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Digest of Education Statistics: 2004
Digest of Education Statistics: 2004

NCES 2006-005
October 2005


Table 161. Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 to 2001-02

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                               Expenditures (In thousands)                  |                    Percentage distribution
Function and subfunction     _______________________________________________________________________________|____________________________________________________
                                   1990-91 |    1995-96 |    1998-99 |  1999-2000 | 2000-01\1\ |    2001-02 |1990-91|1995-96|1998-99|1999-2000|2000-01\1\|2001-02
___________________________________________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______|_______|_______|_________|__________|_______
1                                        2 |          3 |           4|           5|           6|           7|      8|      9|     10|       11|        12|    13
___________________________________________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______|_______|_______|_________|__________|_______
     Total expenditures .......$229,429,715|$293,646,490|$355,837,818|$381,838,155|$410,811,185|$435,364,404|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
                             ______________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______|_______|_______|_________|__________|_______
Current expenditures for                   |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
   public schools ............. 202,037,752| 255,106,683| 302,876,294| 323,888,508| 348,360,841| 368,378,006| 100.00| 100.00| 100.00|   100.00|    100.00| 100.00
                             ==============|============|============|============|============|============|=======|=======|=======|=========|==========|=======
  Salaries ..................\2 132,730,931| 165,806,160| 196,629,955| 210,158,874| 224,305,806| 236,800,258|  65.70|  64.99|  64.92|    64.89|     64.39|  64.28
  Employee benefits .........\2  33,954,456|  44,786,697|  50,180,585|  53,333,592|  57,976,490|  62,008,725|  16.81|  17.56|  16.57|    16.47|     16.64|  16.83
  Purchased services ........\2  16,380,643|  21,579,562|  27,128,347|  29,051,785|  31,778,754|  32,936,278|   8.11|   8.46|   8.96|     8.97|      9.12|   8.94
  Tuition ...................\2   1,192,505|   1,590,468|   2,224,307|   2,231,250|   2,458,366|   3,257,939|   0.59|   0.62|   0.73|     0.69|      0.71|   0.88
  Supplies ..................\2  14,805,956|  18,756,157|  23,599,543|  25,896,917|  28,262,078|  29,544,118|   7.33|   7.35|   7.79|     8.00|      8.11|   8.02
  Other .....................\2   2,973,261|   2,587,639|   3,113,556|   3,216,089|   3,579,347|   3,830,688|   1.47|   1.01|   1.03|     0.99|      1.03|   1.04
                             ==============|============|============|============|============|============|=======|=======|=======|=========|==========|=======
  Instruction ................. 122,223,362| 157,473,978| 186,776,182| 199,968,138| 214,333,003| 226,668,386|  60.50|  61.73|  61.67|    61.74|     61.53|  61.53
    Salaries ..................  90,742,284| 114,580,985| 135,590,617| 145,071,564| 154,512,089| 162,552,497|  44.91|  44.91|  44.77|    44.79|     44.35|  44.13
    Employee benefits .........  22,347,524|  30,299,566|  34,033,341|  36,197,167|  39,522,678|  41,969,103|  11.06|  11.88|  11.24|    11.18|     11.35|  11.39
    Purchased services ........   2,722,639|   3,825,111|   5,498,997|   5,839,673|   6,430,708|   6,629,625|   1.35|   1.50|   1.82|     1.80|      1.85|   1.80
    Tuition ...................   1,192,505|   1,590,468|   2,224,307|   2,231,250|   2,458,366|   3,257,939|   0.59|   0.62|   0.73|     0.69|      0.71|   0.88
    Supplies ..................   4,584,754|   6,513,488|   8,593,113|   9,751,743|  10,377,554|  11,226,470|   2.27|   2.55|   2.84|     3.01|      2.98|   3.05
