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NAEP Accommodations Increase Inclusiveness

The responses of students with disabilities (SD) and English learners (EL) on NAEP assessments represent those of hundreds of other similar students. Without them, information about how to best meet the educational needs of these students would be lost. NAEP incorporates inclusive policies and practices into every aspect of the assessment, including selection of students, participation in the assessment administration, and valid and effective accommodations. This is essential to ensuring an assessment that yields meaningful NAEP results for all students. By representing their peers across the nation on NAEP, students with disabilities and English learners help to ensure that NAEP results can be used to inform efforts to improve educational programs.

Just like any other student, SD and EL students are selected to participate in NAEP. Within each selected school and grade to be assessed, students are chosen at random to participate in NAEP. Regardless of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, disability, status as an English learner, or any other factors, every student has the same chance of being selected, because NAEP is administered to a sample of students who represent the student population of the nation as a whole, and for state level tests, of each individual state.

The accommodations allowed on NAEP and those allowed in states are often similar, but there may be some differences. Sometimes these differences result from the way that the subject being measured is defined in the NAEP frameworks. For example, NAEP does not allow read-aloud of any part of the NAEP reading test except the instructions, because decoding words is part of what the NAEP framework is measuring.

The many accommodations available in NAEP can be categorized for ease of understanding:

standard

Standard NAEP Practice, for SD and/or EL
Standard Accommodations for SD/EL StudentsMathReadingScienceWriting (CBA)Civics, Economics, Geography, U.S. HistoryMusic and Visual ArtsTELWriting (before CBA; paper and pencil)
Extended timeYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Small group, or one-on-oneYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
One-on-oneYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Directions only read aloud in EnglishYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Test items read aloud in English – occasional or most/allYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYes
Breaks during testYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Writes directly in the bookletNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo

sd_students

Other Accommodations for SD students
Other Accommodations for SD StudentsMathReadingScienceWriting (CBA)Civics, Economics, Geography, U.S. HistoryMusic and Visual ArtsTELWriting (before CBA; paper and pencil)
Calculator version of the test FN3Yes FN3NoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Must have an aide present in the testing roomYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Responds orally to a scribeYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNo
Large print version of the testYesYesYesYes UDYesYes (Music Only)Yes UDYes
MagnificationYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Uses template/special equipment/preferential seatingYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Cueing to stay on taskYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Presentation in BrailleYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYes
Response in BrailleYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Presentation in Sign LanguageYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYes
Response in Sign LanguageYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNo

accommodations

Other Accommodations for EL students
Accommodations for EL StudentsMathReadingScienceWriting (CBA)Civics, Economics, Geography, U.S. HistoryMusic and Visual ArtsTELWriting (before CBA; paper and pencil)
Bilingual dictionary without definitions in any languageYesNoYesNoYesYesYesNo
Directions only read aloud in SpanishYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYes
Spanish/English version of the test (not g12)YesNoYesNo FN6Yes FN3NoNoNo
Test items read aloud in Spanish (not g12 Math)YesNoYesNoYesNoNoNo

