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Weekly center-based care--good choices and easy to find: Percent of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten whose parents reported finding a good choice of child care programs available and with little or no difficulty, by child and family characteristics by child and family characteristics: 2019

Characteristics   Reported they had a good choice of programs available   Had little to no difficulty finding care  
Total   74   52  
Child’s race/ethnicity          
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic   70   52  
Black, non-Hispanic   63   50  
Hispanic   68   44  
White, non-Hispanic   80   57  
Other race, non-Hispanic1   77   49  
Highest education level of parents/guardians          
Less than high school 66   39 !
High school/GED 70   48  
Vocational/technical or some college 63   48  
Bachelor’s degree 78   56  
Graduate or professional degree 79   54  
English spoken at home by parents/guardians2          
Both/only parent(s)/guardian(s) speak(s) English 75   53  
One of two parents/guardians speaks English 56 ! 40 !
No parent/guardian speaks English 63   43  
Recency of immigration3          
Child born outside the U.S.   69   53  
Non-Hispanic   78   62  
First generation   66   44  
Hispanic   57   39  
Non-Hispanic   70   47  
Second generation or higher   77   55  
Hispanic   76   47  
Non-Hispanic   77   56  
Poverty status4          
At or below poverty threshold   66   43  
Between poverty threshold and 200 percent of poverty threshold   64   39  
At or above 200 percent of poverty threshold   77   56  
Locale of child's household5          
City   72   48  
Suburban   78   56  
Town   71   52  
Rural   69   52  
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 "Other race, non-Hispanic" includes American Indian/Alaska Native children who are not Hispanic, children who are Two or more races and not Hispanic, and non-Hispanic children whose parents did not choose any race from the categories provided on the race item in the questionnaire.
2 Complete descriptions of the categories for English spoken at home by parents/guardians are as follows: (1) Both parents/guardians or the only parent/guardian learned English first or currently speak(s) English in the home, (2) One of two parents/guardians in a two-parent/guardian household learned English first or currently speaks English in the home, and (3) No parent/guardian learned English first and both parents/guardians or the only parent/guardian currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home.
3 Children born outside the U.S. were not born in any of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Marianas. Children defined as "first generation" were born in the United States, but one or both of their parents were born outside the United States. Children defined as "second generation or higher" were born in the United States, as were both of their parents. Children born abroad to U.S.-citizen parents are considered born in the United States and counted as "second generation or higher."
4 The poverty threshold is a dollar amount determined by the federal government and updated annually to account for inflation, and which varies depending on a family's size and composition. Thresholds used to define poverty are based on weighted averages from 2018 Census poverty thresholds. In 2018, for example, the weighted average poverty threshold for a family of four was $25,701. Survey respondents are asked to select the range within which their income falls, rather than giving the exact amount of their income; therefore, the measure of poverty status is an approximation.
5 Locale of child’s household classifies the residential ZIP code into a set of four major locale categories: city, suburban, town, rural.
NOTE: Estimates represent 4,947,000 children and include children who have at least one regularly scheduled weekly center-based care arrangement and whose parent searched for care for the child. Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES), 2019.