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Early math and reading skills for preschoolers - 2019: Percentage of children from age 2 through 5 and not yet in kindergarten who can identify shapes, count, recognize letters of the alphabet, and write name, by child's race/ethnicity, with detailed American Indian/Alaska Native categories

Race/ethnicity Can identify basic shapes
such as a triangle, rectangle,
circle, or square
  How high the
child can count
  Can recognize letters of
the alphabet
  Can write his or
her first name, even
if some of the
letters are
backwards
 
  No   Yes, some   Yes, most Yes, all   Cannot count   Up to
10
Up to
50
Up to 100
or more
  No   Yes, some Yes, most   Yes, all      
Total 10   23   23 44   5   40 45 10   14   42 20   24   39  
                                             
Child’s race/ethnicity                                            
White, non-Hispanic 7   18   23 52   5   38 47 10   12   42 20   25   41  
Black, non-Hispanic 16   26   22 36   5   38 47 10   12   40 21   28   36  
Hispanic 14   32   23 31   6   49 38 7   20   44 19   17   35  
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 4 ! 23   21 51   5 ! 37 41 16   12   32 20   36   44  
Other race, non-Hispanic1 6   15   26 53   3 ! 34 50 13   8   43 20   29   40  
                                             
Detailed race/ethnicity
categories for children reported as
“other race” regardless of Hispanic origin2
                                           
Other race, Hispanic and non-Hispanic3 10 ! 17   26 48   5 ! 37 47 11   12   42 20   25   37  
American Indian/Alaska
Native only and American
Indian/Alaska Native and one or
more additional races,
Hispanic and non-Hispanic4
9 ! 21   39 31     41 45   11 ! 53 23   12   27  
American Indian/Alaska
Native only, Hispanic and
non-Hispanic5
  19 ! 48 22 !   38 47     52 29 ! 10 ! 28 !
Children of two or
more races, excluding children with
American Indian/Alaska Native origins,
Hispanic and non-
Hispanic
10 ! 15   19 56   5   35 49 12   12 ! 37 19   32   41  
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.  
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1Includes American Indian/Alaska Native children who are not Hispanic and children who are two or more races and not Hispanic.
2Includes American Indian/Alaska Native children and children who are two or more races. Use caution when comparing data with children's race/ethnicity categories because the same children represented in the categories below are represented in the Hispanic and/or other race, non-Hispanic categories above.
3Includes American Indian/Alaska Native children and children who are two or more races, including persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
4Includes children who are both American Indian/Alaska Native and other races, including persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
5Includes American Indian/Alaska Native children only, including persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
NOTE: Detail may not sum totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the 2019 National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2019).