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Table 8. Title I allocations and Title I expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education, by state or jurisdiction: FY 2021

          Current expenditures3
[in thousands of dollars]
     
State or jurisdiction Title I grants for the disadvantaged,
FY 201
[in thousands
of dollars]
  School year 2020–21
student
membership2
  Total   Title I
expenditures6
  Title I
carryover
expenditures7
  Current
expenditures per
pupil4
  Title I
expenditures per
pupil5
                           
United States8 $16,144,967   49,211,213   $703,472,4779, 10   $13,721,745   $2,564,780   $14,2959   $331
                           
Alabama 269,357   734,559   7,880,052   231,246   33,210   10,728   360
Alaska 67,989   129,872   2,537,694   78,484   0   19,540   604
Arizona 357,288   1,098,017   10,508,680   261,651   0   9,571   238
Arkansas 172,382   486,305   5,465,366   157,324   0   11,239   324
California 2,113,451   6,002,392   88,216,7839   1,402,927   533,493   14,6979   323
                           
Colorado 161,309   883,199   10,803,824   158,858   961   12,233   181
Connecticut 145,401   509,058   11,309,002   93,001   33,453   22,216   248
Delaware 55,300   138,092   2,290,819   29,568   20,725   16,589   364
District of Columbia 50,549   89,883   2,257,263   41,025   2,349   25,113   483
Florida 943,482   2,791,707   30,214,859   850,974   15,195   10,823   310
                           
Georgia 568,371   1,730,015   20,946,669   460,209   86,001   12,108   316
Hawaii 56,766   176,441   2,920,092   18,123   38,180   16,550   319
Idaho 64,631   307,581   2,784,793   58,793   0   9,054   191
Illinois 670,745   1,881,437   34,857,171   434,832   188,755   18,527   331
Indiana 266,798   1,033,964   11,798,848   242,633   0   11,411   235
                           
Iowa 105,420   506,656   6,441,809   89,185   9,627   12,714   195
Kansas 115,996   481,750   6,160,469   89,197   7,923   12,788   202
Kentucky 281,490   658,809   7,916,275   191,975   56,540   12,016   377
Louisiana 348,593   693,150   9,137,829   162,940   105,463   13,183   387
Maine 56,117   172,455   3,170,667   26,583   22,237   18,385   283
                           
Maryland 255,752   882,527   14,890,629   193,342   53,297   16,873   279
Massachusetts 244,876   921,712   19,843,547   179,235   47,633   21,529   246
Michigan 500,042   1,434,137   19,146,700   437,256   0   13,351   305
Minnesota 177,023   872,083   12,394,806   164,147   0   14,213   188
Mississippi 216,693   442,627   4,452,945   223,875   0   10,060   506
                           
Missouri 262,474   882,477   10,588,953   259,842   39,535   11,999   339
Montana 52,564   146,252   1,939,578   68,209   4,203   13,262   495
Nebraska 81,825   324,697   4,455,663   82,125   0   13,723   253
Nevada 140,158   482,348   4,858,509   126,684   13,751   10,073   291
New Hampshire 46,629   164,491   3,190,438   40,134   0   19,396   244
                           
New Jersey 372,641   1,373,960   31,304,354   368,678   0   22,784   268
New Mexico 132,134   316,840   3,774,331   141,143   0   11,912   445
New York 1,207,361   2,545,847   66,439,455   1,842,007   383,530   26,097   874
North Carolina 483,118   1,513,677   15,921,684   456,797   0   10,519   302
North Dakota 41,116   114,955   1,740,353   44,460   0   15,139   387
                           
Ohio 596,307   1,645,412   23,675,934   556,056   15,888   14,389   348
Oklahoma 201,198   694,113   6,999,259   205,427   40,704   10,084   355
Oregon 178,581   560,917   7,751,946   153,219   9,588   13,820   290
Pennsylvania 674,282   1,704,396   30,375,252   575,162   46,191   17,822   365
Rhode Island 55,466   139,184   2,617,982   50,654   7,647   18,810   419
                           
