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Inclusion of Students with Disabilities and English Learners

Explore Performance Data for Students With Disabilities

Learn more about the characteristics and performance of students with disabilities on the NAEP mathematics and reading assessments, as well as the available testing accommodations.

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Recent Inclusion, Exclusion and Accommodation Rates

Some students with disabilities (SD) and English learner (EL) students can be assessed without special procedures. Some require accommodations to participate in NAEP, while others may not be able to participate even with accommodation. The percentage of SD and EL students who are excluded from NAEP assessments varies both from one jurisdiction to another and within a jurisdiction over time. Download recent data on participation rates, inclusion rates, and other information about SD and EL.

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NAEP Policy and Accommodations for SD/EL Students

Accommodations in the testing environment or administration procedures are available for SD and EL students to support their participation in the assessment. Some accommodations are actually built-in features—or Universal Design Elements--of the digitally based assessments that are available to all students. Other accommodations, such as additional test time, are available upon request. Every jurisdiction decides what accommodations the students in that jurisdiction are eligible to receive.

Exclusion Rates

Some SD and EL students can be assessed without accommodations. Some require accommodations to participate in NAEP, while others may not be able to participate even with accommodations. The percentage of SD and EL students who are excluded from NAEP assessments varies across assessment subjects, from one jurisdiction to another, and within a jurisdiction over time. See percentages of inclusion or exclusion of SD and EL students for the nation, by jurisdiction, and by participating districts for assessments since 1992. Also review research exploring the potential impact of change in exclusion rates on assessment results.

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Historic Accommodation Type Data

Explore the percentage of acommodations used over the last 30 years. Download by subject to see the accommodation types used since 1998.

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Last updated 21 September 2022 (AA)