Skip Navigation
Search Results  |  Tables Library Home  |  DataLab View Table

Table 1.0. OUT-OF-POCKET NET PRICE: Average out-of-pocket net price among undergraduates, by institution control and level and selected student characteristics: 2015–16

Public Private
4-year non-doctorate-granting Nonprofit For-profit
Selected student characteristics Less- than- 2-year 2-year Primarily subbaccalaureate1 Primarily baccalaureate 4-year doctorate-granting Less- than- 4-year 4-year non-doctorate-granting 4-year doctorate-granting Less- than- 2-year 2-year 4-year All institutions
Total $6,300 $6,700 $7,500 $9,600 $12,000 $16,000 $12,700 $17,400 $13,300 $12,000 $8,800 $9,900
Attendance status2
Full-time/full-year 9,600 10,400 11,800 11,400 14,400 22,300 16,700 22,100 16,000 17,600 16,600 14,900
Full-time/part-year 4,200 5,600 6,100 7,300 7,200 12,800 8,300 12,200 11,900 10,200 6,200 7,600
Part-time/full-year 7,800 9,000 9,200 10,000 11,400 11,600 10,300 13,600 17,200 11,000 10,300 9,900
Part-time/part-year 3,600 3,900 4,100 6,100 5,800 5,600 5,000 5,600 10,400 7,900 4,600 4,500
Housing
On campus 4,500 9,200 10,600 12,500 17,000 22,400 10,400 15,000
Off campus 7,600 6,800 7,600 9,400 12,100 16,300 9,900 14,300 13,800 12,300 8,700 9,400
Living with parents 5,000 6,600 7,300 9,100 10,600 15,200 9,800 13,100 12,100 11,300 8,900 8,100
Total price of attendance3
Less than $7,500 3,200 3,400 3,400 3,800 3,900 3,300 2,900 3,700 3,700 3,200 3,400
$7,500–$14,499 6,600 7,500 7,500 6,700 5,900 5,400 5,900 5,800 7,000 7,000 4,600 6,900
$14,500–$24,499 10,800 12,100 12,300 9,700 9,300 11,900 8,100 8,700 12,100 10,100 7,000 10,200
$24,500 or more 22,700 21,500 15,500 18,000 23,300 17,800 22,600 18,600 19,400 16,600 19,100
Sex
Male 5,800 6,700 7,100 10,000 12,400 13,800 12,800 19,600 12,300 12,500 8,500 10,100
Female 6,700 6,700 7,900 9,300 11,600 17,000 12,700 15,900 13,600 11,700 8,900 9,800
Race/ethnicity4
White 5,900 6,600 7,700 10,000 12,500 16,400 13,700 17,600 13,700 12,200 8,400 10,300
Black 4,800 6,200 6,800 8,500 7,800 14,100 8,100 9,000 13,400 10,800 8,100 7,700
Hispanic 6,800 7,300 9,300 10,500 17,100 10,500 14,900 12,700 11,800 9,300 8,900
Asian 8,400 9,900 10,300 17,900 18,500 23,200 30,100 14,200 17,000 15,100 15,200
American Indian 5,900 5,000 ! 7,300 10,400 9,900 ! 10,400 8,800 7,300
Pacific Islander 6,800 11,900 10,200 8,300
Two or more races 6,400 8,000 8,200 11,000 12,400 20,500 13,000 13,600 8,000 9,700
Age as of 12/31/15
18 years or younger 7,700 8,200 10,400 12,900 9,700 15,900 21,500 9,800 10,600 10,200 11,600
19–23 years 5,500 7,100 7,800 10,000 13,200 15,500 15,300 20,900 13,000 12,300 10,300 11,500
24–29 years 6,400 6,300 6,800 9,500 8,700 16,900 9,300 11,300 14,300 12,000 8,500 8,000
30–39 years 7,400 6,100 7,900 7,500 8,200 14,900 6,900 8,500 13,500 11,600 8,200 7,500
40 years or older 7,700 5,900 6,900 7,800 7,900 18,600 7,200 8,400 13,300 12,600 7,900 7,200
Dependency and family status5
Dependent 5,000 7,200 7,700 10,200 13,100 14,300 15,700 20,300 11,700 12,100 11,100 11,600
Independent6 7,000 6,300 7,400 8,700 9,400 16,600 8,700 12,900 13,900 12,000 8,300 8,200
Unmarried, no dependents 5,600 6,300 6,800 9,300 10,000 15,500 10,100 14,400 14,200 12,800 9,000 8,500
Married, no dependents 6,300 7,800 8,500 10,800 20,300 7,900 10,300 13,800 12,500 8,300 7,900
