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Homeschooling

Data about homeschooled children are currently collected in the NHES Parent and Family Involvement in Education (PFI) Survey. The PFI survey collects data about students who are enrolled in kindergarten through grade 12 or are homeschooled for equivalent grades. For homeschooled students, the survey asks questions related to students' homeschooling experiences, the sources of the curriculum, and the reasons for homeschooling. Parents are the respondents.

Two parents working with their son on school work

Most Recent Findings

Homeschooling in the United States: Results from the 2012 and 2016 Parent and Family Involvement Survey

Cover for the Homeschooling in the United States: Results from the 2012 and 2016 Parent and Family Involvement Survey

These web tables present findings on homeschooling in the United States, including the percentage of students homeschooled; reasons for homeschooling; providers of homeschool instruction (including virtual instruction and schools); teaching style and curriculum source; subjects taught; and homeschool activities.

School Choice in the United States: 2019

Blue cover for School Choice in the United States: 2019 report with three pictures depicting students in various academic environments

This report uses data from multiple surveys to describe the landscape of school choice. The report discusses the changes over time in enrollment in traditional public, public charter, and private schools, as well as changes in the number of students who were homeschooled. It includes information on the characteristics of students enrolled in public and private schools, as well as characteristics of students who were homeschooled.

Other Resources Related to Homeschooling

NCES Annual Reports

The NCES Annual Reports and Information program produces several reports each year that draw from over 25 surveys by NCES and other government agencies. Many of these reports include information on enrollment in public charter schools and private schools. The Digest of Education Statistics includes additional information on school choice and parent involvement.

State-Level Information

Many states have information about homeschooled students (see examples from Maine and Virginia).

Most Recent Data File & Questionnaire

2019 PFI Data File

2019 PFI Questionnaire