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National Center for Education Statistics

1Digital/electronic circulation is defined as usage of digital/electronic titles whether viewed, downloaded, or streamed.

NOTE: Title IV institutions are those with a written agreement with the U.S. Department of Education that allows the institution to participate in any of the Title IV federal student financial assistance programs. United States includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The four U.S. service academies that are not Title IV eligible are included in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) universe because they are federally funded and open to the public. Definitions for terms used in this table may be found in the IPEDS online glossary located at https://surveys.nces.ed.gov/ipeds/public/glossary.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, IPEDS, Spring 2021, Academic Libraries component (preliminary data).