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​NAEP Accommodations Increase Inclusiveness

The responses of students with disabilities (SD) and English learners (EL) on NAEP assessments represent those of hundreds of other similar students. Without them, information about how to best meet the educational needs of these students would be lost. NAEP incorporates inclusive policies and practices into every aspect of the assessment, including selection of students, participation in the assessment administration, and valid and effective accommodations. This is essential to ensuring an assessment that yields meaningful NAEP results for all students. By representing their peers across the nation on NAEP, students with disabilities and English learners help to ensure that NAEP results can be used to inform efforts to improve educational programs.

Just like any other student, SD and EL students are selected to participate in NAEP. Within each selected school and grade to be assessed, students are chosen at random to participate in NAEP. Regardless of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, disability, status as an English learner, or any other factors, every student has the same chance of being selected, because NAEP is administered to a sample of students who represent the student population of the nation as a whole, and for state level tests, of each individual state.

The accommodations allowed on NAEP and those allowed in states are often similar, but there may be some differences. Sometimes these differences result from the way that the subject being measured is defined in the NAEP frameworks. For example, NAEP does not allow read-aloud of any part of the NAEP reading test except the instructions, because decoding words is part of what the NAEP framework is measuring.

NAEP Digitally Based Assessments Universal Design Elements and Accommodations
NAEP Universal Design ElementsNAEP Accommodations Provided by the Test Delivery SystemNAEP Accommodations Provided Outside the Test Delivery System
ZoomingExtended TimeBreaks During Testing
Individual Testing ExperienceMagnificationSeparate Location
Directions Read Aloud/Text-to-Speech (English)Low Mobility Version of the TestFamiliar Person Present in Testing Room
Directions Clarified/ExplainedCalculator Version of the Test 2Uses Template
Read Aloud/Text-to-Speech (English) - Occasional or Most or All 1Hearing Impaired Version of the Test 3Special Equipment
Use a Computer/Tablet to RespondHigh Contrast for Visually Impaired StudentsPreferential Seating
Color ThemingDirections Only Translated to SpanishCueing to Stay on Task
Scratchwork/Highlighter CapabilityDirections Read Aloud/Text-to-Speech (Spanish)Scribe
Elimination CapabilitySpanish/English Version of the Test 1Directions Only Presented in Sign Language
Volume AdjustmentRead Aloud/Text-to-Speech (Spanish) – Occasional or Most or All 1Presentation in Sign Language 1
Closed CaptioningResponse in Sign Language
Scratch PaperBraille Version of the Test
Bilingual Dictionary (in any language) 1
Other Specify
1 NAEP UDE or accommodations that are not allowed for the NAEP reading assessments.
2 A Calculator Version of the Test is not needed for civics, reading, science, or U.S. history.
3 A Hearing Impaired Version of the Test is only needed if the item content cannot be closed captioned.
— Not available.

Last updated 13 April 2023 (DS)