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PEDAR: Executive Summary Independent Undergraduates: 1999-2000
Who Are Independent Students?
Demographic Characteristics of Independent Students
Independent Status by Age, Class Level, and Family Responsibilities
Education Financing
Financial Aid by Type of Institution
Research Methodology
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Executive Summary (PDF)
Education Financing

While independent status is determined primarily by age, what truly characterizes independent students and sets them apart from dependent students are their work and family responsibilities. Independent students who had no family responsibilities also appeared to be more self-sufficient than dependent students in at least one important way: they were more likely to work full time while enrolled (57 percent vs. 22 percent) (table 6b).

The types and amounts of aid for which independent students apply and which they receive depend largely upon their family and work responsibilities, attendance status, and where they enroll. In short, their life circumstances, as much as their academic and career goals, work together to shape their varied needs.

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