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Table 143. Percentage of schools with various security measures, by control and selected characteristics: 1999-2000

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                              |       Total schools      |                          Percent of schools with security measures
                              |__________________________|________________________________________________________________________________________
Selected school               |                | Percent-|  Required|     Daily|    Random|          |          |Daily pre-|     Video|   Violence
characteristic                |         Number | age dis-|   visitor|     metal|     metal|    Closed|      Drug|  sence of|  surveil-| prevention
                              |                |tribution|   sign-in|  detector|  detector|  lunch\2\|    sweeps| police or|     lance|    program
                              |                |         |          | checks\1\|    checks|          |          |  security|          |
______________________________|________________|_________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________
1                             |              2 |       3 |        4 |        5 |        6 |        7 |        8 |        9 |       10 |        11
______________________________|________________|_________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________
   Public total ..............|  84,735 (284.6)|    100.0|96.6(0.23)| 1.7(0.14)| 7.7(0.24)|89.7(0.34)|20.9(0.44)|23.4(0.42)|14.9(0.40)| 59.2(0.74)
                              |________________|_________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
School enrollment             |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Under 300 ..................|  24,626 (444.2)|     29.1|91.1(0.71)| 2.1(0.36)| 5.0(0.43)|82.2(0.96)|22.0(0.97)|12.7(0.91)| 9.7(0.76)| 53.0(1.33)
  300 to 499 .................|  22,733 (479.2)|     26.8|98.5(0.28)| 0.9(0.23)| 5.2(0.44)|91.9(0.57)|15.2(0.83)|12.5(0.75)|13.1(0.77)| 59.9(1.31)
  500 to 999 .................|  28,788 (428.8)|     34.0|99.1(0.18)| 1.3(0.18)| 8.5(0.45)|95.1(0.47)|19.7(0.65)|25.8(0.73)|15.6(0.72)| 62.2(1.22)
  1,000 to 1,499 .............|   5,454 (217.2)|      6.4|98.3(0.65)| 2.5(0.60)|17.3(1.49)|89.7(0.82)|35.6(1.57)|66.0(2.43)|30.1(1.71)| 62.9(2.07)
  1,500 or more ..............|   3,133 (109.8)|      3.7|99.4(0.24)| 5.9(1.35)|23.8(1.98)|82.2(1.29)|38.5(2.40)|90.3(1.76)|35.7(1.92)| 69.9(1.91)
                              |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
Percent of students eligible  |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
   for free or reduced-price  |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
   school lunch               |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Less than 15 ...............|  19,877 (454.7)|     23.5|95.1(0.64)| 0.3(0.09)| 3.6(0.36)|84.9(0.78)|20.4(0.83)|23.4(0.85)|16.7(0.96)| 54.4(1.61)
  15 to 29 ...................|  16,634 (458.7)|     19.6|96.7(0.46)| 0.6(0.17)| 4.6(0.45)|88.2(1.00)|21.1(0.98)|20.5(0.96)|14.9(0.93)| 55.5(1.47)
  30 to 49 ...................|  18,188 (449.1)|     21.5|96.9(0.59)| 1.3(0.34)| 6.9(0.65)|89.7(0.84)|23.0(1.22)|20.1(1.04)|13.0(0.77)| 61.1(1.61)
  50 to 74 ...................|  15,758 (405.9)|     18.6|96.7(0.54)| 2.2(0.35)|11.8(0.97)|92.7(0.63)|19.5(1.17)|21.3(1.08)|13.3(1.00)| 62.2(1.60)
  75 to 100 ..................|  14,279 (357.6)|     16.9|97.8(0.41)| 4.9(0.63)|13.4(0.83)|94.6(0.61)|20.2(1.30)|33.3(1.49)|16.4(1.12)| 64.5(1.60)
                              |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
Community type                |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Central city ...............|  20,395 (303.5)|     24.1|98.4(0.30)| 5.0(0.53)|14.2(0.83)|92.8(0.62)|15.1(0.86)|37.5(1.16)|15.5(0.81)| 65.8(1.47)
  Urban fringe/large town ....|  37,786 (412.5)|     44.6|98.2(0.33)| 0.6(0.12)| 4.9(0.32)|91.4(0.55)|16.7(0.51)|22.6(0.65)|15.0(0.67)| 57.5(1.01)
  Rural/small town ...........|  26,555 (352.3)|     31.3|92.8(0.55)| 0.7(0.09)| 6.7(0.35)|84.9(0.66)|31.3(1.03)|13.8(0.66)|14.1(0.68)| 56.7(1.20)
                              |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
