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Digest of Education Statistics
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Table 68. Highest degree earned, number of years teaching experience, and average class size for teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: 1999-2000

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                      |                   |   Percent of teachers, by highest degree |        Percent of teachers, by years       | Average class size\2\
                      |                   |                 earned\1\                |      of full-time teaching experience      |
                      |             Total |__________________________________________|____________________________________________|_____________________
State                 |         number of |Bachelor's|  Master's| Education| Doctor's|Less than 3|    3 to 9|  10 to 20|   Over 20|Elementary| Secondary
                      |          teachers |          |          |specialist|         |           |          |          |          |          |
                      |                   |          |          |      \3\ |         |           |          |          |          |          |
______________________|___________________|__________|__________|__________|_________|___________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
1                     |                 2 |        3 |        4 |        5 |       6 |         7 |        8 |        9 |       10 |       11 |       12
______________________|___________________|__________|__________|____________________|___________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
   United States .....|3,002,258(19,416.0)|52.0(0.40)|41.9(0.38)| 4.7(0.17)|0.7(0.06)|12.9 (0.27)|28.8(0.36)|28.5(0.33)|29.8(0.34)|21.1 (0.1)|23.6 (0.1)
                      |___________________|__________|__________|____________________|___________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
Alabama ..............|   50,605 (1,675.5)|41.2(1.59)|51.2(1.64)| 6.8(0.85)|0.2(0.10)|12.7 (0.83)|28.0(1.46)|32.3(1.50)|26.9(1.57)|18.6 (0.4)|22.2 (0.3)
Alaska ...............|    8,340   (279.2)|59.0(1.43)|36.9(1.24)| 2.1(0.28)|1.2(0.32)|15.6 (0.89)|31.0(1.34)|34.4(1.28)|18.9(1.16)|20.4 (0.3)|22.2 (0.7)
Arizona ..............|   48,557 (1,939.5)|50.8(1.72)|43.3(1.81)| 4.2(0.79)|1.1(0.37)|16.3 (1.54)|30.2(1.56)|31.9(2.07)|21.6(2.17)|24.3 (0.4)|25.9 (0.5)
Arkansas .............|   30,410   (807.2)|67.4(1.73)|29.0(1.63)| 2.1(0.41)|0.8(0.19)|10.6 (1.20)|25.4(1.71)|33.4(1.63)|30.6(1.51)|19.7 (0.3)|21.1 (0.7)
California ...........|  280,036 (8,100.7)|61.5(1.40)|30.3(1.36)| 6.5(0.70)|1.2(0.22)|15.1 (0.93)|33.9(1.43)|28.3(1.33)|22.7(1.16)|22.4 (0.4)|28.5 (0.3)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
Colorado .............|   42,352 (1,415.4)|45.8(1.86)|50.0(1.90)| 2.9(0.66)|0.8(0.28)|15.6 (1.21)|27.7(1.75)|27.1(1.48)|29.6(1.73)|23.1 (0.4)|24.6 (0.5)
