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PEDAR: References Gender and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Salary and Other Characteristics of Postsecondary Faculty: Fall 1998
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)

Alpert, D. (1989). Gender Inequity in Academia: An Empirical Analysis. Initiatives, 52(2): 9–14.

American Association of University Professors. (1999). Ups and Downs: The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession 1998-99. Academe, 85(2): 1-97.

Ashraf, J. (1996). The Influence of Gender on Faculty Salaries in the United States, 1969–89. Applied Economics, 28: 857–864.

Barbezat, D.A. (1991). Updating Estimates of Male-Female Salary Differentials in the Academic Labor Market. Economics Letters, 36: 191–195.

Bellas, M.L. (1997). Disciplinary Differences in Faculty Salaries: Does Gender Bias Play a Role? Journal of Higher Education, 68(3): 299–321.

Bellas, M.L., and Toutkoushian, R.K. (1999). Faculty Time Allocations and Research Productivity: Gender, Race, and Family Effects. Review of Higher Education, 22(4): 367–390.

Fairweather, J.S. (1995). Myths and Realities of Academic Labor Markets. Economics of Education Review, 14(2): 179–192.

Glazer-Raymo, J. (1999). Shattering the Myths: Women in Academe. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Jusenius, C.L., and Scheffler, R.M. (1981). Earnings Differentials Among Academic Economists: Empirical Evidence on Race and Sex. Journal of Economics and Business, 33(2): 88–96.

Nettles, M.T., Perna, L.W., and Bradburn, E.M. (2000). Salary, Promotion, and Tenure Status of Minority and Women Faculty in U.S. Colleges and Universities (NCES 2000–173). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Smart, J.C. (1991). Gender Equity in Academic Rank and Salary. Review of Higher Education, 14(4): 511–526.