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National Center for Education Statistics

1On-campus average cost is based on those institutions that offer on-campus housing and/or meal service.

2Off-campus average cost is based on those institutions that do not require full-time, first-time students to live on campus.

NOTE: Title IV institutions are those with a written agreement with the U.S. Department of Education that allows the institution to participate in any of the Title IV federal student financial assistance programs. Percentages in the Percent column of this table use the corresponding count in the All institutions column as the denominator. Cost of attendance includes tuition and required fees, room and board charges, books and supplies, and other expenses. Costs are average institutional costs, not average amounts paid by students (i.e., charges are not weighted by enrollment). The 96 public 2-year institutions with academic calendars that differ by program or allow continuous enrollment are not included. Detail may not subtract to difference displayed because of rounding. Definitions for terms used in this table may be found in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) online glossary located at

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, IPEDS, Fall 2016, Institutional Characteristics component (final data).