Technical Notes: A.12 State participation in international assessments
U.S. states have not participated in PIRLS or PISA to date, but various states have participated in different TIMSS administrations as benchmarking participants. States that have been benchmarking participants in TIMSS are able to compare the performance of their students with that of all the other participating countries; however, their students do not contribute to the U.S. national sample. The list that follows identifies the states that participated in each of the administrations of TIMSS as benchmarking participants.
TIMSS 1999 (grade 8 only)