    Other .....................     633,656|     664,360|     835,808|     876,741|   1,031,608|   1,032,751|   0.31|   0.26|   0.28|     0.27|      0.30|   0.28
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  Student support\3\ ..........   8,926,010|  12,266,136|  15,241,219|  16,046,845|  17,292,756|  18,729,590|   4.42|   4.81|   5.03|     4.95|      4.96|   5.08
    Salaries ..................   6,565,965|   8,885,707|  11,010,537|  11,496,451|  12,354,464|  13,359,679|   3.25|   3.48|   3.64|     3.55|      3.55|   3.63
    Employee benefits .........   1,660,082|   2,307,480|   2,707,437|   2,841,949|   3,036,037|   3,324,812|   0.82|   0.90|   0.89|     0.88|      0.87|   0.90
    Purchased services ........     455,996|     687,300|   1,044,177|   1,180,701|   1,328,600|   1,442,786|   0.23|   0.27|   0.34|     0.36|      0.38|   0.39
    Supplies ..................     191,482|     247,262|     351,480|     389,044|     421,838|     447,611|   0.09|   0.10|   0.12|     0.12|      0.12|   0.12
    Other .....................      52,485|     138,387|     127,588|     138,699|     151,817|     154,701|   0.03|   0.05|   0.04|     0.04|      0.04|   0.04
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  Instructional staff                      |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
     services\4\ ..............   8,467,142|  10,070,241|  13,306,192|  14,640,411|  15,926,856|  17,352,980|   4.19|   3.95|   4.39|     4.52|      4.57|   4.71
    Salaries ..................   5,560,129|   6,418,530|   8,212,064|   8,971,366|   9,790,767|  10,652,512|   2.75|   2.52|   2.71|     2.77|      2.81|   2.89
    Employee benefits .........   1,408,217|   1,719,377|   2,032,526|   2,169,051|   2,356,440|   2,589,581|   0.70|   0.67|   0.67|     0.67|      0.68|   0.70
    Purchased services ........     622,487|     925,403|   1,545,869|   1,776,849|   2,003,598|   2,149,541|   0.31|   0.36|   0.51|     0.55|      0.58|   0.58
    Supplies ..................     776,863|     918,189|   1,294,955|   1,485,730|   1,566,954|   1,726,440|   0.38|   0.36|   0.43|     0.46|      0.45|   0.47
    Other .....................      99,445|      88,743|     220,779|     237,415|     209,097|     234,906|   0.05|   0.03|   0.07|     0.07|      0.06|   0.06
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  General administration ......   5,791,253|   5,878,493|   6,219,434|   6,698,006|   7,108,291|   7,628,348|   2.87|   2.30|   2.05|     2.07|      2.04|   2.07
    Salaries ..................   2,603,562|   2,901,172|   2,962,685|   3,179,759|   3,351,554|   3,582,391|   1.29|   1.14|   0.98|     0.98|      0.96|   0.97
    Employee benefits .........     777,381|     828,483|     874,722|     938,113|   1,000,698|   1,081,521|   0.38|   0.32|   0.29|     0.29|      0.29|   0.29
    Purchased services ........   1,482,427|   1,626,178|   1,792,535|   1,941,822|   2,099,032|   2,252,100|   0.73|   0.64|   0.59|     0.60|      0.60|   0.61
    Supplies ..................     172,898|     185,831|     175,672|     196,205|     206,137|     234,543|   0.09|   0.07|   0.06|     0.06|      0.06|   0.06
    Other .....................     754,985|     336,828|     413,820|     442,107|     450,870|     477,793|   0.37|   0.13|   0.14|     0.14|      0.13|   0.13
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  School administration .......  11,695,344|  14,831,159|  17,177,484|  18,381,292|  19,580,890|  20,680,699|   5.79|   5.81|   5.67|     5.68|      5.62|   5.61
    Salaries ..................   8,935,903|  11,156,460|  13,007,590|  13,923,730|  14,817,213|  15,570,737|   4.42|   4.37|   4.29|     4.30|      4.25|   4.23
    Employee benefits .........   2,257,783|   2,963,991|   3,237,966|   3,455,390|   3,689,689|   3,925,820|   1.12|   1.16|   1.07|     1.07|      1.06|   1.07
    Purchased services ........     247,750|     384,908|     503,845|     573,003|     611,638|     667,707|   0.12|   0.15|   0.17|     0.18|      0.18|   0.18
