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Table 1. Operational and student membership status of public elementary and secondary schools and agencies in the United States, by type:
School year 2018–19

                           
  School type     Agency type
Status of public elementary
and secondary schools and
agencies
All schools  Regular  Special
education 
Career and 
technical 
Alternative
education 
  All agencies  Regular
school 
districts 
Supervisory
unions1 
Service
agencies2 
Independent
charter
agencies3 
State
agencies 
Federal and
other
agencies 
All 100,788 91,423 2,116 1,549 5,700   19,618 13,572 224 1,2024,259 218 143
                           
Operating schools/agencies4 98,780 90,019 2,062 1,511 5,188   19,289 13,452 216 1,199 4,072 208 142
Continuing 96,319 87,916 1,896 1,475 5,032   18,054 13,405 212 1,196 2,906 197 138
Added5 81 32 26 0 23   7 0 0 1 2 0 4
Reopened 24 15 1 1 7   0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Changed agency / boundary6 1,028 1,011 0 0 17   14 11 0 0 3 0 0
New7 1,328 1,045 139 35 109   1,214 36 4 2 1,161 11 0
                           
Nonoperating schools/agencies 2,008 1,404 54 38 512   329 120 8 3 187 10 1
Inactive8 482 174 10 10 288   28 13 0 0 14 0 1
Closed 1,189 921 41 27 200   252 105 8 3 126 10 0
Future9 337 309 3 1 24   49 2 0 0 47 0 0
                           
Student membership10 and status
of operating schools/agencies
                         
With membership 95,444 89,197 1,639 328 4,280   17,717 13,317 0 245 4,004 132 19
Without membership, providing
instruction (shared time)11,12
1,430 80 60 916 374  
Without membership (not
shared time)
1,906 742 363 267 534   1,572 135 216 954 68 76 123
† Not applicable.
1 Supervisory unions provide administrative services to school districts through a common superintendent.
2 This category includes service agencies (agencies that do not operate schools but instead provide specialized educational services or related services (such as services in IEPs)) to other education agencies that the agencies cannot readily provide for themselves and specialized public school districts which operate one or more school for a specific education need or purpose.
3 Independent charter agencies contain only charter schools. Other charter schools may be reported through a different LEA type that contains both charter and noncharter schools.
4 Operating schools/agencies include all those providing services as of the start of the reported school year. The member LEAs within the New York City supervisory union are reported as a single LEA. The total number of operating schools/agencies excludes entities also reported by the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE). The specific list of entities, along with the links to entities operated in those states, is available in the CCD Reference Library, document #5 (https://nces.ed.gov/ccd/reference_library.asp).
5 Added schools/agencies are reported for the first time although they have been operating for more than 1 year.
6 Schools that changed agency are affiliated with a different local education agency than that reported in the previous year.
7 New schools/agencies opened for the first time within the school year reported.
8 Inactive schools/agencies are closed temporarily and expected to reopen within 3 years.
9 Future schools/agencies are expected to open within 2 years.
10 Membership is the count of students enrolled on October 1 of the reported school year.
11 Shared time schools provide instruction on a regular basis to students whose membership is reported by another school. Schools not reporting a shared time status are counted as "not shared time" schools.
12 Includes schools for which membership is 0, missing, or not applicable.
NOTE: Table includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Charter status is independent of school type; charter schools are included in the school type totals. For analytical purposes, New York City Public Schools, New York, is treated as a single regular school district.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/ Secondary School Universe Survey", 2018–19, Provisional Version 1a and "Local Education Agency Universe Survey", 2018–19, Provisional Version 1a.