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Digest of Education Statistics
2004 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 46. Children of prekindergarten through second grade age, by enrollment status, maternal characteristics, and household income: 1995, 1999, and 2001

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |          3- to 5-year-olds,           |        Enrolled in nursery         |     Enrolled in kindergarten      |        Enrolled in 1st grade      |        Enrolled in 2nd grade
Maternal                            |             not enrolled              |     school or prekindergarten      |___________________________________|___________________________________|___________________________________
characteristic                      |              in school                |____________________________________|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
and household income                |_______________________________________|           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
                                    |             |            |            |           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
                                    |        1995 |        1999|      2001\1|      1995 |        199|      2001\1|      1995 |        199|     2001\1|      1995 |        199|     2001\1|      1995 |        199|     2001\1\
____________________________________|_____________|____________|____________|___________|___________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
1                                   |            2|          3 |           4|          5|         6 |           7|          8|          9|         10|         11|         12|         13|         14|         15|         16
____________________________________|_____________|____________|____________|___________|___________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
Total children, in thousands .......|  4,586 (102)|4,037    (3)| 3,990   (3)|4,642 (105)|4,510   (4)| 4,586  (#) |4,149  (76)|3,948  (#) |3,831  (#) |4,025  (77)|4,540  (#) |4,333  (#) |3,777  (73)|4,083  (#) |3,934  (#)
                                    |             |            |            |           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Percentage distribution             |             |            |            |           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Mother's highest level              |             |            |            |           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
   of education\2\ .................|  100.0  (†) |100.0   (†) | 100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) | 100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†)
  Less than high school ............|   16.3(1.27)| 14.7 (1.07)|  16.4(1.26)|  6.8(0.78)|  7.4(0.72)|   8.0(1.26)| 13.4(0.93)| 10.6(1.09)| 10.7(1.31)| 12.3(0.99)| 12.4(1.15)| 11.7(1.28)| 15.0(0.81)| 12.6(1.02)| 13.5(1.26)
  High school/GED ..................|   41.1(1.51)| 36.2 (1.61)|  39.7(1.59)| 30.7(1.27)| 26.1(1.17)|  26.1(1.59)| 36.4(1.19)| 32.4(1.54)| 30.3(1.86)| 34.9(1.53)| 31.2(1.48)| 30.3(2.17)| 35.6(1.44)| 30.8(1.61)| 32.8(2.11)
  Vocational/technical or           |             |            |            |           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
    some college ...................|   21.3(1.34)| 23.3 (1.32)|  19.1(1.30)| 22.7(1.01)| 22.8(1.17)|  24.6(1.30)| 21.7(1.00)| 22.8(1.37)| 23.5(1.84)| 23.6(1.29)| 23.8(1.48)| 24.3(1.87)| 20.6(0.94)| 23.5(1.42)| 22.5(2.18)
  Associate's degree ...............|    7.0(0.79)|  7.0 (0.68)|   5.9(0.67)|  8.6(0.72)|  9.6(0.66)|   7.7(0.67)|  7.0(0.68)|  8.3(0.91)|  7.6(1.18)|  7.3(0.81)|  7.9(0.79)|  7.5(1.01)|  7.6(0.60)| 10.3(1.04)|  7.5(0.92)
  Bachelor's degree ................|   11.3(0.86)| 14.7 (1.03)|  14.0(1.16)| 22.0(1.10)| 23.7(1.12)|  22.5(1.16)| 15.1(0.98)| 17.0(1.12)| 20.8(1.58)| 15.7(1.02)| 17.8(1.07)| 19.5(1.68)| 15.0(0.94)| 16.1(1.14)| 15.8(1.70)
