Skip Navigation
Click to open navigation

References

Addington, L. (2005). Disentangling the Effects of Bounding and Mobility on Reports of Criminal Victimization. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 21(3): 321–343.

Anderson, M., Kaufman, J., Simon, T., Barrios, L., Paulozzi, L., Ryan, G., Hammond, R., Modzeleski, W., Feucht, T., Potter, L., and the School-Associated Violent Deaths Study Group. (2001). School-Associated Violent Deaths in the United States, 1994–1999. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286: 2695–2702.

Beauvais, F., Chavez, E., Oetting, E., Deffenbacher, J., and Cornell, G. (1996). Drug Use, Violence, and Victimization Among White American, Mexican American, and American Indian Dropouts, Students With Academic Problems, and Students in Good Academic Standing. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43: 292–299.

Brener, N.D., Kann, L., and McManus, T. (2003). A Comparison of Two Survey Questions on Race and Ethnicity Among High School Students. Public Opinion Quarterly, 67: 227–236.

Brookmeyer, K.A., Fanti, K.A., and Henrich, C.C. (2006). Schools, Parents, and Youth Violence: A Multilevel, Ecological Analysis. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35(4): 504–514.

Cantor, D., and Lynch, J.P. (2000). Self-Report Surveys as Measures of Crime and Criminal Victimization. In D. Duffee (Ed.), Measurement and Analysis of Crime and Justice (pp. 85–138). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2001). Temporal Variations in School-Associated Student Homicide and Suicide Events—United States, 1992–1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 50(31): 657–660.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). School-Associated Student Homicides—United States, 1992–2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2008, 57(02): 33–36. Retrieved July 15, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5702a1.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016a). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2015. Surveillance Summaries. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2016, 65(6). Retrieved November 2016 from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2015/ss6506_updated.pdf.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016b). Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health-Related Behaviors Among Students in Grades 9–12—United States and Selected Sites, 2015. Surveillance Summaries. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2016, 65(9). Retrieved November 2016 from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/ss/pdfs/ss6509.pdf

Cox, S., Parmer, R., Strizek, G., and Thomas, T. (2017). Documentation for the 2011–12 Schools and Staffing Survey. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Crick, N.R., and Bigbee, M.A. (1998). Relational and Overt Forms of Peer Victimization: A Multi- Informant Approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66: 337–347.

Crick, N.R., and Grotpeter, J.K. (1996). Children's Treatment by Peers: Victims of Relational and Overt Aggression. Development and Psychopathology, 8: 367–380.

Diliberti, M., Jackson, M., and Kemp, J. (2017). Crime, Violence, Discipline, and Safety in U.S. Public Schools: Findings From the School Survey on Crime and Safety: 2015–16 (NCES 2017-122). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Retrieved November 2017 from https://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2017122.

Eaton, D., Brener, D., Kann, L., and Pittman, V. (2007). High School Student Responses to Different Question Formats Assessing Race/ Ethnicity. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41: 488–494.

Goldring, R., Taie, S., Rizzo, L., Colby, D., and Fraser, A. (2013). User's Manual for the 2011–12 Schools and Staffing Survey, Volumes 1–6. (NCES 2013-330 through 2013-335). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Goldring, R., Taie, S., Rizzo, L., and Riddles, M. (2017). User's Manual for the 2015–16 National Teacher and Principal Survey Volumes 1–4 (NCES 2017-131 through 2017-134). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Goldstein, S.E., Young, A., and Boyd, C. (2008). Relational Aggression at School: Associations With School Safety and Social Climate. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 37: 641–654.

Jackson, A. (2002). Police-School Resource Officers' and Students' Perception of the Police and Offending. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 25(3): 631–650. Retrieved October 2017 from http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/13639510210437078.

Kachur, S.P., Stennies, G.M., Powell, K.E., Modzeleski, W., Stephens, R., Murphy, R., Kresnow, M., Sleet, D., and Lowry, R. (1996). School-Associated Violent Deaths in the United States, 1992 to 1994. Journal of the American Medical Association, 275: 1729–1733.

Kalton, G., Winglee, M., Krawchuk, S., and Levine, D. (2000). Quality Profile for SASS Rounds 1-3: 1987-1995, Aspects of the Quality of Data in the Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS) (NCES 2000-308). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 2016 from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2000308.

Karcher, M. (2002). The Cycle of Violence and Disconnection Among Rural Middle School Students: Teacher Disconnection as a Consequence of Violence. Journal of School Violence, 1: 35–51.

