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Student Groups and Trends Reports

Different decades of students on a trend line.

The National Center of Education Statistics (NCES) conducts secondary analyses of National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) results. These studies focus on diverse student groups and their academic achievement on The Nation's Report Card, including students of different racial/ethnic groups, ages, grades, and those in different types of schools and geographic regions. To gain a clearer picture of these unique populations in K-12 education, secondary analyses may involve additional data collection.

Understanding Assessment Results

Consult this useful guide to help understand and interpret NAEP results.

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Assessment Frameworks

Each NAEP assessment is based on an organizing framework, similar to a blueprint that is developed by education and assessment experts. Frameworks provide information about the content to be assessed in each subject and what knowledge and skills are appropriate for students being assessed in those subjects. The frameworks also offer insights about how to measure skills in innovative ways.

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Last updated 22 September 2021 (AA)