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Preprimary education enrollment

Question:
What percentage of children are enrolled in preprimary education?

Response:

Preprimary programs are groups or classes that are organized to provide educational experiences for children and include kindergarten and preschool programs. Child care programs that are not primarily designed to provide educational experiences, such as daycare programs, are not included in preprimary programs.

The percentages of 3-year-olds, 4-year-olds, and 5-year-olds enrolled in preprimary programs fluctuated between 2000 and 2015. In 2015, some 38 percent of 3-year-olds, 67 percent of 4-year-olds, and 87 percent of 5-year-olds were enrolled in preprimary programs, which were not measurably different from the percentages enrolled in 2000 (39 percent, 65 percent, and 88 percent, respectively). In 2015, the percentage of children enrolled in preprimary programs remained higher for 5-year-olds than for 4-year-olds, and higher for 4-year-olds than for 3-year-olds.

Among 3- to 5-year-olds who were enrolled in preschool programs in 2015, some 51 percent attended full-day programs. The percentage of 3- to 5-year-old preschool students attending full-day programs in 2015 was not measurably different from the percentage attending full-day programs in 2000. Among 3- to 5-year-olds attending kindergarten, the percentage attending full-day programs increased from 60 percent in 2000 to 81 percent in 2015. In every year from 2000 to 2015, the percentage of 3- to 5-year-old kindergarten students enrolled in full-day programs was greater than the percentage of 3- to 5-year-old preschool students enrolled in full-day programs.


Percentage of 3- to 5-year-old children in preprimary programs attending full-day programs, by program type: 2000 through 2015

The data in this figure is described in the surrounding text.

NOTE: “Preprimary programs” are groups or classes that are organized to provide educational experiences for children and include kindergarten, preschool, and nursery school programs. Enrollment data for 5-year-olds include only those students in preprimary programs and do not include those enrolled in primary programs. Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutional population.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). The Condition of Education 2017 (NCES 2017-144), Preschool and Kindergarten Enrollment.

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