South Carolina 279,106   766,819   9,308,454   261,172   0   12,139   341
South Dakota 51,377   139,566   1,548,522   32,578   22,030   11,095   391
Tennessee 330,397   985,207   10,414,835   221,232   66,964   10,571   293
Texas 1,654,461   5,372,806   59,364,375   1,206,554   430,415   11,049   305
Utah 83,961   680,659   6,135,506   48,240   35,271   9,014   123
                           
Vermont 38,374   82,401   1,981,766   19,381   5,220   24,050   299
Virginia 278,955   1,251,639   17,342,413   252,394   0   13,856   202
Washington 286,485   1,087,354   16,978,93610   138,029   117,434   15,615   235
West Virginia 102,365   253,930   3,372,050   74,610   23,692   13,279   387
Wisconsin 206,683   830,066   11,361,441   193,023   34,979   13,687   275
Wyoming 41,130   92,772   1,682,896   26,552   12,696   18,140   423
Other jurisdictions                          
American Samoa 20,008   10,246   77,342   20,008   0   7,548   1,953
Guam 21,679   27,497   348,421   0   0   12,671   0
Commonwealth of the
Northern Mariana Islands
12,094     93,376   0   0    
Puerto Rico 391,656   276,413   2,103,412   242,144   42,063   7,610   1,028
U.S. Virgin Islands 10,438   10,993   180,024   0   0   16,376   0
— Not available. Data are missing for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands because the jurisdiction did not report student membership.
1 FY 20 U.S. Department of Education funds are available for spending by school districts beginning with the 2020–21 school year. Title I grants for the disadvantaged include allocations for Grants to Local Education Agencies (Basic, Concentration, Targeted, and Education Finance Incentive Grants); Migrant Education Grants; and Neglected and Delinquent Children Grants.
2 The student membership variable is derived from the State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey. In FY 21, Arizona, New York, and Oregon indicated that the state fiscal data reported in the National Public Education Financial Survey (NPEFS) did not include finance data for prekindergarten programs. In these states, the NPEFS total student membership variable excludes prekindergarten membership. Illinois and New Hampshire indicated that the state fiscal data reported in NPEFS did not include independent charter school districts, and students in those independent charter school districts are excluded from the NPEFS total student membership. California did not report prekindergarten membership in the State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey. In FY 21, the prekindergarten membership reported in the State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey public release file was imputed based on the number of preschool students with disabilities, as reported for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Prekindergarten membership is likely much higher; therefore, the NPEFS total student membership variable excludes all prekindergarten membership counts reported in the State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey for California in FY 21.
3 Current expenditures include instruction, instruction-related, support services, and other elementary/secondary current expenditures, but exclude expenditures on capital outlay, other programs, and interest on long-term debt.
4 Current expenditures per pupil are calculated by dividing current expenditures by membership.
5 Title I expenditures per pupil are calculated as current and carryover expenditures divided by total membership, which includes both Title I eligible students and noneligible students. Title I expenditures per pupil are included in current expenditures per pupil.
6 Title I expenditures are expenditures from the original Title I grant under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
7 Title I carryover expenditures are expenditures made against the original Title I grant of the prior fiscal year.
8 United States totals include the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
9 California did not report prekindergarten membership in the State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey. California reported prekindergarten expenditures separately, and these expenditures were excluded from the amounts reported in this table. This table does include expenditures for special education preschool programs along with K–12 expenditures in California.
10 Value affected by redistribution of reported values to correct for missing data items and/or to distribute state direct support expenditures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey (NPEFS)," FY 21, Provisional Version 1a; "State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey," school year 2020–21, Provisional Version 1a; and Digest of Education Statistics 2021, table 401.60. Retrieved March 9, 2023, from https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d21/tables/dt21_401.60.asp.