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Table 22.  Percentage of students ages 12–18 who reported the presence of street gangs and frequency of gang activities at school, by selected student and school characteristics: School year 2006–07
 
Frequency of gang-related fights, attacks, or other violence at school1 Gangs involved in the sale of drugs at school1
Gangs at school  
Once or twice in last 6 months Once or twice a month Once or twice a week
Almost every day
Student or school characteristic Yes   No   Never           Yes   No  
Total 23.2   63.6   25.9   23.3   12.9   5.1   3.8   20.3   34.7  
                                     
Sex                                    
Male 25.1   62.5   27.1   24.3   12.8   4.3   4.1   22.4   35.1  
Female 21.3   64.7   24.5   22.2   13.1   6.0   3.5   18.1   34.3  
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White, not Hispanic or Latino 16.0   71.3   27.4   24.3   10.2   4.1   1.7   20.2   34.2  
Black, not Hispanic or Latino 37.6   48.9   22.7   18.5   16.5   6.4   7.4   21.6   34.3  
Hispanic or Latino 36.1   49.4   24.1   26.7   15.6   6.5   4.7   20.6   37.9  
All other races, not
    Hispanic or Latino2
21.5   64.9   31.5   20.0   11.5   3.6 ! 3.3 ! 16.6   28.9  
                                     
Grade                                    
6th 15.3   75.1   38.4   13.4   8.0   4.6 ! 5.3 ! 13.8   47.8  
7th 17.4   68.7   28.1   19.7   10.3   5.8   4.1 ! 11.4   48.0  
8th 20.6   67.6   28.4   20.9   11.9   6.7   3.1 ! 16.3   46.5  
9th 28.0   59.0   22.6   23.9   12.7   5.6   5.7   22.4   29.7  
10th 28.1   57.1   25.5   27.7   15.4   4.0   3.2 ! 27.1   27.4  
11th 25.9   59.8   21.5   23.7   15.2   5.2   2.4 ! 22.8   27.0  
12th 24.4   62.1   25.3   26.8   13.3   3.9 ! 3.4 ! 21.5   29.3  
                                     
Household income                                    
Less than $7,500 27.6   57.9   17.6 ! 21.0   10.6 !   10.8 ! 12.8 ! 44.1  
$7,500-14,999 34.0   53.7   20.9   26.6   15.4   6.8 ! 7.0 ! 20.9   28.0  
$15,000-24,999 27.9   57.0   26.6   18.2   16.6   6.2   3.6 ! 14.6   42.7  
$25,000-34,999 27.2   59.1   21.1   28.2   16.4   4.8 ! 5.0 ! 20.1   39.1  
$35,000-49,999 25.7   58.4   22.5   22.8   15.3   5.9   3.5 ! 23.9   28.0  
$50,000 or more 18.8   69.0   29.5   24.8   9.9   4.7   1.6   20.4   35.7  
                                     
Urbanicity3                                    
Urban 32.3   52.6   22.8   23.1   15.3   5.9   4.4   19.0   34.2  
Suburban 21.0   65.8   29.1   23.9   11.9   4.7   3.2   21.8   34.6  
Rural 15.5   74.5   22.2   21.4   10.3   4.8   4.5 ! 18.1   36.8  
                                    
Self-report of grades in school4                                    
Mostly A's 15.1   72.7   30.3   24.8   10.1   3.2   2.0 ! 16.8   36.7  
Mostly B's 24.0   61.8   26.2   24.8   12.5   4.8   3.4   20.8   32.6  
Mostly C's 35.1   52.5   21.4   21.1   17.1   6.9   5.3   23.2   37.6  
Mostly D's 36.5   51.4   21.1   19.5   13.0   5.1 ! 12.2 ! 27.0   35.6  
Mostly F's 45.4   46.0   24.0 !   21.4 ! 28.9 !   21.6 ! 37.7 !
                                     
Student report of violent
   victimization at school5
Yes 49.0   42.2   22.9   16.4 ! 22.5   13.2 !   44.5   27.8  
No 22.8   63.9   25.9   23.5   12.7   4.9   3.8   19.7   34.9  
                                     
Student report of theft
   victimization at school5
Yes 32.1   54.5   30.7   25.2   11.1 ! 7.6 !   25.0   33.1  
No 22.9   63.9   25.7   23.2   13.0   5.0   3.8   20.1   34.8  
                                     
Sector                                    
Public 24.9   61.0   25.6   23.1   13.1   5.1   3.8   20.5   34.2  
Private 5.2   91.2   38.4   29.1         10.1 ! 57.6  
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Estimates of "Frequency of gang-related fights, attacks, or other violence at school" and "Gangs involved in the sale of drugs at school" were derived from the full sample of students.
2 "All other races, not Hispanic or Latino" includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians (including Alaska Natives) and respondents of two or more races. For this report, not Hispanic or Latino students who identified themselves as being of two or more races (1 percent of all respondents) were included in the "all other races, not Hispanic or Latino" category. Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic or Latino origin were classified as "Hispanic or Latino," regardless of their race.
3 Urbanicity refers to the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 1990 by the U.S. Census Bureau.
4 Rates for students who responded that their schools did not give grades or there was no alphabetical equivalent are not reported.
5 Victimization data are taken from the Incident Report of the National Crime Victimization Survey and appended to the School Crime Supplement (SCS) data file. Readers should note the reference period for the victimization data is "the last 6 months" while the reference period for the SCS is "the last school year."
NOTE: "Violent" victimization includes serious violent crimes (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault) and simple assault. "Theft" includes attempted and completed purse snatching, completed pickpocketing, and all attempted and completed thefts, excluding motor vehicle theft. Theft does not include robbery, in which the threat or use of force is involved. "At school" includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and going to and from school. Details may not sum to 100 percent because respondent-volunteered "don't know" responses are included in the base for the percentages listed. Population size for students ages 12–18 was 25,967,000 in 2007.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 2007.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education