Connecticut ..........|   42,178 (1,631.3)|16.7(1.04)|65.3(1.39)|15.6(1.06)|1.3(0.36)|11.5 (0.94)|26.7(1.25)|26.6(1.16)|35.2(1.38)|19.9 (0.3)|20.4 (0.3)
Delaware .............|    7,538   (911.1)|48.7(2.88)|43.5(2.47)| 4.9(1.16)|1.1(0.50)|11.4 (2.15)|36.3(2.06)|25.4(2.34)|26.9(2.83)|19.6 (0.4)|24.0 (0.8)
District of Columbia .|    5,712   (129.1)|41.8(1.28)|46.4(1.43)| 5.5(0.62)|5.0(0.76)|14.6 (1.25)|20.6(1.44)|23.2(1.50)|41.6(2.19)|21.6 (0.3)|21.3 (0.4)
Florida ..............|  128,634 (5,065.3)|61.0(1.87)|33.6(1.90)| 3.0(0.68)|1.2(0.39)|11.6 (0.95)|30.3(1.57)|28.8(1.35)|29.4(1.41)|23.3 (0.4)|26.6 (0.6)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
Georgia ..............|   88,161 (2,744.9)|50.1(2.10)|37.6(2.03)|10.8(1.18)|0.4(0.15)|13.0 (1.20)|33.4(2.19)|27.6(1.77)|26.0(1.81)|19.8 (0.5)|24.4 (0.5)
Hawaii ...............|   12,112   (228.3)|50.2(1.91)|23.9(1.64)|24.6(1.62)|0.6(0.26)|16.0 (1.45)|33.4(1.66)|24.8(1.88)|25.8(1.33)|23.2 (0.3)|24.3 (0.3)
Idaho ................|   14,451   (207.5)|70.3(0.83)|26.7(0.82)| 1.3(0.19)|1.2(0.20)|13.0 (0.73)|27.3(1.00)|31.6(0.76)|28.1(1.08)|22.0 (0.3)|22.7 (0.3)
Illinois .............|  137,213 (3,796.9)|46.8(2.23)|48.9(1.82)| 3.3(0.71)|0.8(0.30)|11.6 (1.01)|27.2(1.38)|26.5(1.40)|34.6(1.63)|22.2 (0.5)|23.8 (0.3)
Indiana ..............|   61,184 (1,325.4)|31.8(1.36)|63.6(1.39)| 4.2(0.57)|0.2(0.10)|11.1 (1.06)|24.5(1.50)|23.4(1.33)|41.1(1.81)|21.2 (0.5)|23.1 (0.3)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
Iowa .................|   38,116   (934.5)|66.0(1.77)|32.3(1.74)| 1.4(0.41)|  ‡   (†)|10.5 (1.00)|26.2(1.30)|26.9(1.39)|36.4(1.51)|19.9 (0.4)|21.9 (0.6)
Kansas ...............|   34,134   (790.3)|60.9(1.54)|36.8(1.57)| 1.8(0.36)|  ‡   (†)|15.7 (1.26)|25.9(1.71)|31.3(1.54)|27.1(1.31)|18.3 (0.4)|20.9 (0.3)
Kentucky .............|   42,879 (1,134.3)|27.5(1.72)|54.0(2.09)|16.9(1.32)|1.2(0.46)|10.1 (0.85)|31.3(1.66)|33.5(1.33)|25.1(1.52)|20.7 (0.4)|23.6 (0.4)
Louisiana ............|   50,806 (2,093.3)|63.7(2.82)|29.3(2.74)| 6.2(1.22)|0.4(0.18)|10.3 (2.06)|30.6(2.90)|31.0(2.73)|28.2(2.90)|18.8 (0.5)|22.6 (0.5)
Maine ................|   17,536   (592.0)|66.3(1.20)|29.2(1.21)| 2.7(0.43)|  ‡   (†)|10.5 (0.86)|20.3(1.38)|32.8(1.66)|36.4(1.51)|17.9 (0.4)|18.5 (0.2)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
Maryland .............|   54,583 (1,421.7)|45.3(2.03)|48.5(2.21)| 5.0(0.94)|0.5(0.08)|13.9 (1.43)|30.8(1.93)|25.3(1.97)|30.0(2.00)|22.1 (0.6)|25.7 (0.3)
Massachusetts ........|   78,260 (2,543.8)|38.6(2.02)|54.8(1.82)| 3.5(0.56)|1.6(0.40)|11.9 (0.89)|24.9(1.44)|24.9(1.64)|38.3(1.41)|20.8 (0.4)|21.4 (0.3)
Michigan .............|  100,232 (4,327.5)|42.7(2.03)|52.2(1.91)| 4.4(0.80)|0.4(0.22)|13.2 (1.17)|30.5(1.63)|25.3(1.55)|31.0(1.75)|21.9 (0.8)|25.2 (0.4)
Minnesota ............|   57,791 (4,131.4)|54.4(2.15)|40.8(2.23)| 4.5(1.08)|  ‡   (†)|16.4 (1.38)|28.1(1.76)|25.0(1.78)|30.5(1.71)|21.7 (0.4)|25.3 (0.5)
