How many children are homeschooled in the United States?
Homeschooled students are school-age children (ages 5–17) in a grade equivalent to at least kindergarten and not higher than 12th grade who receive instruction at home instead of at a public or private school either all or most of the time.
Approximately 3 percent of the school-age population was homeschooled in the 2011–12 school year. Among children who were homeschooled, a higher percentage were White (83 percent) than Black (5 percent), Hispanic (7 percent), and Asian or Pacific Islander (2 percent).
Parents gave a number of different reasons for homeschooling their children. In the 2011–12 school year, 91 percent of homeschooled students had parents who said that a concern about the environment of other schools was an important reason for homeschooling their child, which was a higher percentage than for other reasons listed.
SOURCE: Redford, J., Battle, D., and Bielick, S. (2017). Homeschooling in the United States: 2012 (NCES 2016-096REV). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
Related Tables and Figures: (Listed by Release Date)
- 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 206.10. Number and percentage of homeschooled students ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through 12th grade, by selected child, parent, and household characteristics: Selected years, 1999 through 2016
- 2009, The Condition of Education 2009: Number and percentage distribution of all school-age children who were homeschooled and homeschooling rate, by selected characteristics: 1999, 2003, and 2007
- 2009, The Condition of Education 2009: Number and percentage of school-age children who were homeschooled, by reasons parents gave as important and most important for homeschooling: 2007
Other Resources: (Listed by Release Date)
- 2019, National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES): This site provides access to publications and data on learning at all ages, from early childhood to school age through adulthood.
- 2019, School Choice in the United States: 2019
- 2017, NCES Blog: A Fresh Look at Homeschooling in the U.S.
- 2017, NCES Blog: Measuring the Homeschool Population
- 2017, Parent and Family Involvement in Education: Results from the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2016
- 2016, Percentage of school-age children who were homeschooled, ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through grade 12, by reasons parents gave as important and most important for homeschooling and race and ethnicity: 2015–16
- 2010, Trends in the Use of School Choice: 1993 to 2007
- 2008, 1.5 Million Homeschooled Students in the United States in 2007