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NAEP Assessment Sample Design → NAEP 2008 Sample Design → 2008 Arts Assessment Sample Design

NAEP Technical Documentation2008 Arts Assessment Sample Design


Selection of Primary Sampling Units

Public School Arts Assessment

Private School Arts Assessment

School and Student Participation Results for the Arts Assessment

The 2008 arts assessment sample design provided a nationally representative sample for operational assessments in music and visual arts at grade 8.

This was accomplished by designing separate sample components for public and private schools. The selected samples were based on a three-stage sample design:

  • selection of primary sampling units (PSUs),
  • selection of schools within strata, and
  • selection of students within schools.

The samples of schools were selected with probability proportional to a measure of size based on the estimated eighth-grade enrollment in the schools.

The assessment was designed to achieve a nationally representative sample of public and private school students in the eighth grade. Its target population included all students in public and private schools, including Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools and Department of Defense Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools (DDESS), who were enrolled in the eighth grade at the time of assessment.

The table below shows the target student sample sizes for each sample.

Target student sample size for grade 8 arts assessment, by subject area and school type: 2008
School type Arts assessment
        Music Visual arts
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2008 Arts Assessment.
Public 2,700 2,700
Private 300 300

These targets represent completed assessments. To get the overall sample sizes, these targets were adjusted upwards to allow for expected losses from absent, refusing, and/or ineligible schools and students (so that the completed assessment targets would be met).  The corresponding overall students sample sizes are contained in the Student Participation, Exclusion, and Accommodation Rates page.

Two additional NCES assessments were conducted at the same time as the NAEP 2008 arts assessment: the long-term trend (LTT) and the field test (FT) assessments. To reduce the burden on any particular school, efforts were made to minimize the overlap of the arts sample schools with the schools already selected for the LTT and FT sample. This was accomplished by applying the Keyfitz procedure in which conditional probabilities of selection were computed and used in the school sample selection process.  In addition, schools that still happened to be selected for the eighth-grade FT and arts sample were dropped from the eighth-grade FT sample. This occurred for 14 eighth-grade FT sample schools.

Last updated 15 March 2011 (GF)