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Gun-Free Schools Act
The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) was reauthorized by Section 4141 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-110). GFSA requires that each state or outlying area receiving federal funds under the ESEA have a law that requires all local education agencies in these states and outlying areas to expel from school for at least one year any student determined to have brought a firearm to school, or to have possessed a firearm at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education. Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools. (2010). Reports on State Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act.
Selected Measures Taken by Public Schools
In the 2013–14 school year, 43 percent of public schools reported the presence of one or more security guards, security personnel, School Resource Officers, or sworn law enforcement officers at their school at least once a week during the school year.1 The percentage of public schools reporting the presence of security staff did not differ measurably between 2013–14 and prior years in which data on this item were collected. However, the percentage of public schools reporting the presence of full-time security staff was lower in 2013–14 (24 percent) than in prior years, while the percentage of public schools reporting part-time-only security staff in 2013–14 (19 percent) was higher than it was in prior years.
In 2013–14, about 94 percent of public schools reported they had a written plan for procedures to be performed in the event of a natural disaster.2 Eighty-three percent of these schools reported that they had drilled students on the use of the plan. About 88 percent of public schools reported they had a plan for procedures to be performed in the event of a shooting, and 70 percent of these schools had drilled students on the use of the plan. Public schools also reported having plans in place for bomb threats or incidents (88 percent); chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents)3 (60 percent); and hostages (50 percent).
1Security guards or security personnel do not include law enforcement. School Resource Officers include all career law enforcement officers with arrest authority who have specialized training and are assigned to work in collaboration with school organizations. Sworn law enforcement includes sworn law enforcement officers who are not School Resource Officers.
2For example, earthquakes or tornadoes.
3For example, release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
Related Tables and Figures: (Listed by Release Date)
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