Principals' reports of crime, violence, and the general climate in their schools play an important role in providing a national picture of school crime and safety. By sending questionnaires to U.S. public school principals, NCES is able to obtain school-level data on school safety topics.
The School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) is the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) primary source of school-level data on crime and safety. SSOCS is a national survey of approximately 3,500 principals in U.S. public elementary, middle, and high schools. Conducted in 1999-2000, 2003-2004, 2005-06, 2007-08, 2009-10, 2015-16, and 2017-18 the survey covers topics such as:
The Fast Response Survey System (FRSS) survey collected a subset of SSOCS information on specific safety and discipline plans and practices, training for classroom teachers and aides related to school safety and discipline issues, security personnel, frequency of specific discipline problems, and number of incidents of various offenses.
The Principal/School Disciplinarian Survey on School Violence was a one-time survey intended to collect data on school violence and other discipline issues for the 1996-97 school year. This national survey of about 1,200 principals in U.S. public elementary and secondary schools covered such topics as:
Principal Survey on Safe, Disciplined, and Drug-free Schools
The Principal Survey on Safe, Disciplined, and Drug-free Schools was a one-time national survey of about 755 public elementary and secondary school principals. It collected data on the principals' perspectives on issues related to safety, discipline, and drug-use prevention in their schools during the 1990-91 school year. It covered such topics as: