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Sampling & Data Collection -> Accommodations

With the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act and the growth of Americaís immigrant population, assessment programs like NAAL must consider issues of inclusion and accommodation. The 2003 NAAL provides for two types of accommodations—administrative and language.

Administrative accommodations are made for adults with disabilities. First, NAAL is inherently accommodating because the assessment is conducted one-on-one in the respondentís home. Second, all respondents with disabilities receive additional time to complete the assessment if necessary.

Language accommodations are made for adults with limited English proficiency or whose primary language is not English. Questions on the background questionnaire are available in either English or Spanish. In addition, instructions for FAN, ALSA, and the core screening test questions are given in either English or Spanish. The stimulus materials for those questions, however, are still in English since NAALís main objective is to assess literacy in English.

Results are reported separately for non-native speakers of English and compared to the results of native speakers of English. Thus, the unique needs of English as a Second Language (ESL) adults may be better understood by researchers, policymakers, and practitioners.

Languages used to administer NAAL instruments
  Interviewer can administer Neighbor or household member1 can administer
  English instrument Spanish instrument In Spanish In another language
Screener yes yes yes yes
Background questionnaire2 yes yes yes no
Core items yes yes no no
Main NAAL yes no no no
ALSA yes yes no no
FAN yes yes no no
1 16 or older
2 Requires no reading or writing
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.