Skip Navigation

National Center for Education Statistics

NOTE: Title IV institutions are those with a written agreement with the U.S. Department of Education that allows the institution to participate in any of the Title IV federal student financial assistance programs. United States includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Students are classified into a family income category by the institution they attend based on the income used by the institution’s financial aid office to calculate the student’s expected family contribution. For dependent students this includes the parents’ adjusted gross income and the student’s adjusted gross income. For independent students, includes the student’s adjusted gross income. The net price of attendance is the price actually charged to full-time, first-time undergraduate students awarded financial aid at an institution after deducting federal, state/local government, and institutional grant and scholarship aid. The calculation of net price of attendance does not include loan aid. Some institutions do not have students at each income level, therefore, for the purposes of this table the net price is calculated as the average cost displayed in this table minus the average grant/scholarship aid displayed in this table. Average cost is calculated using the tuition and required fees, books and supplies, room and board, and other expenses data from the Institutional Characteristics component. A weighted average of on-campus; off-campus, not with family; and off-campus, with family room and board and other expenses values was used to calculate a single average cost instead of individual costs by living arrangement. The factors used to generate this weighted average were reported in the Student Financial Aid component separately for the group of students awarded any grant aid and the group of students awarded Title IV aid. Hence, the resulting average cost values may differ between the groups. All amounts from 2017 were converted to 2019 dollars using the average Consumer Price Index values for the 12-month periods ending in December 2017 and December 2019. Definitions for terms used in this table may be found in the collection year’s archived downloadable glossary located at

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Fall 2020, Institutional Characteristics component (final data) and Winter 2020–21, Student Financial Aid component (final data).