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Table 1.2. AMOUNT OF AID: Among all undergraduates who received various types of aid, average amount of each type of aid received, by institution control and level and selected student characteristics: 2015–16

Type of aid
Institution control and level and selected student characteristics Total aid¹ Total grants2 Total work-study3 Total loans4 Total other type of aid
Total $12,300 $7,400 $2,400 $7,600 $13,800
Institution control and level
Public
Less-than-2-year 5,400 3,800 6,700
2-year 4,800 3,500 2,800 4,700 8,400
4-year 12,600 7,400 2,400 7,500 12,900
Non-doctorate-granting 9,100 5,500 2,400 6,800 10,500
Primarily subbaccalaureate5 5,700 3,900 2,700 5,300 7,300
Primarily baccalaureate 11,300 6,700 2,300 7,300 11,900
Doctorate-granting 14,100 8,200 2,400 7,700 13,500
Private nonprofit
Less-than-4-year 11,600 5,000 7,300 15,200
4-year 23,800 15,800 2,300 9,300 18,000
Non-doctorate-granting 21,800 14,300 2,100 8,700 15,800
Doctorate-granting 25,300 16,900 2,500 9,700 19,600
Private for-profit
Less-than-2-year 10,700 4,300 7,200 15,600 !
2-year 11,900 4,500 2,200 8,400 14,900
4-year 13,500 5,100 3,200 8,800 15,600
Attended more than one institution6 12,700 7,200 2,200 7,500 14,600
Attendance status7
Full-time/full-year 18,000 11,200 2,400 8,700 16,100
Full-time/part-year 9,000 4,900 2,100 6,300 11,600
Part-time/full-year 8,600 4,900 2,700 7,600 12,500
Part-time/part-year 5,000 2,800 2,100 5,100 7,000
Housing8
On campus 22,500 15,000 2,200 8,400 15,600
Off campus, not living with parents 10,400 5,500 2,600 7,700 13,500
Off campus, living with parents 8,500 5,800 2,600 6,500 10,700
Price of attendance8, 9
Less than $7,500 2,600 1,900 2,300 3,000 4,400
$7,500–14,499 5,900 3,800 2,400 5,100 7,900
$14,500–24,499 10,900 6,000 2,500 7,500 11,200
$24,500 or more 23,300 14,300 2,400 9,700 18,400
Sex
Male 12,600 7,600 2,400 7,600 14,200
Female 12,000 7,300 2,400 7,600 13,300
Race/ethnicity10
White 12,900 7,700 2,300 7,900 14,200
Black 12,500 6,900 2,400 7,400 12,800
Hispanic 10,300 6,600 2,500 7,100 13,100
Asian 13,000 9,600 2,600 7,800 16,700
American Indian 9,500 6,300 6,600 12,000
Pacific Islander 11,600 6,300 8,000 17,200
Two or more races 13,300 8,100 2,500 7,600 13,100
Age as of 12/31/15
18 years or younger 14,900 10,200 2,200 6,600 14,800
19–23 years 13,900 9,200 2,400 7,500 13,400
24–29 years 10,000 4,600 2,600 8,200 15,400
30–39 years 9,300 4,000 3,200 7,900 13,500
40 years or older 8,200 3,800 3,000 8,000 11,900
Dependency and family status11
Dependent 14,600 9,800 2,300 7,300 13,900
Independent12 9,500 4,600 2,800 8,000 13,700
Unmarried, no dependents 10,200 5,100 2,700 8,400 14,700
Married, no dependents 8,400 3,700 2,400 8,200 12,400
Unmarried with dependents 9,000 4,500 3,000 7,500 12,100
Married with dependents 9,200 4,100 3,000 8,000 13,900
Dependency status and income level in 201411, 13
Dependent
Less than $20,000 13,000 9,300 2,400 6,100 9,700
$20,000–39,999 14,300 10,000 2,500 6,500 9,900
$40,000–59,999 14,300 9,100 2,400 6,900 11,200
$60,000–79,999 13,700 8,900 2,200 7,300 12,300
$80,000–99,999 15,200 9,600 2,200 8,000 14,200
$100,000 or more 16,500 11,100 2,100 8,500 18,500
Independent
Less than $10,000 10,600 5,800 2,600 8,000 15,600
$10,000–19,999 9,400 4,500 2,700 7,700 13,400
$20,000–29,999 9,100 3,900 3,200 7,800 14,300
$30,000–49,999 9,300 4,000 2,900 8,200 13,500
$50,000 or more 7,900 3,200 3,200 8,300 12,000
Income group14
Lowest 25 percent 12,000 7,900 2,500 7,000 12,000
Middle 50 percent 12,100 7,000 2,400 7,500 13,000
Highest 25 percent 13,000 7,800 2,200 8,600 16,400
Worked while enrolled15
Did not work 14,200 8,900 2,400 7,600 14,800
Worked part time 12,400 7,700 2,400 7,700 13,400
Worked full time 8,700 4,300 2,600 7,600 12,200
Military status
Veterans 16,300 4,600 2,500 8,100 15,800
Military service members 10,400 4,800 2,200 7,000 10,200
Active duty 9,300 3,700 7,500 10,900
Reserves or National Guard 14,400 8,500 6,200 7,600
Nonmilitary students 12,100 7,600 2,400 7,600 13,300
Highest education attained by either parent16
High school diploma or less 10,300 6,200 2,700 7,300 12,100
Some postsecondary education 11,600 6,700 2,400 7,500 13,000
Bachelor’s degree or higher 13,900 8,700 2,300 7,900 15,100
Grant status2
No grant 10,200 2,300 7,600 13,900
Received grant 12,600 7,400 2,400 7,600 13,800
Loan status4
No loan 7,200 6,200 2,700 13,500
Received loan 16,700 8,700 2,300 7,600 14,000