    Supplies ..................     189,711|     256,857|     335,854|     337,651|     369,257|     406,456|   0.09|   0.10|   0.11|     0.10|      0.11|   0.11
    Other .....................      64,197|      68,943|      92,230|      91,519|      93,093|     109,978|   0.03|   0.03|   0.03|     0.03|      0.03|   0.03
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  Operation and maintenance ...  21,290,655|  25,724,062|  29,396,471|  31,190,295|  34,034,158|  34,829,109|  10.54|  10.08|   9.71|     9.63|      9.77|   9.45
    Salaries ..................   8,849,559|  10,454,854|  12,043,513|  12,745,457|  13,461,242|  14,118,349|   4.38|   4.10|   3.98|     3.94|      3.86|   3.83
    Employee benefits .........   2,633,075|   3,129,632|   3,356,516|   3,531,423|   3,778,520|   4,062,211|   1.30|   1.23|   1.11|     1.09|      1.08|   1.10
    Purchased services ........   5,721,125|   7,698,704|   8,392,938|   8,866,099|   9,642,217|   9,415,797|   2.83|   3.02|   2.77|     2.74|      2.77|   2.56
    Supplies ..................   3,761,738|   4,214,201|   5,383,275|   5,801,242|   6,871,845|   6,915,671|   1.86|   1.65|   1.78|     1.79|      1.97|   1.88
    Other .....................     325,157|     226,670|     220,230|     246,075|     280,334|     317,081|   0.16|   0.09|   0.07|     0.08|      0.08|   0.09
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  Student Transportation ......   8,678,954|  10,396,426|  12,224,454|  13,007,625|  14,052,654|  14,799,365|   4.30|   4.08|   4.04|     4.02|      4.03|   4.02
    Salaries ..................   3,285,127|   3,933,969|   4,729,823|   5,061,209|   5,406,092|   5,722,046|   1.63|   1.54|   1.56|     1.56|      1.55|   1.55
    Employee benefits .........     892,985|   1,207,961|   1,384,722|   1,464,249|   1,592,127|   1,729,600|   0.44|   0.47|   0.46|     0.45|      0.46|   0.47
    Purchased services ........   3,345,232|   4,257,805|   5,152,649|   5,331,435|   5,767,462|   6,146,165|   1.66|   1.67|   1.70|     1.65|      1.66|   1.67
    Supplies ..................     961,447|     836,450|     843,201|   1,034,323|   1,159,350|   1,005,933|   0.48|   0.33|   0.28|     0.32|      0.33|   0.27
    Other .....................     194,163|     160,239|     114,059|     116,410|     127,623|     195,622|   0.10|   0.06|   0.04|     0.04|      0.04|   0.05
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  Other support services\5\ ...   5,587,837|   7,039,408|   9,386,623|  10,188,917|  11,439,134|  12,417,794|   2.77|   2.76|   3.10|     3.15|      3.28|   3.37
    Salaries ..................   2,900,394|   3,450,836|   4,531,870|   4,930,099|   5,521,381|   5,949,629|   1.44|   1.35|   1.50|     1.52|      1.58|   1.62
    Employee benefits .........     980,859|   1,182,229|   1,312,958|   1,433,054|   1,594,540|   1,798,674|   0.49|   0.46|   0.43|     0.44|      0.46|   0.49
    Purchased services ........     798,922|   1,362,961|   2,165,433|   2,462,775|   2,783,176|   2,985,823|   0.40|   0.53|   0.71|     0.76|      0.80|   0.81
    Supplies ..................     294,527|     398,534|     520,522|     573,670|     626,889|     703,946|   0.15|   0.16|   0.17|     0.18|      0.18|   0.19
    Other .....................     613,135|     644,849|     855,840|     789,319|     913,148|     979,722|   0.30|   0.25|   0.28|     0.24|      0.26|   0.27
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  Food services ...............   8,430,490|  10,648,844|  12,277,510|  12,948,807|  13,816,635|  14,466,602|   4.17|   4.17|   4.05|     4.00|      3.97|   3.93
    Salaries ..................        --- |   3,844,285|   4,351,777|   4,606,262|   4,966,092|   5,131,696|   --- |   1.51|   1.44|     1.42|      1.43|   1.39
    Employee benefits .........        --- |   1,103,433|   1,205,889|   1,267,921|   1,381,923|   1,493,978|   --- |   0.43|   0.40|     0.39|      0.40|   0.41