universal

Universal Design Elements and Descriptions
Universal Design Elements available for all students in Digitally Based AssessmentsNAEP SubjectUsed for Mathematics, Reading, Science, and TEL
ZoomingMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELText size options are provided for short standalone items (e.g., multiple-choice and short constructed-response items) but not for the scenario-based tasks, which will be the standard 12-point font. For the short standalone items, students can change sizes ranging from approximately 12-point font to approximately 24-point font. Twenty-four point font is approximately 1/3-inch tall. NOTE: This only enlarges the short standalone items, NOT the scenario-based tasks, tool icons, menus, etc.
Small GroupMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELUnnecessary due to the mode of test administration. All students are interacting on a one-on-one basis with the tablet and will have earbuds to reduce distractions. Read aloud and other accommodations will be provided through the computer and will not distract other students in the room.
One-on-OneMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELUnnecessary due to the mode of test administration. All students are interacting on a one-on-one basis with the tablet and will have earbuds to reduce distractions. Read aloud and other accommodations will be provided through the computer/tablet and will not distract other students in the room.
Text-to-Speech (English) - Directions OnlyMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELGeneral directions are read aloud to all students. Directions within the assessment can be read aloud using the text-to-speech function. The tutorial explains how to do this and has full audio.
Text-to-Speech (English) - Occasional or Most or All
Mathematics, TEL, and Science
Not Allowed for Reading
Students select some or all text to be read aloud. The tutorial explains how to do this and has full audio.
Text-to-Speech (English)- Occasional or Most or All is not allowed for Reading passages or items.
Use a Computer/Tablet to RespondMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELAll students respond on NAEP-provided tablets.
Color ContrastMathematics, Science, and TEL Accommodation for ReadingStudents have a choice of three color contrast options, including one high-contrast option. The default is black text on white background and the two other options are white text on black background and black text on beige background.
NOTE: This tool is not available for the tutorial, the scenario-based tasks, or any image/video content. For reading, this is available as an accommodation for visually-impaired students.
Scratchwork/Highlighter CapabilityMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELA scratchwork/highlighter tool is available for short standalone items (e.g., multiple-choice and short constructed-response items). This tool contains an embedded pencil mode and highlighter mode. The tutorial explains how to do this and has full audio.
NOTE: This tool is not available for the scenario-based tasks.
Eliminating CapabilityMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELA tool for eliminating answer choices for multiple-choice items, as appropriate.
NOTE: This tool is not available for the scenario-based tasks.
Volume AdjustmentMathematics, Science, Reading, and TELSome portions of the assessment feature audio, such as text-to-speech or multimedia item content. Students may raise or lower the volume using a control on the tablet.
Closed CaptioningMathematics, Science,Reading, and TELAll voice-over narration is closed captioned.

Universal Design Elements available for all students in Digitally-Based AssessmentsUsed for CBA Writing 2011 and TEL 2013
Adjusting font sizeText size options are provided for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items), but not for the scenario-based tasks which will be the standard 14-point font. For the short standalone items, students can change between three sizes ranging from approximately 14-point font to approximately 48-point font. Forty-eight point font is approximately ¾ - inch tall.
NOTE: This only enlarges the short standalone items , NOT the scenario-based tasks, tool icons, menus, etc.
Small groupUnnecessary due to the mode of test administration. All students are interacting on a one-on-one basis with the computer and will have earbuds to reduce distractions. Read aloud and other accommodations will be provided through the compute
One-on-oneUnnecessary due to the mode of test administration. All students are interacting on a one-on-one basis with the computer and will have earbuds to reduce distractions. Read aloud and other accommodations will be provided through the computer and will not distract other students in the room.
Directions only read aloud in English-occasional (text to speech)General directions are read aloud to all students. Directions within the assessment can be read aloud using the text to speech function. See Test items read aloud in English for more information.
Test items read aloud in English – occasional (text to speech)Students select some or all text to be read aloud. Tutorial explains how to do this and has full audio. Text selection is provided for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items). For scenario-based tasks, all text is read aloud; individual words or phrases cannot be selected.
Test items read aloud in English – most or all (text to speech)Students select some or all text to be read aloud. Tutorial explains how to do this and has full audio. Text selection is provided for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items). For scenario-based tasks, all text is read aloud; individual words or phrases cannot be selected.
Using a computer or typewriter to respondAll students respond on NAEP-provided laptops.
Adjusting contrast or colorsStudents have a choice of three color options, or skins, including one high-contrast option.
Highlighter toolA yellow highlighter tool is available for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and short constructed response items).
NOTE: This tool is not available for the student questionnaire or the scenario-based tasks.
Eliminating answer choice toolA tool for eliminating answer choices for short standalone items (e.g., multiple choice and discrete items) in the cognitive section of the assessment (as appropriate).
NOTE: This tool is not available for the student questionnaire or the scenario-based tasks.


Last updated 08 December 2020 (AA)