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Table 1. Operational and student membership status of public elementary and secondary schools and agencies in the United States, by type:
School year 2022–23

                           
  School type     Agency type
Status of public elementary
and secondary schools and
agencies
All schools  Regular  Special
education 
Career and 
technical 
Alternative
education 
  All agencies  Regular
school 
districts1
Supervisory
unions2
Service
agencies3
Independent
charter
agencies4
State
agencies 
Federal and
other
agencies 
All 101,105 91,763 1,935 1,597 5,810   19,497 13,346 216 1,149 4,339 197 250
                           
Operating schools/agencies5 99,409 90,604 1,882 1,571 5,352   19,204 13,318 112 1,131 4,208 191 244
Continuing 98,374 89,764 1,834 1,544 5,232   19,047 13,304 112 1,128 4,071 189 243
Added6 73 45 8 4 16   0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Reopened 19 12 0 0 7   1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Changed boundary / agency7 57 50 0 3 4   36 3 0 0 33 0 0
New8 886 733 40 20 93   120 10 0 3 104 2 1
                           
Nonoperating schools/agencies 1,696 1,159 53 26 458   293 28 104 18 131 6 6
Inactive9 479 187 6 11 275   44 14 0 0 27 0 3
Closed 878 671 44 10 153   197 11 104 16 59 4 3
Future10 339 301 3 5 30   52 3 0 2 45 2 0
                           
Student membership and status of operating schools/agencies                          
With membership11 95,879 89,822 1,392 521 4,144   17,833 13,203 0 293 4,187 117 33
Without membership, providing
   instruction
   (shared time)12
1,734 60 290 974 410  
Without membership (not
   shared time)13
1,796 722 200 76 798   1,371 115 112 838 21 74 211
† Not applicable.
1Includes agencies classified as both Regular public school districts that are not a component of a supervisory union and Regular public school districts that are a component of a supervisory union.
2Supervisory unions provide administrative services to school districts through a common superintendent.
3Includes agencies that do not operate schools but instead provide specialized educational services or related services (such as services in IEPs) to other education agencies that those agencies cannot provide themselves. Also includes specialized public school districts that operate one or more schools for a specific education need or purpose.
4Independent charter agencies contain only charter schools. Other charter schools may be reported through a different LEA type that contains both charter and non-charter schools.
5Operating schools/agencies include all those providing services as of the start of the reported school year.
6Added schools/agencies are reported for the first time although they have been operating for more than 1 year.
7Schools that changed agency are affiliated with a different local education agency than that reported in the previous year.
8New schools/agencies opened for the first time within the school year reported.
9Inactive schools/agencies are closed temporarily and expected to reopen within 3 years.
10Future schools/agencies are expected to open within 2 years.
11Membership is the count of students enrolled on October 1 of the reported school year. Student membership excludes adult education students.
12Shared time schools provide instruction on a regular basis to students whose membership is reported by another school. Schools not reporting a shared time status are counted as "not shared time" schools.
13Includes schools for which membership is 0, missing, or not applicable.
NOTE: Table includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Charter status is independent of school type; charter schools are included in the school type totals. For analytical purposes, the member LEAs within the New York City supervisory union are reported as a single LEA. Refer to the EDFacts Directory (FS029) file specifications for additional information on the relationship between the CCD directory variables UNION and LEA_TYPE (https://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/edfacts/file-specifications.html).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/ Secondary School Universe Survey," 2022–23, Provisional Version 1a and "Local Education Agency Universe Survey," 2022–23, Provisional Version 1a.