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CIP 2020

Single CIP Code Institutions

College campusThis blog entry of the CIP Specialist is devoted to exploring single CIP Code institutions, which are institutions that report all their awards under a single CIP code. In this blog posting we will explore the following questions:

  • What are the characteristics of these institutions?
  • What is the mission of these institutions?
  • Who do these institutions serve?

Characteristics of the institutions

There are a total of 764 institutions which report all of their awards under a single CIP Code. This represents only about 1% of the entire IPEDS universe of postsecondary institutions (~6,800). The majority of these institutions (62 percent) were considered nondegree granting and about half of these institutions (52 percent) were classified as less than two-year institutions and only 31 percent were considered four-year institutions. Approximately half (55 percent) were classified as private for profit, 35 percent were private nonprofit, and the remaining 9 percent were considered public.

Geographically, about one-third of the institutions were located in the Mid-Atlantic region, which includes Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia. Approximately, one-fifth (21 percent) were located in the Southeast region, which includes Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. The two states with the most single CIP Code institutions were New York and California which had 148 and 72 institutions, respectively.

Degrees and certificates awarded by the institution

To address the question of mission, it was important to consider the types of degrees awarded as well as the area of study in which the degrees were awarded. Overall, single CIP Code institutions granted a total of 55,012 degrees and certificates. Certificates made up a greater proportion of the awards (63 percent) than degrees (37 percent). Of the degrees awarded, 9 percent of the degrees awarded were associate's, 15 were bachelor's degrees, 7 percent were master's degrees, and 6 percent were doctoral degrees. Of the certificates awarded, 62 percent were sub-baccalaureate and 1 percent were post-baccalaureate.

Since these institutions awarded degrees and certificates in almost every 2-digit CIP Code, we decided to group related 2-digit CIP Codes into the following categories: Agriculture, Business, Education, Health Sciences, Humanities, Law/Public Policy and Administration, Personal Services, Religious Vocations, Skilled Trades, STEM, and Fine and Performing Arts. Three areas accounted for almost three-quarters of all the degrees and certificates awarded: Health Sciences (38 percent), Skilled Trades (19 percent), and Personal Services (17 percent). Among health sciences, three fields accounted for the majority of the degrees and certificates awarded: Registered Nursing (34 percent), Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage (18 percent), and Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training (17 percent). While among personal services, programs devoted to personal appearance made up the majority of degrees awarded. For example, about three-quarters of the degrees and certificates awarded were in either Cosmetology/Cosmetologist (57 percent) or Barbering/Barber (17 percent). Finally, among the skilled trades, approximately one-third of the degrees and certificates were awarded for Welding Technology/Welder (33 percent), and a little more than a quarter were awarded for Truck and Bus Driver/Commercial Vehicle Operation (29 percent). About 9 percent of the degrees and certificates were awarded for Gunsmithing/Gunsmith.

Students served by these institutions

In fall 2019, 179,256 students were enrolled at a single CIP Code institution. The majority of students enrolled at single CIP Code institutions were female (55 percent) and 44 percent of students were people of color. Overall, people of color received 38 percent of the total number of degrees and certificates awarded.

In total, 31,471 degrees and certificates awarded to women who attended a single CIP Code institution. More than half of the degrees and certificates awarded to women were in just 4 CIP Codes: Registered Nursing (19 percent), Cosmetology/Cosmetologist (19 percent), Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training (19 percent), and Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage (19 percent). People of color comprised 72 percent of women receiving degrees and certificates.

In total 23,541 degrees and certificates awarded to men that attended a single CIP Code institution. Almost half of the degrees and certificates awarded to men were awarded in just 5 CIP Codes: Welding Technology/Welder (14 percent), Talmudic Studies (14 percent), Truck and Bus Driver/Commercial Vehicle Operation (12 percent), Barbering/Barber (6 percent), and Gunsmithing/Gunsmith (4 percent). People of color comprised 39 percent of men receiving degrees and certificates. However, the top 5 ranked CIP Codes were different: Truck and Bus Driver/Commercial Vehicle Operation (30 percent), Welding Technology/Welder (35 percent), Barbering/Barber (14 percent), Registered Nursing (10 percent), and Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage (10 percent).

We are eager to know more about new and emerging programs of study in education. Suggestions for changes and additions to the next edition of the CIP can be emailed to CIPSPECIALIST@ed.gov.