Beginning in 2014, the printing of administration schedules, worksheets, and rosters of questionnaires was replaced by the data collection staff's electronic preassessment visit system. In addition, beginning in 2015, the data collection from students with disabilities (SD) and English learners (EL) worksheets was built into the preassessment visit system.
In 2016, NAEP collected the data from school and teacher questionnaires via an online questionnaire system; approximately 8,700 were entered into this system by school staff.
Scannable paper questionnaires were also produced and provided to the data collection staff. Approximately, 470 completed school and teacher scannable questionnaires were returned to the materials distribution staff.