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Geography, 8th grade
1. When the warm ocean current El Niņo replaces the cooler Peruvian, or Humboldt, current along the coast of Peru, the supplies of anchovies on which sea birds feed decrease. As a result, the number of sea birds roosting on the coastal islands decreases. In Peru, the developments described have an impact on
the money earned from tourists who visit its beaches
the ability of ships to dock at its ports
warm weather in coastal areas
the export of anchovies

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2. The dotted line running across the map represents a
major highway
river
fault line
contour line

3. When the warm ocean current El Niņo replaces the cooler Peruvian, or Humboldt, current along the coast of Peru, the supplies of anchovies on which sea birds feed decrease. As a result, the number of sea birds roosting on the coastal islands decreases. The passage describes the effect of El Niņo on Peru's
wind currents
weather
ecosystem
coastal erosion

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4. Look at the photograph above. What would help farmers in this area grow more food?
Cutting down forests
Making terraces
Building houses
Irrigating the land

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5. The intensity of this earthquake would be measured in terms of
isotherms
the Richter scale
the celsius scale
barometric pressure

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6. Which question could you answer based only on the information in the map?
At what times do the public trains arrive?
How much time does it take to go from Forest Hills to Oak Grove?
How many miles is it from one station to another?
How can one travel from Alewife to the Aquarium by public train?

7. What is an important reason that countries join international organizations like the United Nations?
Countries who do not join usually lose their independence.
Many of the world's problems involve more than one country.
Most citizens want their countries to join as many international organizations as possible.
Such organizations force countries to join.

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8. About how much of South America has a growing season of over 240 days?
10%
25%
75%
100%

9. Florida is an example of
an isthmus
an island
a peninsula
a plateau

10. Major oil-producing nations joined together to form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) as a means of
increasing their control of markets and prices for their product
limiting the access of other nations to solar power
promoting the production of high-quality fossil fuels
improving communication and transportation among developing nations

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11. The varying widths of the lines on the map most probably indicate the
strength of ocean currents
type of trade
volume of trade
type of transportation used

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12. Which city probably suffered the most damage in the earthquake?
Lappington
San Miguel
Sun City
Biddleburg

13. What religion is practiced by most people who live in India?
Confucianism
Buddhism
Christianity
Hinduism

14. Switzerland is located in the middle of which mountain range?
Alps
Andes
Urals
Pyrenees

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15. Where would a large city be most likely to develop?
In the northeast corner of Nation B
Where the Charles River meets the sea
the eastern part of Nation D
Near the source of the Red River