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PEDAR: Executive Summary Gender and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Salary and Other Characteristics of Postsecondary Faculty: Fall 1998
Differences Between Male and Female Faculty Members
Differences Among Racial/Ethnic Groups
Other Findings
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)
Differences Among Racial/Ethnic Groups

Overall, Asian/Pacific Islander faculty salaries were higher than White faculty salaries, which were higher than Black faculty salaries. Full-time White faculty averaged $57,000 in base salary from their institutions in 1998, compared with $62,800 for Asian faculty and $50,400 for Black faculty. No salary difference was found between Hispanic faculty, who earned about $54,400 on average, and White faculty. After controlling for the other variables in this analysis, no differences were observed in average salaries across racial/ethnic categories.

The analysis of faculty outcomes and characteristics in fall 1998, which makes racial/ethnic comparisons separately for men and women, shows that racial/ethnic differences were more often found among men than among women. When racial/ethnic differences did emerge, there were more differences between Whites and Asians than between Whites and Blacks. Hispanic faculty displayed the fewest differences from White faculty overall. In some cases, small sample sizes and large standard errors meant that apparent differences were not statistically conclusive.

In general, full-time Asian/Pacific Islander faculty were more likely than full-time White faculty to have several kinds of characteristics that are associated with higher salaries. For example, they were more likely to work at public doctoral institutions and to teach in the natural sciences and engineering. They also spent a higher average proportion of their time engaged in research, and they produced more recent scholarly works. In contrast, Black faculty were less likely than White faculty to have certain characteristics associated with higher pay. Thus, Black faculty were less likely than White faculty to be full professors or to hold tenure. They were also less likely to work at doctoral institutions and more likely to teach in the social sciences and education. While Asian faculty were more likely than White faculty, who in turn were more likely than Black faculty, to have doctoral or first-professional degrees, White faculty had more experience than faculty belonging to any of the other three racial/ethnic groups. Compared with Asian, Black, and Hispanic faculty, White faculty had held their highest degrees and their current jobs longer. White faculty were also older than their Asian and Hispanic colleagues.

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