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PEDAR: Executive Summary Bridging the Gap
Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Full Report (PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF)

1 Students' status with respect to the "persistence track to a bachelor's degree" is defined by three values: stayed on the persistence track (i.e., stayed in the same 4-year institution or made a lateral transfer to a different 4-year institution), left the persistence track ("stopped out" for more than 4 months or made an immediate or delayed downward transfer), or left postsecondary education (was neither still enrolled at the initial institution nor had transferred to another postsecondary institution). (return to text)

2 "Academic rigor" is defined by four variables that describe the overall difficulty of students' high school coursework: core New Basics or below, beyond New Basics I (somewhat exceeded core New Basics), beyond New Basics II (substantially exceeded core New Basics), and rigorous (maximally exceeded core New Basics). (return to text)

3 Whenever the term "college graduates" is used, it means that at least one parent had attained a bachelor's degree. (return to text)

4 An "enrollment spell" is defined as a period of enrollment without a break of more than 4 months. The number of enrollment spells counts the periods of continuous enrollment (at any institution), each separated by more than 4 months of nonenrollment, through June 1998. (return to text)

5 An enrollment spell may end either with a stopout or leaving without return. A "stopout" is defined as a break in enrollment of more than 4 months and a return to postsecondary education. Leaving without return is no enrollment for a period of more than 4 months and no return to postsecondary education as of spring 1998. (return to text)