Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2001 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 312. Percent of colleges and universities using various selection criteria for admission, by type and control of institution: 1990-91 to 1999-2000

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                       | All institutions|Public institutions|              Private institutions
                       |_________________|___________________|_____________________________________________________
  Selection criteria   |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |  Not-for-profit | For-profit
                       |Total| 4-  | 2-  |Total | 4-  |  2-  |Total| 4-  | 2-  |_________________|_________________
                       |     |year |year |      |year | year |     |year |year |     | 4-  | 2-  |     | 4-  | 2-
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |Total|year |year |Total|year |year
_______________________|_____|_____|_____|______|_____|______|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____
           1           |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5   |  6  |  7   |  8  |  9  | 10  | 11  | 12  | 13  | 14  | 15  | 16
_______________________|_____|_____|_____|______|_____|______|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____
  High school diploma  |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............|91.6 |94.2 |88.3 | 88.9 |96.0 | 84.9 |94.1 |93.4 |96.0 |93.7 |93.4 |95.6 |95.7 |92.9 |96.3
1995-96 ...............|91.4 |93.9 |88.1 | 88.2 |95.8 | 84.1 |94.3 |93.1 |98.3 |93.4 |92.7 |97.8 |98.5 |98.0 |98.7
1996-97 ...............|92.3 |94.5 |89.8 | 88.2 |96.1 | 84.0 |95.6 |93.9 |99.4 |94.2 |93.5 |98.9 |99.2 |97.6 |99.6
1997-98 ...............|92.3 |94.6 |89.7 | 88.2 |96.5 | 83.8 |95.6 |93.9 |99.4 |94.2 |93.6 |98.9 |98.9 |96.5 |99.6
1998-99 ...............|92.4 |94.9 |89.4 | 88.2 |97.0 | 83.6 |95.6 |94.1 |99.1 |94.3 |93.7 |98.8 |98.6 |97.0 |99.2
1999-2000 .............|92.6 |95.1 |89.6 | 88.4 |97.0 | 83.7 |95.8 |94.3 |99.2 |94.5 |94.0 |98.7 |98.7 |96.6 |99.4
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
   High school class   |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
    class standing     |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............|43.4 |66.1 |13.5 | 31.7 |69.5 | 10.3 |53.7 |64.7 |20.7 |63.6 |67.2 |35.8 |11.7 |10.7 |11.9
1995-96 ...............|42.8 |65.0 |12.8 | 30.6 |71.4 |  8.4 |53.7 |62.4 |24.0 |63.0 |66.6 |37.5 |11.8 | 8.8 |13.2
1996-97 ...............|39.0 |64.2 |10.5 | 29.0 |70.1 |  7.5 |47.1 |61.9 |15.5 |62.5 |66.9 |31.7 | 9.3 | 9.7 | 9.2
1997-98 ...............|38.5 |63.3 |10.0 | 28.8 |69.9 |  7.4 |46.2 |60.6 |14.5 |62.1 |66.3 |31.6 | 8.5 | 9.8 | 8.1
1998-99 ...............|38.1 |62.5 | 9.1 | 28.2 |68.9 |  6.6 |45.7 |60.0 |13.4 |62.4 |66.5 |29.9 | 8.2 | 9.6 | 7.7
1999-2000 .............|37.6 |61.7 | 8.6 | 28.1 |68.4 |  6.4 |44.8 |59.2 |12.3 |62.6 |66.1 |32.0 | 6.8 | 7.9 | 6.4
