It is important for NAEP to assess as many students selected to participate as possible. Assessing representative samples of students, including students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL), helps to ensure that NAEP results accurately reflect the educational performance of all students in the target population, and can continue to serve as a meaningful measure of U.S. students’ academic achievement over time.
In March 2010, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), working with the National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB), adopted a new policy to maximize the participation of students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL).
Today, NAEP continues to explore ways to ensure consistent, inclusive assessment and reporting across all jurisdictions and student populations.
Accommodations in the testing environment or administration procedures are available for SD and ELL students to support their participation in the assessment. Some accommodations are actually built-in features—or Universal Design Elements--of the digitally based assessments that are available to all students. Other accommodations, such as additional test time, are available upon request. Every jurisdiction decides what accommodations the students in that jurisdiction are eligible to receive.
NCES collects information about accommodations needed for SD and ELL students in order to examine the relationship between inclusion and the assessment and to inform inclusion decisions for students. NAEP obtains this information by asking the school staff (principal, assistant principal, special education teacher, bilingual education/ESL teacher, or classroom teacher) most familiar with each SD or ELL student participating in an assessment to complete the appropriate survey questionnaire or worksheet. Explore SD and ELL survey questionnaires/worksheets.Learn More
In order to study the effects on the assessment, NAEP collects information about accommodations needed for SD and ELL students by asking the school staff most familiar with each student to complete the appropriate SD or ELL questionnaires. The information gathered in this way has informed research for several years. Below are listed numerous studies, discussions, publications, and working papers from this area of research and related areas.