Kauffman, J., Modzeleski, W., Feucht, T., Simon, T.R., Anderson, M., Shaw, K., Arias, I., and Barrios, L. (2004). School-Associated Suicides— United States, 1994 –1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 53(22): 476–478.

Lauritsen, J.L., Gatewood Owens, J., Planty, M., Rand, M.R., and Truman, J.L. (2012). Methods for Counting High-Frequency Repeat Victimizations in the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCJ 237308). Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 2016 from https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/mchfrv.pdf.

Lessne, D. and Cidade, M. (2017). Split-Half Administration of the 2015 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey Methodology Report (NCES 2017-004). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Retrieved January 2017 from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2017004.    

Lessne, D., and Yanez, C. (2017). Student Reports of Bullying: Results From the 2015 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCES 2017-015). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Retrieved January 2017 from https://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2017015.

MacMillan, R., and Hagan, J. (2004). Violence in the Transition to Adulthood: Adolescent Victimization, Education, and Socioeconomic Attainment in Later Life. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 1(2): 127–158.

Na, C., and Gottfredson, D.C. (2011). Police Officers in Schools: Effects on School Crime and the Processing of Offending Behaviors. Justice Quarterly, 30(4): 619–650. Retrieved October 2017 from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07418825.2011.615754.

Nansel, T.R., Overpeck, M.D., Haynie, D.L., Ruan, W.J., and Scheidt, P.C. (2003). Relationships Between Bullying and Violence Among U.S. Youth. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 157(4): 348–353.

Nansel, T.R., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R., Ruan, W., Simons-Morton, B., and Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying Behaviors Among U.S. Youth: Prevalence and Association With Psychosocial Adjustment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285: 2094–2100.

Prinstein, M.J., Boergers, J., and Vernberg, E.M. (2001). Overt and Relational Aggression in Adolescents: Social-Psychological Adjustment of Aggressors and Victims. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30: 479–491.

Rand, M., and Catalano, S. (2007). Criminal Victimization, 2006 (NCJ 219413). Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 2016 from https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cv06.pdf.  

Rand, M. (2008). Criminal Victimization, 2007 (NCJ 224390). Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 2016 from https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cv07.pdf.  

Reza, A., Modzeleski, W., Feucht, T., Anderson, M., Simon, T.R., and Barrios, L. (2003). Source of Firearms Used by Students in School-Associated Violent Deaths—United States, 1992–1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 52(9): 169–172.

Riley, J.L., McKevitt, B.C., Shriver, M.D., and Allen, K.D. (2011). Increasing On-Task Behavior Using Teacher Attention Delivered on a Fixed-Time Schedule. Journal of Behavioral Education, 20(3): 149–162.

Ringwalt, C.L., Ennett, S., and Johnson, R. (2003). Factors Associated With Fidelity to Substance Use Prevention Curriculum Guides in the Nation's Middle Schools. Health Education & Behavior, 30: 375–391.

Robinson, L.R., Leeb, R.T., Merrick, M.T., and Forbes, L.W. (2016). Conceptualizing and Measuring Safe, Stable, Nurturing Relationships and Environments in Educational Settings. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(5), 1488–1504.

Smith, D.L., and Smith, B.J. (2006). Perceptions of Violence: The Views of Teachers Who Left Urban Schools. The High School Journal, 89(3): 34–42.

Snyder, T.D., and Dillow, S.A. (2018). Digest of Education Statistics 2016. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Storch, E.A., Nock, M.K., Masia-Warner, C., and Barlas, M.E. (2003). Peer Victimization and Social-Psychological Adjustment in Hispanic and African-American Children. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 12: 439–455.

Strom, I.F., Thoresen, S., Wentzel-Larsen, T., and Dyb, G. (2013). Violence, Bullying and Academic Achievement: A Study of 15-Year-Old Adolescents and Their School Environment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(4), 243–251.

Taie, S., and Goldring, R. (2017). Characteristics of Public Elementary and Secondary School Teachers in the United States: Results From the 2015 –16 National Teacher and Principal Survey First Look (NCES 2017-072). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Retrieved November 2017 from https://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2017072.

UNICEF (2012). Child Friendly Schools. Retrieved November 2017 from http://www.unicef.org/lifeskills/index_7260.html.  

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2003). NCES Statistical Standards (NCES 2003-601). Washington, DC.

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Postsecondary Education (2016). The Handbook for Campus Safety and Security Reporting, 2016 Edition. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 2016 from http://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/handbook.pdf.

Wei, H., and Williams, J.H. (2004). Relationship Between Peer Victimization and School Adjustment in Sixth- Grade Students: Investigating Mediation Effects. Violence and Victims, 19: 557–571.