Level\3\                      |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Elementary .................|  60,485 (249.8)|     71.4|96.8(0.27)| 0.8(0.14)| 5.0(0.27)|94.4(0.44)|10.0(0.49)|14.6 0.58 |10.9(0.51)| 59.2(0.93)
  Secondary ..................|  20,885 (189.9)|     24.6|96.4(0.50)| 3.1(0.27)|13.9(0.47)|77.3(0.82)|49.3(0.74)|48.1(0.82)|25.5(0.65)| 59.1(0.96)
  Combined ...................|   3,364 (154.0)|      4.0|93.4(1.15)| 8.5(2.07)|18.9(1.67)|82.0(2.30)|40.0(2.47)|28.6(2.37)|19.7(2.17)| 61.1(2.22)
                              |================|=========|==========|==========|==========|==========|==========|==========|==========|===========
   Private total .............|  27,223 (238.6)|   100.0 |80.7(1.12)| 0.6(0.21)| 0.8(0.18)|91.6(0.72)| 4.8(0.41)| 4.8(0.47)| 8.1(0.63)| 23.6(0.96)
                              |________________|_________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
School enrollment             |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Under 300 ..................|  21,890 (297.0)|    80.4 |78.2(1.38)| 0.7(0.27)| 0.8(0.21)|91.0(0.90)| 4.2(0.50)| 3.2(0.56)| 6.4(0.74)| 21.0(1.16)
  300 to 499 .................|   3,288 (132.7)|    12.1 |92.8(0.96)|   #  (†) |   # (†)  |95.3(0.91)| 4.3(0.73)| 7.1(1.08)|12.8(1.52)| 34.4(2.03)
  500 to 999 .................|   1,752  (96.3)|     6.4 |89.1(1.10)|   #  (†) |   # (†)  |92.9(1.33)|12.4(1.53)|14.2(1.30)|17.0(1.55)| 33.9(2.03)
  1,000 or more ..............|     293  (32.4)|     1.1 |81.7(4.67)|   #  (†) |   #  (†) |91.8(5.87)| 6.2(1.42)|42.0(5.40)|31.1(5.94)| 30.1(3.75)
                              |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
 Percent of students eligible |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
    or free or reduced-price  |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
    school lunch              |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Less than 15 ...............|  25,898 (280.2)|    95.1 |80.6(1.16)| 0.4(0.12)| 0.7(0.18)|91.8(0.73)| 4.2(0.40)| 5.0(0.49)| 7.9(0.67)| 22.8(0.92)
  15 to 29 ...................|     610  (92.9)|     2.2 |89.3(3.98)|   # (†)  |   #   (†)|93.5(3.18)|14.9(6.60)|   #  (†) | 5.8(3.17)| 39.4(7.98)
  30 percent or more .........|     715 (117.7)|     2.6 |77.8(7.57)| 7.3(5.53)| 5.5(2.60)|84.2(7.36)|15.5(5.57)| 1.9(1.13)|17.0(4.04)| 39.8(7.05)
                              |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
Community type                |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Central city ...............|  11,534 (241.4)|    42.4 |84.9(1.80)| 0.4(0.40)| 0.6(0.25)|92.5(1.04)| 3.9(0.47)| 6.0(0.68)|10.8(0.95)| 25.9(1.62)
  Urban fringe/large town ....|  10,860 (322.2)|    39.9 |83.3(1.63)| 0.9(0.28)| 1.2(0.38)|93.6(1.06)| 4.2(0.61)| 3.7(0.85)| 7.3(0.95)| 21.3(1.42)
  Rural/small town ...........|   4,829 (256.2)|    17.7 |64.9(3.31)|   #   (†)|   #   (†)|85.1(2.20)| 8.3(1.25)| 4.3(1.29)| 3.6(1.42)| 23.3(2.48)
                              |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
Level\3\                      |                |         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |
  Elementary .................|  16,562 (278.4)|    60.8 |80.7(1.70)| 0.3(0.31)| 0.2(0.11)|94.0(1.13)| 1.3(0.35)| 2.6(0.57)| 7.8(0.82)| 24.6(1.19)
  Secondary ..................|   2,583 (126.4)|     9.5 |80.7(2.08)|   # (†)  | 3.5(1.52)|84.7(2.64)|18.8(1.94)|15.9(2.71)|13.1(2.36)| 31.0(2.59)
  Combined ...................|   8,078 (276.2)|    29.7 |80.7(2.11)| 1.1(0.37)| 1.0(0.32)|88.9(1.48)| 7.3(1.01)| 5.7(0.89)| 7.2(1.01)| 19.1(1.72)
______________________________|________________|_________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________

†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
\1\All students must pass through a metal detector each day.
\2\All or most students are required to stay on school grounds during lunch.
\3\Elementary includes schools that have grade 6 or below, with no grade higher than 8; sec schools have no grade lower than 7; and combined schools have grades lower than 7 and higher than 8.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Questionnaire," "Private School Questionnaire," and "Charter Scho Questionnaire," 1999-2000. (This table was prepared November 2002.)