,000 to $44,999 ..............|   41.2 (4.5)|   10.5 (2.3)|   16.4(2.9)|   14.3 (2.7)|   19.1(3.0)|   39.6(3.6)|61.7 (1.7)| 2.3 (0.4)|  4.4 (0.8)|55.0 (1.7)|15.1(1.3)|23.1 (1.4)
  $45,000 to $69,999 ..............|   40.2 (3.8)|    5.3 (1.8)|   22.1(3.2)|   12.8 (2.5)|   19.3(3.5)|   40.5(4.0)|69.1 (1.6)| 1.7 (0.4)|  3.7 (0.7)|63.6 (1.7)|13.2(1.0)|17.7 (1.3)
  $70,000 or more .................|   44.7 (5.5)|    4.5 (1.8)|   15.8(3.6)|   24.4 (4.5)|   22.1(4.2)|   33.2(4.8)|77.4 (1.3)| 1.6 (0.4)|  2.0 (0.4)|73.8 (1.5)|10.7(1.0)|11.9 (0.9)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Timing of postsecondary enrollment |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Did not delay\3\ ................|   43.9 (2.3)|    7.0 (1.1)|   20.9(2.0)|   15.9 (1.8)|   18.4(2.0)|   37.7(2.1)|69.2 (1.0)| 1.9 (0.2)|  3.3 (0.4)|64.0 (1.1)|13.7(0.6)|17.1 (0.7)
  Delayed entry ...................|   32.8 (2.7)|   15.6 (2.0)|   13.7(1.8)|    3.5 (1.0)|   14.9(2.0)|   52.3(2.8)|45.0 (2.2)| 6.6 (1.0)|  7.0 (1.3)|31.4 (2.1)|18.0(1.6)|37.0 (2.2)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Attendance status when first       |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
   enrolled                        |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Full-time .......................|   47.3 (2.4)|   10.2 (1.4)|   21.3(1.9)|   15.8 (2.1)|   15.9(2.0)|   36.8(2.3)|69.3 (1.0)| 1.9 (0.2)|  4.0 (0.4)|63.3 (1.2)|12.7(0.6)|18.0 (0.8)
  Part-time .......................|   29.5 (3.2)|   13.9 (2.7)|   12.2(2.3)|    3.4 (1.0)|   15.6(2.4)|   54.9(3.4)|33.4 (3.2)| 7.3 (2.0)|  2.1 (0.8)|23.9 (3.3)|27.3(3.0)|39.3 (3.4)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Intensity of enrollment            |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
   through 2001                    |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Always part-time ................|   13.2 (2.9)|   11.5 (2.8)|    1.7(0.8)|     #   (†) |   13.3(3.0)|   73.4(3.8)|10.3 (2.9)| 9.7 (2.9)|  0.6 (0.6)|  #   (†) |12.9(3.8)|76.8 (4.1)
  Mixed ...........................|   42.3 (2.5)|   12.6 (1.7)|   20.8(2.0)|    8.9 (1.3)|   21.7(2.1)|   36.0(2.2)|51.7 (1.5)| 4.4 (0.6)|  5.5 (0.6)|41.8 (1.6)|26.6(1.3)|21.7 (1.1)
  Always full-time ................|   49.5 (3.2)|    9.3 (1.4)|   22.0(2.8)|   18.1 (3.1)|    9.1(1.8)|   41.4(3.1)|74.2 (1.1)| 1.5 (0.2)|  3.3 (0.5)|69.4 (1.2)| 8.1(0.6)|17.8 (0.9)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Degree goal at first institution   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Certificate .....................|   45.2 (5.1)|   38.4 (5.3)|    6.2(2.3)|    0.7 (0.4)|    6.8(2.5)|   48.0(4.8)|37.7 (7.0)|16.1 (6.2)| 14.2 (7.5)| 7.5 (3.0)|19.4(6.5)|42.8 (6.7)
  Associate degree ................|   40.9 (2.3)|    8.7 (1.3)|   24.7(2.1)|    7.5 (1.4)|   15.6(2.0)|   43.5(2.3)|52.6 (4.2)| 7.3 (2.4)| 24.7 (3.7)|20.7 (3.3)| 8.9(2.3)|38.5 (4.2)
  Bachelor's degree ...............|\4\40.3 (3.7)|\4\ 6.0 (1.9)|\4\11.7(2.4)|\4\22.6 (3.3)|\4\21.9(3.5)|\4\37.8(3.4)|67.6 (1.0)| 2.1 (0.3)|  2.7 (0.3)|62.9 (1.1)|14.2(0.6)|18.2 (0.7)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Worked while enrolled 1995-96      |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Did not work ....................|   43.0 (3.0)|   13.9 (2.3)|   21.5(2.8)|    7.6 (1.9)|   10.4(2.5)|   46.6(3.1)|71.1 (1.3)| 2.0 (0.4)|  3.7 (0.7)|65.3 (1.6)|11.9(0.8)|17.0 (1.1)
