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Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten participating in various weekly nonparental care arrangements, by child and family characteristics: 2012

Characteristic Nonparental care arrangement   No weekly
nonparental care
arrangement
At least one
weekly non-
parental care
arrangement
  Type  
Relative Nonrelative care
outside the home
(including center-
based care)1
Nonrelative care
inside the home2
 
               
Total 60   26 41 5   40
               
Child's age              
Less than one year 46   27 19 5   54
1-2 years 54   26 32 5   46
3-5 years 76   24 64 4   24
               
Child's race/ethnicity              
White, non-Hispanic 62   23 44 6   38
Black, non-Hispanic 69   32 48 4 ! 31
Hispanic, regardless of race 55   29 34 3   45
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 54   20 38 4   46
Other race, non-Hispanic3 58   24 39 6   42
               
Household income              
$20,000 or less 48   26 29 3   52
$20,001 to $50,000 53   26 33 2   47
$50,001 to $75,000 61   26 42 3   39
$75,001 to $100,000 72   28 54 4   28
$100,001 or more 73   23 54 11   27
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
1For this analysis, nonrelative, out of home care arrangements include care provided at least once a week in a child-care center (including day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs) or in a private home, other than the child's own home, by a provider not related to nor living in the household with the child.
2Nonrelative care inside the home includes weekly arrangements provided by individuals not related to the child that occur in the child's home some or all of the time or by individuals providing care outside the child's home who live in the child's household.
3“Other race, non-Hispanic” includes children who are multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity; who are American Indian or Alaska Native; and who are not Hispanic, White, Black, or Asian or Pacific Islander. These groups are not shown separately because the sample sizes do not support stable estimates. Those reported as Asian and Pacific Islander who are not Hispanic are included in the "Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic" group.
NOTE: Estimates include children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten. Children may have multiple care arrangements.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), Early Childhood Program Participation (ECPP) Survey, 2012.