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National Center for Education Statistics

1Average cost, average grant/scholarship aid, and net price for public institutions are displayed for students paying in-district tuition.

NOTE: Title IV institutions are those with a written agreement with the U.S. Department of Education that allows the institution to participate in any of the Title IV federal student financial assistance programs. United States includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The four U.S. service academies that are not Title IV eligible are included in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) universe because they are federally funded and open to the public. However, these four U.S. service academies are not included in this table. The net price of attendance is the price actually charged to full-time, first-time undergraduate students awarded financial aid at an institution after deducting federal, state/local government, and institutional grant and scholarship aid. The calculation of net price of attendance does not include loan aid. Some institutions do not have students at each income level, therefore, for the purposes of this table the net price is calculated as the average cost displayed in this table minus the average grant/scholarship aid displayed in this table. Average cost is calculated using the tuition and required fees, books and supplies, room and board, and other expenses data from the Institutional Characteristics component. A weighted average of on-campus; off-campus, not with family; and off-campus, with family room and board and other expenses values was used to calculate a single average cost instead of individual costs by living arrangement. The factors used to generate this weighted average were reported in the Student Financial Aid component separately for the group of students awarded any grant aid and the group of students awarded Title IV aid. Hence, the resulting average cost values may differ between the groups. Students are classified into a family income category by the institution they attend based on the income used by the institution’s financial aid office to calculate the student’s expected family contribution. For dependent students this includes the parents’ adjusted gross income and the student’s adjusted gross income. For independent students, includes the student’s adjusted gross income. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Definitions for terms used in this table may be found in the IPEDS online glossary located at The glossary is primarily focused on terms used in the current IPEDS collection and may not reflect the definitions in effect when the data in this table were collected.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, IPEDS, Fall 2022, Institutional Characteristics component (provisional data) and Winter 2022–23, Student Financial Aid component (provisional data).