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Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA)

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) provides an essential measurement of student achievement in the United States. In mathematics, reading, science, and writing, academic achievement is reported for selected urban districts as well as for the nation and the states.

In 2001, after discussion among the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the National Assessment Governing Board (Governing Board), and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), Congress appropriated funds for a district-level NAEP assessment on a trial basis. A primary goal of TUDA is to focus attention on urban K-12 education and academic achievement in urban districts. In collaboration with NCES and CGCS, the Governing Board invites districts that meet certain selection criteria to volunteer to participate in TUDA. Selection criteria are based on district size, percentages of African American or Hispanic students, and percentages of students eligible for the free and reduced-price lunch program.

TUDA began in 2002 with six urban districts participating in the NAEP reading and writing assessments. In 2009, 18 districts participated in mathematics, reading, and science. Twenty-one districts participated in 2011, 2013, and 2015. Twenty-seven districts participated in 2017 and 2019.

Growth of TUDA Participation by Year

TX WI CA PA NV CO GA NC TN KY OH IL MI NY No Districts added in 2007 (Math, Reading and Writing), 2013 (Math and Reading), or 2019 (Math and Reading) District began participating in the selected year 2002 Math Reading 2003 Math Reading 2005 Math Reading Science 2009 Math Reading Science 2011 Math Reading 2015 Math Reading 2017 Math Reading State with at least one participating district State with no participating districts * FL NM MA MD DC
See a table of participating districts with the year each joined.

School and Student Selection

The sample of schools drawn for the TUDA assessment is representative of all students in the district. From each sampled school, a random sample of students is selected. The sample of students in participating TUDA school districts is an extension of the state and national samples selected for NAEP. These extended samples allow reliable reporting of student groups within these districts. Results for students in the TUDA samples are also included in state and national samples with appropriate weighting.

The numbers of students assessed vary across the districts. Students with disabilities and English learners are included in the assessments as much as possible, and the most commonly used accommodations are always available.


District Data Tools

See key results from TUDA in mathematics, reading, writing, and science for grades 4 and 8. You can compare the performance of students in participating urban districts to the performance of public school students in large cities nationwide.

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Assessment Content

Each NAEP assessment is based on an organizing framework, similar to a blueprint, that is developed by education and assessment experts. Frameworks provide information about the content to be assessed in each subject and what knowledge and skills are appropriate for students being assessed in those subjects. The frameworks also offer insights about how to measure skills in innovative ways. Survey questionnaires, administered to students, teachers, and school administrators who participate in an assessment, are used to collect and report contextual information about students' learning experience in and out of the classroom. NAEP is administered as a digitally based assessment. Read the frameworks below for mathematics, reading, science, and writing, and explore survey questionnaires.

Sample Questions

Explore sample questions from the mathematics, reading, science, and writing assessments. You can also see scorer comments, the percentage of students nationwide who answered each question correctly, and how students' performance on a given question corresponds to their overall scores.

Last update 23 September 2021 (MB)