The National Assessment Governing Board oversees the development of the NAEP frameworks that describe the specific knowledge and skills that should be assessed in each subject. Frameworks incorporate ideas and input from subject area experts, school administrators, policymakers, parents, and others. The Geography Framework (587 KB) specifies that the assessment should be organized around two primary dimensions: a content dimension and a cognitive dimension. Each question in the assessment has a content and a cognitive skills dimension.
The content dimension includes the following three areas:
The cognitive dimension of the assessment includes the following three categories:
The geography framework specifies the amount of assessment time to be devoted to each of the dimensions by grade.
The framework required that the assessment test the elements in an interactive manner: items were created by applying each cognitive dimension to each content dimension. See the elements of the geography assessment.
Sample Question booklets are available for download.Explore sample questions in the NAEP Questions Tool.