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National Center for Education Statistics

1Includes staff at institutions without standard academic ranks.

NOTE: Title IV institutions are those with a written agreement with the U.S. Department of Education that allows the institution to participate in any of the Title IV federal student financial assistance programs. United States includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The four U.S. service academies that are not Title IV eligible are included in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) universe because they are federally funded and open to the public and are included in this table. Total full-time instructional staff includes those on 9-, 10-, 11-, or 12-month contracts. Total salary outlays for full-time instructional staff (by rank) on 10-, 11-, and 12-month contracts were adjusted to 9-month outlays by dividing the outlay for the longer contracts by their length and multiplying the result by 9. The “equated” outlays were then added to the outlays for 9-month staff, and the resulting sum was then divided by the total number of staff to determine an average salary for each rank. Salaries for staff on less-than-9-month contracts were not collected. Definitions for terms used in this table may be found in the collection year’s archived downloadable glossary located at

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, IPEDS, Spring 2019, Human Resources component (final data).