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
Admissions test scores |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............|68.8 |86.5 |45.6 | 59.2 |93.1 | 40.0 |77.3 |83.7 |58.3 |82.6 |85.4 |61.0 |54.9 |46.4 |56.7
1995-96 ...............|68.3 |84.3 |46.7 | 58.7 |93.1 | 40.0 |76.8 |80.7 |63.6 |80.4 |82.6 |64.7 |60.9 |56.9 |62.7
1996-97 ...............|67.2 |84.6 |47.6 | 57.3 |92.4 | 38.9 |75.2 |81.4 |62.1 |81.1 |83.6 |63.4 |60.8 |58.1 |61.5
1997-98 ...............|66.9 |83.7 |47.4 | 57.2 |92.4 | 38.7 |74.5 |80.3 |61.8 |80.7 |82.8 |65.5 |59.9 |58.0 |60.4
1998-99 ...............|67.9 |84.1 |48.6 | 58.4 |92.2 | 40.4 |75.2 |81.0 |62.1 |81.7 |83.7 |65.9 |60.6 |59.9 |60.8
1999-2000 .............|68.1 |84.3 |48.8 | 58.3 |92.8 | 39.8 |75.6 |81.0 |63.6 |82.2 |83.7 |69.3 |61.5 |60.7 |61.8
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
  TOEFL or equivalent  |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............|73.5 |85.0 |58.4 | 76.1 |88.2 | 69.3 |71.1 |83.7 |33.6 |81.4 |84.5 |57.2 |27.6 |66.1 |19.6
1995-96 ...............|76.5 |87.1 |62.3 | 77.5 |91.5 | 69.8 |75.7 |85.2 |43.2 |81.9 |85.6 |55.4 |47.9 |80.4 |33.3
1996-97 ...............|72.3 |87.1 |55.5 | 76.7 |91.2 | 69.1 |68.8 |85.5 |32.9 |82.9 |86.9 |55.2 |34.0 |71.0 |24.1
1997-98 ...............|71.8 |86.5 |54.8 | 76.5 |91.9 | 68.4 |68.0 |84.4 |32.3 |82.4 |86.1 |55.4 |34.0 |68.5 |23.8
1998-99 ...............|73.1 |87.0 |56.7 | 78.8 |91.7 | 72.0 |68.6 |85.1 |31.4 |83.4 |87.0 |54.9 |35.5 |70.7 |23.3
1999-2000 .............|73.9 |88.1 |57.0 | 80.6 |95.3 | 72.7 |68.8 |85.3 |31.2 |83.5 |86.7 |55.3 |37.4 |75.3 |24.1
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
       Residence       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............|10.2 | 8.4 |12.6 | 20.3 |24.9 | 17.7 | 1.3 | 1.4 | 0.9 | 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.3 | 0.6 | 0.0 | 0.7
1995-96 ...............|10.4 | 8.2 |13.4 | 20.8 |25.4 | 18.3 | 1.1 | 1.1 | 1.0 | 1.2 | 1.2 | 1.1 | 0.9 | 1.0 | 0.9
1996-97 ...............| 9.4 | 8.2 |10.7 | 19.6 |25.0 | 16.7 | 1.2 | 1.4 | 0.8 | 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.1 | 0.7 | 0.8 | 0.6
1997-98 ...............| 9.3 | 8.2 |10.7 | 19.7 |25.4 | 16.7 | 1.1 | 1.4 | 0.6 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.1 | 0.6 | 1.4 | 0.4
1998-99 ...............| 8.9 | 7.8 |10.2 | 19.1 |24.9 | 16.0 | 0.9 | 1.1 | 0.5 | 1.2 | 1.2 | 0.6 | 0.3 | 0.0 | 0.4
1999-2000 .............| 8.7 | 8.0 | 9.6 | 18.4 |25.1 | 14.8 | 1.3 | 1.4 | 0.9 | 1.5 | 1.5 | 1.3 | 0.7 | 0.6 | 0.8
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
  Ability to benefit   |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............|51.5 |48.0 |56.0 | 47.1 |32.5 | 55.4 |55.3 |54.6 |57.3 |56.1 |55.9 |57.2 |51.8 |25.0 |57.4
1995-96 ...............|51.1 |48.8 |54.2 | 52.0 |34.3 | 61.6 |50.3 |54.7 |35.7 |55.9 |57.3 |45.7 |25.5 |20.6 |27.6