    Purchased services ........        --- |     627,902|     824,232|     897,762|     923,091|   1,063,071|   --- |   0.25|   0.27|     0.28|      0.26|   0.29
    Supplies ..................        --- |   4,916,299|   5,764,444|   6,041,001|   6,420,201|   6,615,949|   --- |   1.93|   1.90|     1.87|      1.84|   1.80
    Other .....................        --- |     156,924|     131,168|     135,861|     125,327|     161,909|   --- |   0.06|   0.04|     0.04|      0.04|   0.04
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
  Enterprise operations\6\ ....     946,705|     777,937|     870,724|     818,172|     776,463|     805,133|   0.47|   0.30|   0.29|     0.25|      0.22|   0.22
    Salaries ..................        --- |     179,360|     189,482|     172,977|     124,913|     160,722|   --- |   0.07|   0.06|     0.05|      0.04|   0.04
    Employee benefits .........        --- |      44,545|      34,509|      35,276|      23,837|      33,423|   --- |   0.02|   0.01|     0.01|      0.01|   0.01
    Purchased services ........        --- |     183,288|     207,673|     181,666|     189,230|     183,664|   --- |   0.07|   0.07|     0.06|      0.05|   0.05
    Supplies ..................        --- |     269,046|     337,027|     286,309|     242,052|     261,100|   --- |   0.11|   0.11|     0.09|      0.07|   0.07
    Other .....................        --- |     101,697|     102,034|     141,943|     196,430|     166,225|   --- |   0.04|   0.03|     0.04|      0.06|   0.05
                             ______________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______|_______|_______|_________|__________|_______
Other current expenditures ....   3,295,717|   4,724,659|   5,242,618|   5,457,015|   6,063,700|   6,530,554|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
  Community services ..........     964,370|   1,728,669|   1,938,919|   2,151,043|   2,426,189|   2,642,514|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
  Private school programs ....      527,609|     781,148|     899,759|     961,203|   1,026,695|   1,108,942|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
  Adult education .............   1,365,523|   1,500,438|   1,589,147|   1,715,332|   1,838,265|   1,977,580|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
  Community colleges ..........       5,356|       7,746|         176|         265|         351|         400|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
  Other .......................     432,858|     706,657|     814,616|     629,172|     772,200|     801,118|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
                                           |            |            |            |            |            |       |       |       |         |          |
Capital outlay\7\ .............  19,771,478|  27,555,667|  39,522,710|  43,357,186|  46,220,704|  49,960,542|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
Interest on school debt .......   4,324,768|   6,259,480|   8,196,196|   9,135,445|  10,165,940|  10,495,301|     † |     † |     † |       † |        † |     †
___________________________________________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______|_______|_______|_________|__________|_______

---Not available.
†Not applicable.
\1\Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
\2\Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
\3\Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
\4\Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
\5\Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
\6\Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time). Includes very small amounts for direct program support made by state education agencies for local school districts.
\7\Includes expenditures for property, and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.

NOTE: Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, The Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990-91 through 2001-02. (This table was prepared April 2005.)