What percentage of students with disabilities are educated in general classrooms?
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), enacted in 1975, mandates that children and youth ages 3–21 with disabilities be provided a free and appropriate public school education.
In fall 2018, some 95 percent of 6- to 21-year-old students with disabilities were served in regular schools; 3 percent were served in a separate school for students with disabilities; 1 percent were placed in regular private schools by their parents; and less than 1 percent each were served in one of the following environments: homebound or in a hospital, in a separate residential facility, or in a correctional facility.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2021). Digest of Education Statistics, 2019 (NCES 2021-009), Chapter 2.
|Percentage distribution of students 6 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by educational environment and type of disability: Fall 2018|
|Type of disability||All environments||Regular school, time inside general class||Separate school for students with disabilities||Separate residential facility||Parentally placed in regular private school1||Homebound/hospital placement||Correctional facility|
|Less than 40 percent||40–79 percent||80 percent or more||All students with disabilities||100.0||13.1||18.0||64.0||2.7||0.2||1.4||0.4||0.2|
|Emotional disturbance||100.0||17.2||17.4||49.6||12.1||1.1||0.4||1.1||1.1||Hearing impairment||100.0||10.5||14.7||63.3||7.8||1.9||1.6||0.2||#||Intellectual disability||100.0||48.5||27.5||17.3||5.4||0.3||0.3||0.5||0.1||Multiple disabilities||100.0||44.9||17.6||14.2||17.8||1.2||0.7||3.6||0.1||Orthopedic impairment||100.0||22.1||15.6||54.3||3.8||0.1||1.3||2.8||#||Other health impairment2||100.0||8.5||20.2||67.3||1.7||0.2||1.3||0.6||0.2||Specific learning disability||100.0||4.6||21.4||72.2||0.4||#||1.1||0.1||0.2||Speech or language impairment||100.0||3.9||4.6||87.8||0.2||#||3.5||0.1||#||Traumatic brain injury||100.0||19.7||21.5||51.0||4.7||0.5||0.9||1.6||0.1|
# Rounds to zero.
1 Students who are enrolled by their parents or guardians in regular private schools and have their basic education paid through private resources but receive special education services at public expense. These students are not included under "Regular school, time inside general class."
2 Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
NOTE: Data are for the 50 states and the District of Columbia only. Includes fall 2015 data for 6- to 21-year-olds in Wisconsin because fall 2018 data were not available for children served in Wisconsin. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2021). Digest of Education Statistics, 2019 (NCES 2021-009), Table 204.60.
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