1996-97 ...............|49.1 |48.3 |50.0 | 52.1 |34.3 | 61.3 |46.8 |54.0 |31.2 |55.8 |57.8 |42.1 |24.5 |15.3 |26.9
1997-98 ...............|48.8 |47.9 |49.8 | 52.1 |34.3 | 61.4 |46.2 |53.3 |30.7 |55.5 |57.4 |41.8 |24.2 |16.1 |26.7
1998-99 ...............|48.7 |48.2 |49.2 | 52.6 |34.6 | 62.1 |45.6 |53.5 |27.8 |56.2 |58.0 |42.1 |21.8 |18.6 |22.9
1999-2000 .............|48.4 |48.2 |48.6 | 52.6 |34.6 | 62.3 |45.2 |53.5 |26.2 |56.9 |58.4 |43.3 |20.1 |17.4 |21.1
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
          Age          |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............|15.8 | 6.6 |27.9 | 26.0 |10.5 | 34.7 | 6.8 | 5.0 |12.4 | 5.0 | 4.4 | 9.4 |14.7 |17.9 |14.1
1995-96 ...............|16.2 | 6.1 |29.7 | 27.3 | 9.4 | 37.1 | 6.3 | 4.8 |11.2 | 4.3 | 3.6 | 8.7 |15.2 |19.6 |13.2
1996-97 ...............|16.9 | 6.2 |28.9 | 27.7 | 8.8 | 37.6 | 8.1 | 5.1 |14.4 | 4.0 | 3.4 | 8.2 |18.2 |23.4 |16.9
1997-98 ...............|17.1 | 6.4 |29.4 | 28.1 | 8.8 | 38.2 | 8.4 | 5.4 |14.9 | 3.9 | 3.4 | 7.9 |18.9 |23.8 |17.5
1998-99 ...............|17.0 | 6.1 |29.9 | 28.2 | 6.9 | 39.5 | 8.3 | 5.8 |14.1 | 3.8 | 3.3 | 7.9 |18.5 |25.1 |16.3
1999-2000 .............|17.0 | 6.4 |29.6 | 28.4 | 8.0 | 39.4 | 8.2 | 5.8 |13.8 | 3.7 | 3.1 | 8.7 |17.9 |25.3 |15.3
                       |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
    Open admission     |     |     |     |      |     |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |
1990-91 ...............| 5.8 | 1.0 |12.0 | 10.8 | 1.8 | 15.9 | 1.3 | 0.7 | 3.3 | 1.2 | 0.7 | 5.0 | 2.1 | 1.8 | 2.2
1995-96 ...............|18.2 | 4.4 |36.9 | 33.4 | 6.2 | 48.2 | 4.8 | 3.7 | 8.3 | 5.1 | 4.0 |12.5 | 3.3 | 0.0 | 4.8
1996-97 ...............|19.1 | 4.7 |35.4 | 37.2 | 6.5 | 53.3 | 4.4 | 3.9 | 5.5 | 5.0 | 4.2 |10.4 | 3.0 | 0.8 | 3.6
1997-98 ...............|19.0 | 4.7 |35.4 | 37.5 | 6.5 | 53.6 | 4.4 | 4.0 | 5.3 | 5.0 | 4.3 | 9.6 | 3.0 | 0.7 | 3.8
1998-99 ...............|20.8 | 5.1 |39.4 | 41.5 | 6.7 | 60.0 | 4.7 | 4.5 | 5.3 | 4.9 | 4.4 | 8.5 | 4.3 | 4.8 | 4.2
1999-2000 .............|21.6 | 5.3 |41.1 | 43.2 | 7.5 | 62.4 | 5.0 | 4.4 | 6.4 | 4.9 | 4.4 | 9.3 | 5.4 | 5.1 | 5.6
_______________________|_____|_____|_____|______|_____|______|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____

NOTE: Data for 1990-91 and 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education. Institutions of higher education were accredited by an agency or association that was recognized by the U.S. Department of Education, or recognized directly by the Secretary. The new degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, except that it includes some additional institutions, primarily 2-year colleges, and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not award associate or higher degrees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Institutional Characteristics" surveys. (This table was prepared September 2000.)


2001 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest