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College crime

Question:
What information do you have on college crime?

Response:

In 2014, there were 27,000 criminal incidents against persons and property on campus at public and private 2-year and 4-year postsecondary institutions that were reported to police and security agencies, representing a 2 percent decrease from 2013, when 27,400 criminal incidents were reported.1 The number of on-campus crimes per 10,000 full-time-equivalent (FTE) students2 also decreased, from 18.4 in 2013 to 17.9 in 2014.

Among the various types of on-campus crimes reported in 2014, there were 13,500 burglaries,3 constituting 50 percent of all criminal incidents. Other commonly reported crimes included forcible sex offenses (6,700 incidents, or 25 percent of crimes) and motor vehicle theft (2,900 incidents, or 11 percent of crimes). In addition, 2,100 aggravated assaults and 1,100 robberies4 were reported. These estimates translate to 9.0 burglaries, 4.5 forcible sex offenses, 1.9 motor vehicle thefts, 1.4 aggravated assaults, and 0.7 robberies per 10,000 FTE students.


Number of on-campus crimes reported and number per 10,000 full-time-equivalent (FTE) students in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by selected type of crime: 2001 through 2014

The data in this figure is described in the surrounding text.

1 Includes other reported crimes not separately shown.
2 Unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft.
3 Theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.
4 Any sexual act directed against another person forcibly and/or against that person's will.

NOTE: Data are for degree-granting institutions, which are institutions that grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Some institutions that report Clery Act data—specifically, non-degree-granting institutions and institutions outside of the 50 states and the District of Columbia—are excluded from this figure. Crimes include incidents involving students, staff, and on-campus guests. Excludes off-campus crimes even if they involve college students or staff. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2016 (NCES 2017-064), Figure 22.1.


On-campus crime patterns can also be examined over time: Between 2001 and 2014, the overall number of reported crimes decreased by 35 percent. Although the number of reported on-campus crimes increased by 7 percent between 2001 and 2006 (from 41,600 to 44,500), it decreased by 39 percent between 2006 and 2014 (from 44,500 to 27,000). The number of on-campus crimes reported in 2014 was lower than the number reported in 2001 for every category except forcible sex offenses.5 The number of reported forcible sex crimes on campus increased from 2,200 in 2001 to 6,700 in 2014 (a 205 percent increase).

In 2014, there were 804 criminal incidents classified as hate crimes that occurred on the campuses of public and private 2-year and 4-year postsecondary institutions that were reported to police and security agencies. The most common type of hate crime reported by institutions was intimidation (343 incidents), followed by destruction, damage, and vandalism (327 incidents; hereafter referred to as "vandalism" in this indicator), simple assault (61 incidents), burglary (28 incidents), larceny (18 incidents), aggravated assault (16 incidents), forcible sex offenses (8 incidents), robbery (2 incidents), and arson (1 incident).

1 Some data have been revised from previously published figures.

2 The base of 10,000 FTE students includes students who are enrolled exclusively in distance learning courses and who may not be physically present on campus.

3 Unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft.

4 Taking or attempting to take anything of value using actual or threatened force or violence.

5 The number of negligent manslaughter offenses was the same in 2001 and 2014 (2 incidents).

SOURCE:U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2016 (NCES 2017-064), Indicator 22 and Indicator 23.

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