Mississippi ..........|   33,097   (978.5)|58.1(1.50)|37.0(1.42)| 3.9(0.58)|0.4(0.10)|11.7 (0.81)|24.4(1.29)|33.5(1.18)|30.4(1.33)|20.3 (0.3)|22.3 (0.3)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
Missouri .............|   64,094 (1,967.1)|49.2(2.44)|46.6(2.14)| 2.6(0.51)|0.3(0.22)|15.1 (1.37)|31.4(2.91)|26.6(2.15)|26.9(2.12)|20.7 (0.6)|21.0 (0.4)
Montana ..............|   11,937   (364.0)|70.4(1.27)|25.7(1.23)| 2.8(0.33)|0.6(0.20)|10.9 (0.74)|25.9(1.23)|33.4(1.03)|29.8(1.34)|17.9 (0.3)|20.1 (0.4)
Nebraska .............|   23,119   (810.3)|59.2(1.46)|38.8(1.45)| 1.7(0.34)|0.2(0.12)|10.6 (0.88)|25.2(1.20)|30.5(1.14)|33.6(1.12)|17.2 (0.2)|21.4 (0.6)
Nevada ...............|   17,273   (710.1)|52.4(1.41)|43.9(1.31)| 2.7(0.52)|  ‡   (†)|14.9 (1.14)|35.1(1.62)|25.7(1.67)|24.3(1.70)|20.6 (0.3)|27.4 (0.6)
New Hampshire ........|   14,985   (603.5)|51.9(2.40)|44.4(2.36)| 2.4(0.75)|0.8(0.34)|15.1 (1.77)|22.4(1.87)|31.5(2.28)|31.0(2.25)|19.9 (0.5)|21.9 (0.6)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
New Jersey ...........|   98,310 (2,148.3)|58.4(1.84)|34.7(1.85)| 6.4(0.75)|0.3(0.08)|11.7 (1.07)|25.1(1.42)|26.0(1.42)|37.1(1.59)|20.2 (0.3)|21.4 (0.3)
New Mexico ...........|   21,188   (866.7)|56.1(2.89)|39.1(3.18)| 2.7(0.99)|1.1(0.54)|12.5 (1.86)|38.6(2.91)|26.5(2.44)|22.4(2.62)|19.8 (0.6)|23.3 (0.5)
New York .............|  208,313 (5,519.9)|21.8(1.59)|68.4(1.63)| 8.3(1.02)|1.5(0.46)|14.1 (1.32)|25.3(1.71)|27.6(1.30)|33.0(2.02)|21.8 (0.6)|22.9 (0.5)
North Carolina .......|   86,020 (2,587.9)|67.5(2.21)|29.5(2.12)| 1.0(0.39)|0.4(0.17)|17.2 (1.47)|28.5(2.48)|25.2(1.73)|29.1(2.23)|20.8 (0.5)|22.4 (0.5)
North Dakota .........|    9,252   (358.3)|77.8(0.88)|20.0(0.89)| 1.4(0.26)|0.3(0.10)|12.1 (0.75)|25.1(1.22)|30.4(1.32)|32.3(1.32)|17.4 (0.4)|18.7 (0.3)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
Ohio .................|  123,370 (4,136.8)|50.4(1.80)|45.7(2.01)| 2.1(0.61)|0.6(0.31)|12.0 (0.97)|26.4(1.44)|29.0(1.77)|32.6(2.13)|22.8 (0.5)|23.9 (0.7)
Oklahoma .............|   45,830 (1,644.1)|63.5(1.84)|33.3(1.78)| 2.6(0.67)|0.4(0.27)|10.6 (1.39)|30.9(1.86)|32.1(2.09)|26.4(1.66)|18.7 (0.5)|22.2 (0.5)
Oregon ...............|   28,584 (1,475.4)|50.0(2.74)|46.5(2.82)| 2.6(0.50)|0.7(0.15)|14.0 (1.34)|28.2(2.23)|32.7(1.85)|25.1(2.08)|23.7 (0.5)|25.6 (0.5)
Pennsylvania .........|  126,915 (4,490.8)|49.5(2.27)|45.2(2.27)| 4.1(0.97)|0.3(0.12)| 9.7 (1.20)|25.2(1.84)|27.5(1.68)|37.6(2.08)|22.2 (0.6)|23.2 (0.7)
Rhode Island .........|   11,616   (295.0)|43.7(0.96)|51.7(0.98)| 4.3(0.55)|  ‡   (†)| 9.4 (0.53)|26.2(0.92)|30.7(1.03)|33.8(0.88)|19.8 (0.3)|21.0 (0.2)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
South Carolina .......|   43,754 (1,378.2)|48.0(1.82)|43.3(1.88)| 6.9(0.91)|0.4(0.09)|12.0 (1.21)|28.1(1.73)|31.0(2.32)|29.0(1.91)|17.8 (0.4)|22.4 (0.3)