  Graduate/professional degree .....|    3.0(0.48)|  4.0 (0.47)|   5.0(0.63)|  9.1(0.70)| 10.3(0.77)|  11.1(0.63)|  6.3(0.69)|  8.9(0.79)|  7.1(1.02)|  6.3(0.49)|  6.9(0.77)|  6.7(1.04)|  6.2(0.67)|  6.6(0.78)|  7.9(1.28)
                                    |             |            |            |           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Mother's employment status\2\ ......|  100.0  (†) |100.0   (†) | 100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) | 100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†)
  Working 35 hours/week or more ....|   33.4(1.45)| 36.1 (1.61)|  36.7(1.55)| 38.5(1.13)| 42.7(1.52)|  43.7(1.18)| 35.9(1.05)| 43.6(1.55)| 38.9(1.99)| 38.5(1.49)| 43.4(1.63)| 46.1(2.33)| 40.5(1.17)| 44.5(1.57)| 42.3(2.30)
  Working less than 35 hours/week ..|   17.8(1.23)| 21.0 (1.25)|  19.2(1.30)| 23.7(1.08)| 23.3(1.13)|  22.8(1.00)| 20.8(1.10)| 22.2(1.24)| 22.6(1.57)| 20.8(1.10)| 23.4(1.46)| 19.7(1.59)| 21.4(1.19)| 22.1(1.30)| 20.1(1.60)
  Looking for work .................|    6.8(0.83)|  5.9 (0.75)|   5.7(0.75)|  5.8(0.71)|  4.9(0.66)|   3.9(0.55)|  5.6(0.70)|  5.3(0.81)|  3.9(0.87)|  5.0(0.66)|  4.4(0.74)|  4.1(0.89)|  5.4(0.70)|  4.0(0.65)|  5.1(1.09)
  Not in labor force ...............|   42.0(1.68)| 36.9 (1.31)|  38.4(1.48)| 32.0(1.28)| 29.2(1.27)|  29.6(1.27)| 37.7(1.18)| 28.9(1.38)| 34.7(2.16)| 35.6(1.57)| 28.8(1.42)| 30.1(2.05)| 32.7(1.30)| 29.5(1.56)| 32.5(2.22)
                                    |             |            |            |           |           |            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Household income  ..................|  100.0  (†) |100.0   (†) | 100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) | 100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†) |100.0  (†)
  $10,000 or less ..................|   22.7(1.21)| 14.5 (1.05)|  14.1(1.07)| 16.1(1.06)| 10.8(0.90)|   8.5(0.81)| 19.4(1.24)| 13.4(1.16)|  8.5(1.22)| 17.4(1.19)| 15.6(1.14)|  9.1(1.18)| 19.5(1.34)| 14.7(1.38)|  9.4(1.07)
  $10,001 to $20,000 ...............|   15.7(1.08)| 19.5 (1.05)|  14.5(1.19)| 10.4(0.78)| 12.6(0.82)|  12.7(0.87)| 12.6(0.87)| 13.2(1.14)| 14.1(1.51)| 13.2(0.90)| 13.8(1.09)| 14.0(1.45)| 11.6(0.84)| 15.3(1.10)| 12.4(1.33)
  $20,001 to $30,000 ...............|   19.1(1.12)| 17.3 (1.24)|  15.0(0.94)| 13.1(0.81)| 14.1(0.83)|  11.7(0.74)| 15.8(0.76)| 15.3(1.10)| 16.6(1.41)| 16.6(0.91)| 15.2(1.14)| 16.5(1.71)| 16.5(1.05)| 16.2(1.16)| 14.7(1.54)
  $30,001 to $40,000 ...............|   16.2(1.00)| 14.6 (1.16)|  13.6(1.07)| 12.4(0.91)| 11.4(0.69)|   9.7(0.79)| 15.1(1.12)| 14.6(1.23)| 12.2(1.29)| 14.1(0.85)| 12.8(1.08)| 10.3(1.16)| 16.1(0.94)| 11.3(0.96)| 12.4(1.33)
  $40,001 to $50,000 ...............|   11.0(0.74)|  9.9 (0.85)|  12.0(1.05)| 11.5(0.96)|  9.9(0.66)|   7.5(0.68)| 11.7(0.88)|  9.8(0.92)|  9.1(1.16)| 11.1(0.77)| 10.2(0.94)|  9.7(1.34)| 11.3(0.92)| 10.4(0.92)|  9.2(1.08)
  $50,001 to $75,000 ...............|   10.5(0.69)| 12.9 (0.83)|  18.8(1.31)| 19.3(0.93)| 19.4(1.03)|  21.2(1.09)| 14.4(0.82)| 15.9(1.11)| 20.9(1.68)| 15.6(0.84)| 16.1(0.95)| 18.3(1.41)| 15.0(1.00)| 15.2(1.03)| 19.6(1.80)
  More than $75,000 ................|    4.7(0.70)| 11.3 (0.88)|  12.1(0.99)| 17.2(1.06)| 21.9(1.05)|  28.7(1.09)| 11.1(0.62)| 17.8(1.10)| 18.6(1.30)| 12.1(0.73)| 16.4(1.11)| 22.1(1.86)| 10.1(0.79)| 16.9(1.18)| 22.3(1.78)
____________________________________|_____________|____________|____________|___________|___________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
\1\Table includes a very small number of older children enrolled in first and second grade and excludes children for whom no grade equivalency was available.
\2\Excludes data for households with no mother present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey (ECPP:1995), Parent Survey (Parent-NHES:1999), Early Childhood Program Participation Survey (ECPP-NHES:2001), and Before- and After-School Programs and Activities Survey (ASPA-NHES:2001) of The National Household Surveys Program, and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared July 2005.)