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Number and percentage distribution of homeschooled students ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through grade 12, by selected student and family characteristics: 2016

Selected student and family characteristics Number of
(in thousands)
Percent of
Total 1,690   100  
Parent reported disability status        
Has a disability 355   21  
Does not have a disability 1,335   79  
Student’s sex        
Male 807   48  
Female 882   52  
Student’s race/ethnicity        
White, non-Hispanic 998   59  
Black, non-Hispanic 132   8  
Hispanic 444   26  
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 48   3  
Other, non-Hispanic1 67   4  
Poverty status2        
Poor 362   21  
Nonpoor 1,327   79  
1 “Other, non-Hispanic” includes American Indian/Alaska Native children who are not Hispanic and children who are two or more races who are not Hispanic.
2 Students are considered “Poor” if living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold. And a household is “Nonpoor” if its income exceeds the poverty threshold. The poverty threshold is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the household’s needs, given its size and composition. Income is collected in categories in the survey, rather than as an exact amount, and therefore the poverty measures used in this report are approximations of poverty. For additional information about poverty status, see
NOTE: Homeschooled students are school-age children who receive instruction at home instead of at a public or private school either all or most of the time. Excludes students who were enrolled in public or private school more than 25 hours per week and students who were homeschooled only because of temporary illness. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (PFI-NHES), 2016.