† Not applicable.

! Interpret data with caution. Estimate is unstable because the standard error is between 30 and 50 percent of the estimate.

‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the relative standard error is greater than 50 percent.

1 Total aid includes all types of financial aid from any source except parents, friends, or relatives. Direct PLUS Loans to parents and other types of aid such as employer aid, veterans benefits, and job-training grants are included, but federal tax credits for education are not included.

2 Total grants include grants, scholarships, or tuition waivers from federal, state, institutional, or private sources, including employers.

3 Federal work-study amounts are based on award amounts and not on the amount of aid ultimately disbursed.

4 Total loans includes only loans to students and may be from federal, state, institutional, or private sources but excludes other forms of financing such as credit cards, home equity loans, loans from individuals, and Direct PLUS Loans to parents.

5 Public 4-year, non-doctorate-granting, primarily subbaccalaureate institutions confer more than half of awards below the bachelor’s degree level.

6 Students who attended more than one institution during the 2015–16 academic year were reclassified into a separate category because all or part of their financial aid may not have been received at the sampled institution.

7 Full-time status for the purposes of financial aid eligibility is based on 12 credit hours per term unless the awarding institution employs a different standard. Students attended for a full year if they were enrolled 9 or more months during the academic year. Months did not have to be contiguous, and students did not have to be enrolled for a full month to be considered enrolled for that month.

8 Students who attended more than one institution are included in the total for all undergraduates but excluded here.

9 Price of attendance is the total budget (attendance intensity adjusted) at the institution for students who attended only one institution during the academic year. The budget includes tuition and fees, room and board, books and supplies, transportation, and personal or miscellaneous expenses. For part-time or part-year students, the total price is adjusted to account for their lower tuition, fees, and other costs as appropriate. Institutions typically use this value as a student’s budget to award federal financial aid.

10 American Indian includes Alaska Native, Pacific Islander includes Native Hawaiian, Black includes African American, Hispanic includes Latino, and the Two or more races category includes respondents having origins in more than one race.

11 Independent students meet one or more of the following conditions: (1) are age 24 or over, (2) are married, (3) have dependents, (4) are veterans or on active duty, (5) are orphans or wards of the courts, (6) are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and (7) were determined to be independent by a financial aid officer using professional judgment. Other undergraduates under age 24 are considered dependent students.

12 Unmarried status includes students who were separated, widowed, or divorced.

13 Total income in 2014 was used because it was reported on the federal financial aid application and used for federal need analysis for 2015–16. Income consists of parents’ income for dependent students. For independent students, it consists of the income of the student, and, if married, the income of his or her spouse.

14 Dollar cutoffs are based on the income distributions of dependent undergraduates and independent undergraduates, calculated separately and combined into this variable. Among dependent undergraduates, the lowest 25 percent included students whose family income was less than $27,901, the middle 50 percent included students whose family income was $27,901–$113,500, and the highest 25 percent included students whose family income was more than $113,500. Among independent undergraduates, the lowest 25 percent included students whose family income was less than $7,201, the middle 50 percent included students whose family income was $7,201–$42,900, and the highest 25 percent included students whose family income was more than $42,900. For independent students, income consists of the student’s income and, if married, the income of his or her spouse.

15 Worked-while-enrolled estimates exclude students who worked in school-related jobs (e.g., work-study or assistantships) and jobs held while not enrolled, including summer break. Full-time employment status was defined as working 35 or more hours per week, and part-time employment status was defined as working less than 35 hours per week.

16 The 0.42 percent of respondents who reported that they did not know their parents’ highest level of education were included in the total but are not shown separately. Some postsecondary education includes vocational/technical training, associate's degrees, and some college but no degree.

NOTE: Average aid amounts are calculated only for students who received aid. Students may receive more than one type of aid. Estimates pertain to students enrolled in Title IV eligible postsecondary institutions in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The 2011–12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Survey (NPSAS:12) excluded institutions in Puerto Rico and their students; to yield estimates comparable with those from NPSAS:12, use the COMPTO87 variable to exclude Puerto Rican institutions from NPSAS:16 estimates.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015–16 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:16).

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