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PEDAR: Executive Summary Independent Undergraduates: 1999-2000
Who Are Independent Students?
Demographic Characteristics of Independent Students
Independent Status by Age, Class Level, and Family Responsibilities
Education Financing
Financial Aid by Type of Institution
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Education Financing

Independent students attending private for-profit less-than-4-year institutions were more likely than those at other types of institutions to apply for federal financial aid (89 percent vs. 29-53 percent) and, among applicants, were more likely to receive Pell Grants (71 percent vs. 54-62 percent at the other types of institutions) and take out both subsidized and unsubsidized Stafford loans (62 percent vs. 10-44 percent) (table 20).

Compared with their counterparts at other types of institutions, independent students at private not-for-profit 4-year institutions who applied for federal aid were the least likely to receive Pell Grants (54 percent vs. 61-71 percent); however, they borrowed the largest amounts from the Stafford loan programs ($6,800 vs. $3,500-$5,700) (table 20) and carried the highest credit card debt ($4,400 vs. $3,000-$3,800) (table 21). These students were also the most likely to receive financial aid from an employer (25 percent vs. 3-13 percent) (table 21). Compared with those enrolled at public 4-year institutions, independent students attending private not-for-profit institutions were more likely to be age 30 or older (55 percent vs. 40 percent), married (49 percent vs. 40 percent), and employed full time (65 percent vs. 48 percent) (table 2b).

Independent students attending public 2-year institutions, where students pay a lower average tuition than that at other institutions ($1,400 vs. $3,600-$9,900) (table 9), were the least likely to apply for financial aid (50 percent vs. 68-95 percent) (table 15) and also received the smallest average amount of aid ($3,400 vs. $7,200-$9,700) (table 9).

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