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Libraries

Question:
What information do you have on postsecondary academic libraries and public libraries?

Response:

In 2018–19, there were libraries at 93 percent of degree-granting postsecondary institutions overall, including 96 percent of public institutions, 95 percent of private nonprofit institutions, and 79 percent of private for-profit institutions.

Collections and operating expenditures of degree-granting postsecondary institution libraries: 2018–19
School level, enrollment size, and locale Total Public Private nonprofit Private for-profit
Number of libraries 3,697 1,560 1,584 553
Percentage of institutions with libraries 92.8 96.0 95.4 79.3
Number of circulation transactions (in thousands) 701,282 439,772 203,166 58,343
Physical transactions 46,071 27,842 17,745 485
Electronic transactions 655,210 411,931 185,422 57,857
Number of circulation transactions per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student 47 42 58 77
Collections (in thousands)
Total number of physical and electronic materials (books, media, and databases) 2,567,494 1,383,882 956,253 227,360
Number of books 1,795,747 955,123 727,793 112,831
Number of media (includes audiovisual materials) 770,230 428,087 227,923 114,220
Number of databases (electronic only) 1,517 672 537 309
Library operating expenditures1
Total operating expenditures (in thousands of current dollars) $8,387,543 $4,932,204 $3,379,783 $75,556
Operating expenditures per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student
In current dollars 568 470 958 100
Information resource expenditures per FTE student
In current dollars 216 172 386 44

1 Excludes capital outlay. Expenditure data are reported only by degree-granting institutions with total expenditures over $100,000.
NOTE: Data in this table represent the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics. (2021, June). Table 701.40. Collections, staff, and operating expenditures of degree-granting postsecondary institution libraries: Selected years, 2001–02 through 2018–19 [Data table]. In Digest of education statistics. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved January 25, 2022, from https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d20/tables/dt20_701.40.asp.


In 2019, there were 9,057 public libraries in the United States with a total of 687 million books and serial volumes. The annual number of visits per capita—that is, per resident of the areas served by the libraries—was 3.9, the annual number of reference transactions per capita was 0.7, and the annual number of uses of public-access internet computers per capita was 0.7.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics. (2021, September). Table 701.60. Number of public libraries, number of books and serial volumes, and per capita usage of selected library services per year, by state: Fiscal years 2018 and 2019 [Data table]. In Digest of education statistics. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved March 25, 2022, from https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d21/tables/dt21_701.60.asp.

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