South Dakota .........|   11,708   (372.0)|75.4(1.51)|23.2(1.56)| 0.6(0.11)|  ‡   (†)|12.9 (0.88)|25.7(1.40)|35.5(1.08)|26.0(1.34)|18.6 (0.4)|19.6 (0.3)
Tennessee ............|   58,296 (2,258.9)|50.9(2.05)|41.1(2.09)| 6.1(1.09)|1.0(0.40)|13.9 (1.41)|30.7(2.23)|27.0(2.33)|28.4(2.23)|19.6 (0.4)|24.1 (0.4)
Texas ................|  266,661 (8,947.2)|69.7(1.45)|27.1(1.38)| 2.2(0.44)|0.3(0.08)|12.5 (1.22)|32.4(1.32)|31.2(1.85)|23.9(1.27)|18.3 (0.3)|22.3 (0.5)
Utah .................|   23,346   (934.5)|70.4(1.69)|23.5(1.75)| 3.2(0.59)|0.9(0.37)|15.6 (1.58)|31.5(2.06)|31.9(2.08)|21.0(1.85)|23.6 (0.3)|27.3 (0.6)
                      |                   |          |          |          |         |           |          |          |          |          |
Vermont ..............|    9,186   (450.8)|49.3(2.74)|46.1(2.35)| 4.4(1.09)|  ‡   (†)|16.5 (2.12)|24.2(2.64)|29.1(2.59)|30.2(2.23)|17.8 (0.6)|19.1 (0.8)
Virginia .............|   80,987 (5,065.7)|55.4(1.84)|40.8(1.63)| 1.9(0.42)|0.9(0.26)|13.3 (0.86)|28.1(1.43)|28.8(1.39)|29.8(1.36)|19.4 (0.5)|21.9 (0.4)
Washington ...........|   54,816 (1,742.5)|46.0(1.61)|46.8(1.56)| 5.1(0.57)|1.5(0.39)|11.6 (0.91)|28.7(1.55)|31.6(1.41)|28.2(1.28)|23.7 (0.4)|26.2 (0.4)
West Virginia ........|   22,571   (634.8)|37.5(1.70)|55.6(1.84)| 5.3(0.73)|0.6(0.21)| 5.6 (0.62)|14.7(1.33)|31.0(1.75)|48.8(1.56)|19.0 (0.4)|21.1 (0.3)
Wisconsin ............|   67,362 (2,950.5)|56.5(1.84)|39.6(1.69)| 3.2(0.92)|0.4(0.24)|12.8 (1.25)|28.7(1.57)|26.4(1.77)|32.2(1.60)|20.8 (0.4)|23.6 (0.4)
Wyoming ..............|    7,848   (309.1)|69.8(1.82)|28.2(1.81)| 1.2(0.25)|0.7(0.25)|10.4 (0.78)|23.5(1.31)|33.5(1.74)|32.6(1.57)|17.7 (0.3)|20.4 (0.6)
______________________|___________________|__________|__________|____________________|___________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________

†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met.
\1\Teachers with less than a bachelor's degree are not shown separately.
\2\Elementary teachers are those who taught self-contained classes at the elementary level and secondary teachers are those who taught departmentalized classes (e.g., science, art, social science, or other course subjects) at the secondary level. Excludes special education teachers. Teachers were classified as elementary or secondary on the basis of the grades they taught, rather than on the level of the school in which they taught.
\3\Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.

NOTE: Data are based on a head count of all teachers rather than on the number of full-time-equivalent teachers appearing in other tables. Excludes prekindergarten teachers. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding, cell supression, and omitted categories (less than bachelor's).

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public Teacher Questionnaire," and "Charter Teacher Questionnaire," 1999-2000. (This table was prepared April 2003.)