What information do you have on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education in the U.S. by gender?
Secondary education: STEM Education and Career Expectations
In 2009, a higher percentage of males than females reported that they liked mathematics (59 vs. 53 percent). In addition, 50 percent of male high school graduates said that mathematics was one of their favorite subjects, compared to 43 percent of female high school graduates. Similarly, in 2009, higher percentages of males reported that they liked science or that science was a favorite subject.
Variation existed in the percentages of male and female 2009 high school graduates who earned credits for STEM courses. Compared to males, higher percentages of females earned credits in algebra II, precalculus, advanced biology, chemistry, and health science/technologies. However, higher percentages of males earned credits in physics, engineering, engineering/science technologies, and computer/information science.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). Gender Differences in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Interest, Credits Earned, and NAEP Performance in the 12th Grade (NCES 2015-075).
In 2015, some 40 percent of all U.S. 15-year-old students expected to have either a health or STEM career at age 30. Specifically, 23 percent expected to have a health career and 16 percent expected to have a STEM career. While a greater percentage of female students expected to have a health career than did male students (37 percent vs. 9 percent), a greater percentage of male students expected to have a STEM career than did female students (26 percent vs. 7 percent).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2020). Health and STEM Career Expectations and Science Literacy Achievement of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students (NCES 2020-034).
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