Unmarried with dependents 7,000 6,200 7,100 9,100 8,000 17,100 9,100 15,100 13,800 11,500 8,000 8,300
Married with dependents 8,400 6,500 8,800 7,000 8,000 16,800 6,900 9,000 13,600 11,700 7,800 7,500
Dependency status and income level in 20147
Dependent
Less than $20,000 6,000 6,200 7,000 9,000 13,500 8,700 11,000 10,100 9,800 10,100 7,700
$20,000–$39,999 6,400 6,800 7,700 9,000 11,800 ! 9,300 11,300 11,200 11,900 9,300 8,100
$40,000–$59,999 7,500 7,500 8,700 10,500 14,800 ! 11,300 11,500 13,200 12,600 12,600 9,400
$60,000–$79,999 7,900 9,200 10,700 12,800 14,800 12,600 18,000 12,500 13,500 10,700 11,000
$80,000–$99,999 7,800 8,900 11,700 13,600 14,200 17,600 14,500 13,300 12,700 11,800
$100,000 or more 8,600 9,100 13,400 17,000 17,600 23,800 27,600 14,100 17,500 15,100 17,200
Dependency status and income level in 2014
Independent
Less than $10,000 7,200 6,400 7,200 9,500 10,500 15,200 11,300 18,300 14,300 12,100 8,100 9,200
$10,000–$19,999 4,800 6,300 6,800 8,100 7,800 18,500 7,900 12,500 13,200 11,400 8,200 7,800
$20,000–$29,999 6,800 6,300 6,700 8,800 9,200 16,600 8,300 10,700 13,600 11,800 8,300 7,800
$30,000–$49,999 6,600 6,300 7,500 8,400 8,500 15,900 7,600 10,700 14,200 11,300 8,400 7,700
$50,000 or more 6,100 8,600 8,100 9,700 19,500 7,500 9,600 14,000 14,000 8,600 7,700
Income group8
Lowest 25 percent 5,500 6,200 6,600 8,100 9,700 15,100 9,700 14,100 12,800 11,400 8,600 8,400
Middle 50 percent 6,100 6,800 7,600 9,500 10,900 16,300 11,000 14,600 13,500 12,000 8,700 9,200
Highest 25 percent 8,200 6,900 8,700 11,100 15,700 17,800 17,200 22,200 14,100 14,200 9,200 12,800
Worked while enrolled9
Did not work 6,100 6,700 7,400 9,400 13,000 15,900 14,200 19,500 12,800 11,900 9,200 11,000
Worked part time 7,000 7,000 7,800 10,300 11,700 15,400 13,400 18,300 13,600 12,600 9,100 10,200
Worked full time 5,400 6,300 7,400 8,500 9,700 16,900 8,400 11,800 13,600 11,700 8,300 8,000
Military status10
Veterans 4,500 4,400 5,500 5,200 11,400 5,000 8,100 8,800 6,200 5,400 5,200
Military service members
Active duty 5,100 4,500 7,400 7,600 6,500 9,100 7,400 5,000 6,000
Reserves or National Guard 6,700 7,700 8,500
Nonmilitary students 6,200 6,800 7,700 9,700 12,200 16,400 13,200 17,800 13,500 12,400 9,400 10,200
Highest education attained by either parent
High school diploma or less 6,700 6,400 7,000 8,600 9,700 16,200 9,800 13,000 12,500 11,600 8,700 8,200
Some postsecondary education 5,800 6,600 7,400 8,600 9,800 15,100 9,300 11,800 13,700 11,900 8,600 8,400
Bachelor’s degree or higher 6,000 7,000 8,100 10,600 13,600 17,200 15,600 20,900 13,600 12,800 9,100 12,000
Total aid status12
No aid 7,900 7,400 8,600 14,400 20,100 21,700 21,100 34,400 18,800 17,100 13,700 11,900
Received aid 5,600 6,200 6,900 8,200 10,100 14,700 11,400 14,800 12,100 10,900 8,200 9,100
Total grant status13
No grant 7,300 7,100 8,200 12,500 16,500 20,300 17,300 28,600 15,900 15,200 11,400 11,300
Received grant 5,600 6,300 6,900 8,000 9,800 14,300 11,500 14,800 12,200 10,800 8,100 9,100
Total loan status14
No loan 6,500 7,100 8,000 11,600 16,300 18,500 18,100 25,400 16,000 13,800 9,900 10,900
Received loan 4,900 4,400 5,800 7,300 8,300 14,500 9,200 11,300 11,400 10,500 8,300 8,300

! Interpret data with caution. Estimate is unstable because the standard error is between 30 and 50 percent of the estimate.

‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the relative standard error is 50 percent or greater.

1 Public 4-year, non-doctorate-granting, primarily subbaccalaureate institutions confer more than half of awards below the bachelor’s degree level.

2 Full-time status for the purposes of financial aid eligibility is based on 12 credit hours unless the awarding institution employs a different standard. Students are considered to have attended for a full year if they were enrolled for 9 or more months during the academic year. Months did not have to be contiguous, and students did not have to be enrolled for a full month to be considered enrolled for that month.

3 Total price of attendance is the total budget (attendance intensity adjusted) at the institution for students who attended only one institution during the academic year. The budget includes tuition and fees, room and board, books and supplies, transportation, and other miscellaneous or personal expenses. Institutions typically use this value as a student’s budget to award federal financial aid. Average tuition and average total price of attendance estimates are shown only for those attending one institution.

4 American Indian includes Alaska Native, Pacific Islander includes Native Hawaiian, Black includes African American, Hispanic includes Latino, and the Two or more races category includes respondents having origins in more than one race. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin unless specified.

5 Independent students meet one or more of the following conditions: (1) are age 24 or over, (2) are married, (3) have dependents, (4) are veterans or on active duty, (5) are orphans or wards of the courts, (6) are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and (7) were determined to be independent by a financial aid officer using professional judgment. Other undergraduates under age 24 are considered dependent students.

6 Unmarried includes students who were separated, widowed, or divorced.

7 Total income in 2014 was used because it was reported on the federal financial aid application and used for federal financial need analysis for 2015–16.

8 Dollar cutoffs are based on the income distributions of dependent undergraduates and independent undergraduates, calculated separately and combined into this variable. Among dependent undergraduates, the lowest 25 percent included students whose family income was less than $27,900, the middle 50 percent included students whose family income was $27,901–$113,500, and the highest 25 percent included students whose family income was more than $113,500. Among independent undergraduates, the lowest 25 percent included students whose family income was less than $7,200, the middle 50 percent included students whose family income was $7,201–$43,000, and the highest 25 percent included students whose family income was more than $43,000. For dependent students, income consists of parents’ income. For independent students, income consists of the student’s income and, if married, the income of his or her spouse.

9 Worked-while-enrolled estimates exclude students who worked in school-related jobs (e.g., work-study or assistantships) and jobs held while not enrolled, including summer break. Full-time employment status was defined as working 35 or more hours per week, and part-time employment status was defined as working less than 35 hours per week.

10 The 0.15 percent of respondents attending one institution who were National Guard members were included in the total but are not shown separately.

11 The 0.42 percent of respondents attending one institution who reported they did not know their parents’ highest level of education are included in the total but are not shown separately.

12 Total aid includes all types of financial aid from any source except parents, friends, or relatives. Direct PLUS Loans to parents and other types of aid such as employer aid, veterans benefits, and job-training grants are included, but federal tax credits for education are not included.

13 Grants include grants, scholarships, or tuition waivers from federal, state, institutional, or private sources, including employers.

14 Loans include only loans to students and may be from federal, state, institutional, or private sources but exclude other forms of financing such as credit cards, home equity loans, loans from individuals, and Direct PLUS Loans to parents.

NOTE: Out-of-pocket net price is the total price of attendance minus all financial aid received, including Direct PLUS Loans to parents. Total price of attendance includes tuition and fees, books and supplies, housing, meals, transportation, and other miscellaneous or personal expenses. Federal education tax benefits are not included in the calculation. Averages include students who received no aid and students with zero values for out-of-pocket net price. This table excludes students who were attending more than one institution. Estimates include students enrolled in Title IV eligible postsecondary institutions in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The 2011–12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12) excluded institutions in Puerto Rico and their students; to yield estimates comparable with those from NPSAS:12, use the COMPTO87 variable to exclude Puerto Rican institutions from NPSAS:16 estimates.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015–16 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:16).

VIEW TABLE
VIEW MORE
DOWNLOAD