  Worked part time ................|   44.7 (2.6)|    8.5 (1.5)|   20.9(2.1)|   15.2 (2.0)|   18.4(2.4)|   36.9(2.3)|65.0 (1.3)| 2.3 (0.4)|  4.0 (0.4)|58.6 (1.4)|14.7(0.8)|20.3 (1.0)
  Worked full time ................|   27.2 (2.6)|   14.3 (2.2)|    9.6(1.5)|    3.4 (0.9)|   17.0(2.5)|   55.8(2.9)|41.7 (2.6)| 7.1 (1.3)|  4.2 (1.1)|30.5 (2.5)|21.7(2.2)|36.6 (2.5)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Control of first institution       |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Public ..........................|   36.7 (1.8)|   10.1 (1.3)|   16.4(1.4)|   10.3 (1.3)|   17.4(1.6)|   45.9(1.7)|60.5 (1.2)| 2.8 (0.3)|  4.4 (0.6)|53.3 (1.4)|17.4(0.8)|22.2 (1.0)
  Private, not for profit .........|   58.9 (5.4)|   19.3 (4.6)|   27.8(3.9)|   11.8 (3.3)|    8.4(2.4)|   32.7(4.6)|73.6 (1.7)| 1.8 (0.3)|  2.8 (0.5)|68.9 (2.0)| 9.3(0.8)|17.1 (1.3)
  Private, for profit .............|   55.6 (3.2)|   27.8 (3.9)|   25.8(3.9)|    2.0 (0.8)|    4.3(1.2)|   40.0(3.4)|52.8(10.5)|17.9 (7.2)| 14.9 (6.0)|20.0 (5.1)|11.1(3.1)|36.1 (8.6)
                                   |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
Socioeconomic status in 1995-96\5\ |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
  Not disadvantaged ...............|   41.7 (2.8)|    8.9 (1.8)|   18.1(2.1)|   14.6 (2.0)|   20.4(2.7)|   38.0(2.7)|71.4 (1.1)| 2.0 (0.3)|  3.3 (0.4)|66.1 (1.3)|12.3(0.7)|16.3 (0.8)
  Minimally disadvantaged .........|   33.9 (2.4)|   12.8 (1.7)|   14.9(1.8)|    6.2 (1.4)|   13.1(1.6)|   53.0(2.7)|59.8 (1.6)| 3.7 (0.6)|  5.4 (0.7)|50.8 (1.7)|16.4(1.2)|23.8 (1.3)
  Moderately or highly             |             |             |            |             |            |            |          |          |           |          |         |
     disadvantaged ................|   43.7 (3.6)|   14.6 (3.0)|   21.6(3.4)|    7.5 (1.9)|   14.5(2.7)|   41.8(3.7)|47.1 (2.0)| 3.7 (0.8)|  3.8 (0.8)|39.6 (2.1)|19.5(1.9)|33.4 (2.1)
___________________________________|_____________|_____________|____________|_____________|____________|____________|__________|__________|___________|__________|_________|__________

†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
\1\Includes a small percent of students who had attained a degree and were still enrolled. Includes recipients of degrees not shown separately.
\2\Includes a small percent of students who had attained an advanced degree.
\3\Includes students with a standard high school diploma who enrolled in postsecondary education in the same year as their graduation.
\4\Includes students whose goal was to transfer to a 4-year institution.
\5\Determined by a socioeconomic diversity index that includes parental income as a percentage of the 1994 federal poverty level, parental education, and the proportion of the student body at the student's high school that was eligible for free or reduced-price lunch.

NOTE: Data reflect completion and enrollment status by spring 2001 of first-time postsecondary students starting in academic year 1995-96. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1996/2001 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:96/01). (This table was prepared August 2003.)