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Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education, by gender

Question:
What information do you have on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education in the U.S. by gender?

Response:

Postsecondary education: STEM degrees

The following table depicts the numbers of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics degrees for varying levels of educational attainment.

Number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees/certificates conferred by postsecondary institutions, by race/ethnicity, level of degree/certificate, and sex of student: 2019–20
Sex and year Total White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native Two or more races Non-resident alien
Total Asian Pacific Islander
Total, all levels of degrees/certificates
Total 773,971 385,132 55,642 94,927 86,389 85,135 1,254 3,007 26,464 122,410
Males 510,937 263,321 33,494 61,963 52,548 51,715 833 2,015 16,395 81,201
Females 263,034 121,811 22,148 32,964 33,841 33,420 421 992 10,069 41,209
Certificates below the associate’s degree level
Total 87,168 48,782 11,765 15,941 5,439 5,218 221 791 2,954 1,496
Males 68,598 39,645 8,683 12,489 3,965 3,792 173 638 2,225 953
Females 18,570 9,137 3,082 3,452 1,474 1,426 48 153 729 543
Associate’s degrees
Total 85,159 44,798 8,289 17,037 8,073 7,862 211 691 3,082 3,189
Males 62,387 35,245 5,558 11,670 5,252 5,100 152 464 2,122 2,076
Females 22,772 9,553 2,731 5,367 2,821 2,762 59 227 960 1,113
Bachelor’s degrees
Total 429,298 234,690 28,114 52,905 58,216 57,511 705 1,267 16,988 37,118
Males 268,910 151,282 15,078 32,160 34,505 34,072 433 757 9,979 25,149
Females 160,388 83,408 13,036 20,745 23,711 23,439 272 510 7,009 11,969
Master’s degrees
Total 142,775 45,504 6,790 7,841 12,606 12,504 102 224 2,850 66,960
Males 91,639 29,996 3,830 4,953 7,592 7,524 68 137 1,735 43,396
Females 51,136 15,508 2,960 2,888 5,014 4,980 34 87 1,115 23,564
Doctor’s degrees
Total 29,571 11,358 684 1,203 2,055 2,040 15 34 590 13,647
Males 19,403 7,153 345 691 1,234 1,227 7 19 334 9,627
Females 10,168 4,205 339 512 821 813 8 15 256 4,020

NOTE: Data in this table represent the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data are for postsecondary institutions participating in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Reported racial/ethnic distributions of students by level of degree, field of study, and sex were used to estimate race/ethnicity for students whose race/ethnicity was not reported. STEM fields include biological and biomedical sciences, computer and information sciences, engineering and engineering technologies, mathematics and statistics, and physical sciences and science technologies. Degree counts are limited to degree-granting institutions; certificate counts include both degree- and non-degree-granting institutions. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics. (2021, September). Table 318.45. Number and percentage distribution of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees/certificates conferred by postsecondary institutions, by race/ethnicity, level of degree/certificate, and sex of student: 2010–11 through 2019–20 [Data table]. In Digest of education statistics. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved March 13, 2022, from https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d21/tables/dt21_318.45.asp

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