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NAEP Technical DocumentationStudent Questionnaire

Each NAEP student assessment booklet includes non-cognitive items, also known as a student questionnaire. The questionnaires appear in separately timed blocks of items in the assessment booklets. The items collect information on students' demographic characteristics, classroom experiences, and educational support. Students' responses provide data that give context to NAEP results and/or allow researchers to track factors associated with academic achievement. The data are also the basis for NAEP's major reporting groups.

Students complete the questionnaires voluntarily, and their responses are kept confidential. Student names are never reported with their responses or with the other information collected by NAEP. To ensure a fully representative sample of students across the nation, NAEP makes testing accommodations available to students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL). One such accommodation available to ELL students is a bilingual version of the questionnaire for the NAEP mathematics and science assessments. For more information on the accommodations NAEP provides, see SD/ELL Questionnaire.

Each student questionnaire includes three types of non-cognitive items:

  • General student information: Student responses to non-cognitive items are used to collect information about factors such as race or ethnicity, gender, and parents' education level. Answers on the questionnaires also provide information about factors associated with academic performance, including homework habits, the language spoken in the home, and the quantity of reading materials in the home.

  • Other contextual/policy information: These items focus on students' educational settings and experiences, and collect information about students' attendance (days absent), family discourse (talking about school at home), reading load (pages read per day), and exposure to English in the home. There are also items that ask about students' effort on the assessment, and the difficulty and importance of the assessment. Answers on the questionnaires provide information on how aspects of education and educational resources are distributed among different groups. Policy-related questions are reserved for the teacher and school questionnaires.

  • Subject-specific information: In most NAEP administrations, these items cover three categories of information: (1) time spent studying the subject; (2) instructional experiences in the subject; and (3) motivation and perceptions about the subject and the assessment.

The content and format of student questionnaires differ slightly from year to year and depend on what grade level and subject area are being assessed. The table below includes links to student questionnaires administered between 2000 and 2013. For more information on how items are developed for the student questionnaire and how the resulting data are used and analyzed, see NAEP Questionnaires for Students, Teachers, and Schools.

Links to NAEP student questionnaires (in PDF format), by grade and subject area: various years, 2000–2013
Subject areaGrade 4Grade 8Grade 12
Arts (2008) 509K
Music (2008) 106K
Civics (2010) 769K 577K 1179K
Civics (2006) 97K 112K 117K
Economics (2012) 159K
Economics (2006) 144K
Geography (2010) 572K 677K 106K
Geography (2001) 84K 106K
Mathematics (2013) 220K 269K 328K
Mathematics (2011) 94K 109K
Mathematics (2009) 88K 92K 128K
Mathematics (2007) 156K 106K
Mathematics (2005) 69K 98K 108K
Mathematics (2003) 85K 120K 126K
Mathematics (2000) 79K 119K 147K
Reading (2011) 65K 92K
Reading (2009) 89K 99K 102K
Reading (2007) 171K 118K
Reading (2005) 92K 98K 104K
Reading (2003) 106K 120K 78K
Reading (2002) 114K 114K
Reading (2000) 113K
Science (2011) 82K
Science (2009) 96K 100K 118K
Science (2005) 73K 83K 92K
Science (2000) 72K 102K 128K
U.S. History (2010) 1316K 1278K 644K
U.S. History (2006) 91K 116K 120K
U.S. History (2001) 84K 106K 120K
Writing (2011) 130K 132K
Writing (2007) 116K 126K
Writing (2002) 114K 114K
† Not applicable.
‡ Not available in electronic format.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), various years, 2000-2013 Assessments.

Links to NAEP long-term trend student questionnaires (in PDF format), by subject and age: 2012
Subject areaAge 9Age 13Age 17
Mathematics Long-term trend 92K 94K 94K
Reading Long-term trend 93K 95K 93K
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2012 Long-Term Trend Assessments.

Last updated 21 May 2017 (DC)